Selected species and strategies to enhance income generation from Amazonian forests


Table of contents


by
Jason W. Clay
and
Charles R. Clement

FO: Misc/93/6
Working Paper

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS
Rome, May 1993

This document is a working paper. It documents information forming part of a larger study and informs interested persons about work In progress.

It is made available in limited numbers for comment and discussion.

The designations employed and the presentation of material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

The opinions expressed in the document are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the opinion on the part of the FAO.


Table of contents


Preface

Acronyms

Abbreviations and key to symbols

Introduction - Conservation and development

Land and resource rights - Zoning and mapping
Improving existing cultivars
Developing new crops
The impact of non-sustainable economic activities
New directions for development in Amazônia

Strategies for enhancing income generation from the tropical forest

The lessons
Research needs

Currently traded forest products
Improved harvesting techniques
Chemical analyses and health and safety information
Reducing post-harvest losses
Transport
Commodity marketing systems
Processing and technology transfer/development
Marketing

Creating income generating forests in Amazônia

What kinds of species?
How many species?
Establishing the income forest
Applying the income forest idea
Conclusion: Is it a viable alternative?
Acknowledgements

Some Amazonian Forest Products and Initiatives for Adding Value to Them

Nuts
Oil
Essential oils
Flours
Fruits
Handicrafts

Assaí

Related species
Description and phenology

Euterpe oleracea
Euterpe precatoria

Cytological data
Distribution, abundance and ecology
Uses and economic potential

Principal uses
Secondary uses
Economic data
Collection methods and yields
Management

Research contacts

Buriti

Related species
Description and phenology
Distribution, abundance and ecology
Uses and economic potential

Principal use
Secondary uses

Collection methods and yields
Propagation and cultivation methods
Research contacts

Patauá

Related species
Distribution, abundance and ecology
Description & phenology
Uses and economic potential

Principal use: Mesocarp oil
Secondary uses: Food/beverage, medicinal, fiber

Chemical-nutritive and industrial analysis
Historical production data
Yields and collection anal processing methods
Propagation and cultivation methods
Research contacts

Pejibaye

Related species
Description and phenology
Distribution, abundance and ecology
Uses and economic potential

Principal uses
Secondary uses

Collection methods and yields
Propagation and cultivation methods

General
Monoculture
Agroforestry
"Income Forests"

Research contacts
Commercial contacts

Piquiá

Related species
Description and phenology
Distribution, abundance and ecology
Uses and economic potential

Principal uses
Secondary uses

Collection methods and yields
Propagation and cultivation methods
Research contacts

Brazil nut

Related species
Description and phenology
Distribution, abundance and ecology
Uses and economic potential

Principal use
Secondary uses

Historical production data
Miscellaneous information
Collection methods and yields
Propagation and cultivation methods
Research contacts

Pendula nut

Related species
Description and phenology
Distribution, abundance and ecology
Uses and economic potential

Principal use
Secondary uses

Collection methods and yields -
Propagation and cultivation methods
Research contacts

Bacuri

Related species
Description and phenology
Distribution, abundance and ecology
Uses and economic potential

Principal use
Secondary uses

Collection methods and yields
Propagation and cultivation methods
Research contacts
Commercial contacts

Camu-camu

Related species
Description and phenology
Distribution, abundance and ecology
Uses and economic potential
Collection methods and yields
Propagation and cultivation methods
Research contacts
Commercial contacts

Cupuaasu

Related species
Description and phenology
Distribution, abundance and ecology
Uses and economic potential
Chemical-nutritive and industrial analysis

Principal use
Secondary uses

Collection methods and yields
Propagation and cultivation methods
Research contacts
Commercial contacts

Copaíba

Related species
Description and phenology
Distribution, abundance and ecology
Uses and economic potential

Major use: Timber
Potential mayor use: oil resin
Secondary use: medicinal

Historical market data
Collection methods and yields
Propagation and cultivation methods
Research contacts

Jatobá

Related species
Description and phenology
Distribution, abundance and ecology
Uses and economic potential

Principal uses
Secondary uses

Collection methods and yields
Propagation and cultivation methods
Research contacts

Andiroba

Related species
Description and phenology
Distribution, abundance and ecology
Uses and economic potential

Principal use
Secondary uses

The modern export market
Collection methods and yields
Propagation and cultivation methods
Research contacts

Babassu

Related species
Description and phenology
Distribution, abundance and ecology
Uses and economic potential

Principal use and market value
Secondary uses and market, potential

Chemical analyses
Yields, harvesting and processing methods
Propagation and cultivation methods
Research contacts

Ucuúba

Related species
Description and phenology
Distribution, abundance and ecology
Uses and economic potential

Principal use
Secondary uses

Recent export data
Collection methods and yields
Propagation and cultivation methods
Research contacts

Cumaru

Related species
Description and phenology
Distribution, abundance and ecology
Uses and economic potential

Principal use
Secondary uses

Recent export data
Collection methods and yields
Propagation and cultivation methods
Research contacts

Rosewood

Related species
Description and phenology
Distribution, abundance and ecology
Uses and economic potential

Principal use
Secondary use

Economic data
Collection methods and yields
Propagation and cultivation methods
Research contacts

Sacaca

Related species
Description
Distribution and ecology
Uses and economic potential

Principal use
Secondary uses

Recent commercial data
Collection methods and yields
Propagation and cultivation methods
Research contacts
Commercial contacts
Acknowledgments

Tagua

Related species
Description and phenology
Distribution, abundance and ecology
Uses and economic potential

Principal use

Souvenir manufacturing
Tagua as a substitute for ivory

Secondary uses

Collection methods and yields
Propagation and cultivation methods
Research contacts
Commercial contacts

Conclusions - developing markets for forest products

Literature cited