This report describes and discusses the use and development of products other than wood derived from forests and forest lands, in the overall context of multiple-use forestry for sustainable development. It presents a wide range of examples of these non-wood forest products in terms of their use and potential as sources of self-sufficient and sustained livelihoods for low-income rural communities, their commercial and industrial applications and their value in local or distant marketplaces.

Drawing on this analysis, a strategic framework is proposed by FAO for future action to boost sustainable development of these products worldwide, as an integral factor in mainstream development plans and programmes affecting the world's forests, forest lands and people living in forest vicinities.