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Barraclough, Solon and Ghimire, K. 1990. The Social Dynamics of Deforestation in Developing Countries: Principal Issues and Research Priorities. United Nations Research Institute for Social Development, Geneva.

Bromley, Daniel. 1992. Making the Commons Work. Institute for Contemporary Studies, San Francisco.

Bruce, John W. 1991. La foresterie communautaire: Evaluation rapide des droits fonciers et propriété de l'arbre et de la terre. FAO, Rome.

Bruce, John W. 1989. Community Forestry Note 5. Rapid Appraisal of Tree and Land Tenure. FAO, Rome.

Chambers, R. 1992. Rural Appraisal: Rapid, Relaxed and Participatory. Institute for Development Studies Discussion Paper 311, University of Sussex, Sussex.

Chambers, R. 1990. Rapid and Participatory Rural Appraisal: Past, Present and Future. Paper for a Seminar at the University of Chieng Mai, Thailand.

Collins, Jane. 1992. Smallholder Settlement of Tropical South America: The Social Causes of Ecological Destruction. Human Organization 45: 1-10.

Collins, J. 1992. Marxism Confronts the Environment: Labor, Ecology and Environmental Change. In Ortiz, S. and Lee, S. (eds.) 1992. Understanding Economic Process. University Press of America, New York.

Conac, G. 1980. Dynamiques et finalitiés des droits Africains. Economica, Paris.

Crousse, B., Le Bris, E., and Le Roy, E. 1986. Espaces disputés en Afrique noire. Pratiques foncières locales. Karthala, Paris.

Davison, Jean (ed.). 1988. Agriculture, Women, and Land. The African Experience. Westview Press, Boulder, Colorado.

Downs, R.E. and Reyna, S.P. 1988. Land and Society in Contemporary Africa. University Press of New England, Hanover, New Hampshire.

Faure, E. and Le Roy, E. 1990. Experts et développeurs face aux enjeux de la question foncière en Afrique francophone. Les Cahiers de la Recherche Développement 25: 5-18.

Fischer, J., Freudenberger, K.S. Diallo, M.S., Bah, A.B., Seck, I.S., Balde, M., Diallo, B., Doumboiya, S. 1993. Resource Management Practices and Tenure Constraints and Opportunities in the Koundou Watershed, Fouta Djallon Guinea. Land Tenure Center, University of Wisconsin, Madison.

Forster, Nancy R. 1992. Protecting Fragile Lands: New Resources to Tackle Old Problems. World Development 20: 571-585.

Fortmann, Louise and Rocheleau. 1985. Women and Agroforestry: Four Myths and Three Case Studies. Agroforestry Systems 2 253-272

Freudenberger, K.S. and Freudenberger, M.S. 1993. Fields, Fallow, and Flexibility: Natural Resource Management in Ndam Mor Fademba, Senegal. IIED, London.

Freudenberger, M.S., (ed.). 1993. Institutions and Natural Resource Management in The Gambia: A Case Study of the Foni Jarrol District. Land Tenure Center, University of Wisconsin, Madison.

Freudenberger, M.S. 1992. Land Tenure, Local Institutions and Natural Resources in Senegal. Land Tenure Center, University of Wisconsin, Madison.

Ghai, Dharam. 1992.00 Conservation, Livelihood and Democracy: Social Dynamics of Environmental Changes in Africa. United Nations Research Institute for Social Development, Geneva.

Ghimire, Krishna. 1991. Parks and People: Livelihood Issues in National Parks Management in Thailand and Madagascar. United Nations Research Institute for Social Development, Geneva.

Grandin, B. 1988. Wealth Ranking in Smallholder Communities: A Field Manual. Intermediate Technology Publications, London.

Gueye, Bara and Freudenberger, K.S. 1991. Introduction a la Méthode Accélérée de Recherche Participative (MARP). IIED, London.

Guijt, I. (ed.). 1992. Special Issue on Applications of Wealth Ranking, RRA Notes 15. IIED, London.

Hecht, Susana. 1981. Deforestation in the Amazon Basin: Magnitude, Dynamics and Soil Resource Effects. Studies in Third World Societies 13: 61-100.

Hecht, S. and Cockburn, A. 1989. The Fate of the Forest: Developers, Defenders and Destroyers of the Amazon. Verso, New York.

