Glossary

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ACP
African, Caribbean and Pacific States

AfDB
African Development Bank

AGF
Federal Government Acquisition

AIDS
Acquired immune deficiency syndrome

ALADI (LAIA)
Latin America Integration Association

AMS
Aggregate Measurement of Support

AsDB
Asian Development Bank

ASEAN
Association of Southeast Asian Nations

ATO
African Timber Organization

BEAC
Bank of Central African States

CACM
Central America Common Market

CAP
Common Agricultural Policy

CARICOM
Caribbean Community and Common Market

CBI
Caribbean Basin Initiative

CGIAR
Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research

c.i.f.
Cost, insurance and freight

CIFOR
Centre for International Forestry Research

CINTRAFOR
Center for International Trade of Forest Products

CIS
Commonwealth of Independent States

CMB
Cocoa Marketing Board

COCOBOD
Ghana Cocoa Board

CUSTA
Canada-US Free Trade Agreement

EAI
Enterprise for the Americas Initiative

EAP
Economically active population

EC
European Community

EGF
Federal Government Loans

EHDAEs
Economies highly dependent on agricultural exports

ERP
Economic recovery programme

ERS
Economic Research Service

EU
European Union

FAPRI
Food and Agricultural Policy Research Institute

FDI
Foreign direct investment

f.o.b.
Free on board

FSC
Forest Stewardship Council

FTA
Free trade agreement

GATT
General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade

GDP
Gross domestic product

GEF
Global Environmental Facility

GHG
Greenhouse gas

GNP
Gross national product

GRIP
Gross Revenue Insurance Plan

GSP
Generalized System of Preferences

HIV
Human immunodeficiency virus

HRS
Household responsibility system

HYV
High-yielding varieties

IBRD
International Bank for Reconstruction and Development

ICCO
International Cocoa Organization

ICO
International Coffee Organization

ICRAF
International Center for Research in Agroforestry

IDA
International Development Association

IEFR
International Emergency Food Reserve

IFPRI
International Food Policy Research Institute

IIED
International Institute for Environment and Development

IMF
International Monetary Fund

IPCC
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

IPGRI
International Plant Genetic Resources Institute

IPPC
International Plant Protection Convention

ISA
International Sugar Agreement

ITTA
International Tropical Timber Agreement

ITTO
International Tropical Timber Organization

IUCN
World Conservation Union

LAFTA
Latin American Free Trade Area

LDC
Least-developed country

MERCOSUR
Southern Common Market

MFA
Multifibre Arrangement

MFN
Most favoured nation

MMA
Multilateral Monetary Area

MPP
Minimum price programme

MTNs
Multilateral trade negotiations

NAFTA
North American Free Trade Agreement

NCPB
National Cereals and Produce Board

NGO
Non-governmental organization

NISA
Net Income Stabilization Account

NMP
Net material product

NTB
Non-tariff barrier

NTSP
National Tripartite Stabilization Programme

ODI
Overseas Development Institute

OECD
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

OPEC
Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries

PSE
Producer subsidy equivalent

SAARC
South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation

SACU
Southern Africa Customs Union

SADC
Southern African Development Community

SAFTA
South Asian Free Trade Agreement

SAL
Structural adjustment loan

SAP
Structural adjustment programme

SNCR
National Rural Credit System

SPDC
Special Programme for Developing Countries

TFAP
Tropical Forests Action Programme

TRIM
Trade-related investment measure

TRQ
Tariff-rate quota

TVE
Township and village enterprise

UEMOA
West African Economic and Monetary Union

UMOA
West African Monetary Union

UNCED
United Nations Conference on Environment and Development

UNCTAD
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development

UNDP
United Nations Development Programme

UNEP
United Nations Environment Programme

URV
Unit reference value

USDA
United States Department of Agriculture

VAT
Value added tax

WFP
World Food Programme

WGTA
Western Grain Transportation Act

WHFTA
Western Hemisphere Free Trade Agreement

WHO
World Health Organization

WIDER
World Institute for Development Economics Research

WRI
World Resources Institute

WTO
World Trade Organization

WWF
World Wide Fund for Nature


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