Lane, C., and Swift, J. East African Pastoralism: Common Land, Common Problems. Report on the Pastoral Land Tenure Workshop. IIED, London.

Le Bris, E., Le Roy, E., and Leimdorfer, F. 1982. Enjoux fonciers en Afrique noire. Editions Karthala/ORSTOM, Paris.

Le Bris, Emile, Le Roy, E., and Mathieu, P. 1991. L 'appropriation de la terre en Afrique noire: Manuel d'analyse, de decision et de gestion foncières. Karthala, Paris.

Le Roy, Etienne. 1987. Introduction. La réforme du droit de la terre dans certains pays d'Afrique francophone. Etude Legislative, 44: 1-29. FAO, Rome.

Le Roy, Etienne. 1982. Caractères des droits fonciers coutumiers. L'Encyclopédie Juridique de l'Afrique. Tome V: 39-47. Nouvelles Editions Africaines, Dakar.

Le Roy, Etienne. 1982. Les modes d'acquisition et les preuves des droits fonciers coutumiers. L'Encyclopedie Juridique de l'Afrique. Tome V Dakar: 39-47. Nouvelles Editions Africaines, Dakar.

MacDonald, Ted. 1992. Working with Indigenous People in Latin America: Towards Social Equity in the Conservation of Fragile Lands and Protected Areas. Paper prepared for USAID, Bureau of Research and Development. Cultural Survival, Cambridge, Mass.

Mascarenhas, J., Parmesh, S. Joseph, S. Jayakaran, R., Devavaram, J., Ramachandran, V. Fernandez, A., Chambers, R. and Pretty, J., (ads.). 1991. Participatory Rural Appraisal, Proceedings of the February 1991 Bangalore PRA Trainers Workshop, RRA Notes 13. IIED, London and Myrada, Bangalore.

McCracken, J., Pretty, J., and Conway, G. 1988. An Introduction to Rapid Rural Appraisal for Agricultural Development. IIED, London.

National Environment Secretariat, Egerton University, Clark University, Center for International Development and Environment. 1990. Participatory Rural Appraisal Handbook. World Resources Institute, Washington, D.C.

Niamir, Maryam. 1991. Traditional African Range Management Techniques: Implications for Rangeland Management ODI Pastoral Development Network Paper 31d.

Odour-Noah, E., Asamba, I., Ford, R., Wichhart, L., and Lelo, F. 1992. Implementing PRA: A Handbook to Facilitate Participatory Rural Appraisal. Program for International Development, Clark University, Worcester, Mass.

Painter, T. 1991. Approaches to Improving the Use of Natural Resources for Agriculture in Sahelian West Africa. CARE International, New York.

Painter, Thomas M. 1991. Approches pour une meilleure utilization des ressources naturelles et agricoles en Afrique de l'ouest Sahelienne: Analyse sociologique de l'approche Aménagement/Gestion des Terroirs Villageois et de ses implications pour les organizations non-gouvernementales. CARE, New York.

Poole, P. 1989. Developing a Partnership of Indigenous People, Conservationists and Land Use Planners in Latin America. World Bank, Washington, D.C.

Pretty, J.N. and Scoones, I.C. (eds.). 1989. Rapid Rural Appraisal for Economics: Exploring Incentives to Tree Management in Sudan. IIED, London.

RRA Notes. 1988 onwards. Published and distributed by IIED, London.

Scoones, I. and McCracken, J. (eds.). 1989. Participatory Rapid Rural Appraisal in Wollo Ethiopia: Peasant Association Planning for Natural Resource Management. International Institute for Environment and Development, London.

Shepherd, Gill. 1991. The Communal Management of Forests in the Semi-Arid and Sub-Humid Regions of Africa: Past Practice and Prospects for the Future. Development Policy Review 9: 151-176.

Theis, J., and Grady, H. 1991. Participatory Rapid Appraisal for Community Development: a Training Manual Based on Experiences in the Middle East and North Africa. Save the Children and IIED, London.

Thiesenhusen, Willam C. 1991. Implications of the Rural Land Tenure System for the Environmental Debate: Three Scenarios. The Journal of Developing Areas 26: 1-24.

Utting, Peter. 1991. The Social Origins and Impact of Deforestation in Central America. United Nations Research Institute for Social Development, Geneva.

Verdier, R. and Rochegude, A. 1986. Systèms fonciers à la ville et au village: Afrique noire francophone. Editions l'Harmattan, Paris.

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