China - East Asia

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Beijing University

Mail address Xiaozhuang, PO Box 67, 100083 Beijing
Telephone + 86 (1) 256-8811-285
Fax +86 (1) 254-5024

Nature National government, academic
Mission Research, education
Financial support Central government
Working languages Chinese
Scope of interest Erosion mechanics, soil and water conservation and management, agroforestry, dryland forestry, watershed management, remote sensing, information systems for watershed management, desertification control

Research program
Locations Loess area, desertified land of northern China, upper and middle reaches of the Yanzhi River
Subjects Comprehensive (integrated) small watershed management, afforestation by water harvesting, forest hydrology, information system on watershed management, desertification control and comprehensive use of sandy land
Status Ongoing
Findings Hydrologic index of forests in dryland areas of China (Loess Plateau); methods of afforestation in drylands through water harvesting; methods and techniques of small watershed management; ecologic and economic benefits of small watershed management; planning methods of soil conservation

Internal Organization
Chief official Professor Dr. Wang Lixian, President of College
Divisions Erosion Control, Afforestation in Drylands, Watershed Management and Planning, Desertification Control
Professional staff 43
Total staff 66

Office 5,800 mē
Formal networks Affiliated with Other networks in Universities of Beijing
Subcenters Experimental Stations (1) Beijing Mountain area investigation of effects of forest on water resources and soil erosion, (2) Shanxi Province studies on ecologic-economic benefits of forest in Loess area, (3) Lingxia Province studies on watershed management
Exchange Facilities Available through (1) Training Center of Soil and Water Conservation of Loess Plateau, (2) Forest Hydrology Stations in Loess area

Serials Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, Journal of Beijing Forestry University (in Chinese with English abstracts)
Other Soil and Water Conservation Engineering, Hydrology of Watersheds, Desertification Control, Forest Protection

Established in 1958



Mail address Wan Shou Shan, 100091 Beijing
Telephone +86(1)258-2211 Fax +86(1)258-2317 Cable Beijing 0161

Sponsoring agency State Science and Technology Commission, State Science Foundation Commission, Ministry of Forestry
Nature National government
Mission Research
Financial support See Sponsoring agency
Working languages
Scope of interest Desertification control, fuelwood, remote sensing, renewable natural resources, farm forestry, forest management

Research program
Locations Arid and desert areas in northern China
Subjects Establishment and observation of forest shelterbelts, afforestation techniques and study of effects
Status Ongoing (5-year-long Phase I completed)
Findings Significant social and ecological effects produced

Internal Organization
Chief official Chen Tongai, President (forest economist); Hong Jusheng, Vice President (tree breeder)
Divisions Research Institutes of Forestry, Wood Industry, Chemical Processing and Utilization of Forest Products, Forest Information, Forest Resource Information Techniques, Forest Resources, Insects, and others
Division heads Professor Xiong Yaoguo, Director of Research Institute of Forestry; Professor Chen Xuhe, Director of Research Institute of Wood Industry
Professional staff 1,800
Total staff 4,400

Office 90,000 mē
Library National Library on forestry with 63,000 kinds of books in 220,000 volumes, and 700 periodical titles
Computer catalog In process, using ISTIC/ISIS database management software
Local databases Databases on Chinese Forestry Literature, World Forest Products, Chinese Bamboo Literature, Forest Tree Breeding, and Forest Fire Control
Subcenters Desert Forest Experimental Center, Dengkou, Inner Mongolia; mainly engaged in intermittent trials
Exchange Facilities Available through the International Farm Forestry Training Center in Beijing

Serials Forest Research, Wood Industry, Chemistry and Industry of Forest Products, World Forestry Research, Forest Economics, China Forestry Abstracts

Established in 1958; previously named the Central Institute of Forestry


Chinese Academy of Sciences (Academia Sinica)

Mail address Beijing Road 40, Urumqi, Xinjiang 830011
Telephone +86 (991) 337-420, 338-512 Fax +86 (991) 335-459
Telex 79152 KWTWZCN Cable 0004

Nature Academic
Mission Research
Financial support Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing
Working languages Chinese, English
Scope of interest Arid lands topics such as geomorphology, rational utilization of natural resources, remote sensing environment, water resources, and economic development

Research program
Locations Throughout Xinjiang, Central Asia
Subjects Surveys of land, water, glacier, and snowcover resources; regional natural planning; watershed development; remote sensing application to resource surveys; snow and avalanche shifting control; evaporation restraints; forecasting evolution of natural environment; arable waterland resources development and utilization; water use; agricultural geography; industrial geography; urban geography; transport geography; Tarim River research

Internal Organization
Chief official Professor Huang Wenfang, Director
Divisions Water Resources, Geomorphology and Quaternary Geology, Economic Geography, Snow Cover Research, Environmental Geography, Applied Remote Sensing
Professional staff 130
Total staff 169

Office 4,700 mē for offices, 800 mē for laboratories
Library 50,000 books and references
Subcenters Aksu Water Evaporation and Balance Experiment Station, Tianshan Mountains Snowcover and Avalanche Station, Geographic Information Service (GIS) Laboratory
Exchange Facilities All Facilities or programs available to corresponding scholars

Serials Arid Land Geography (in Chinese and Uygur with English abstracts, quarterly since 1983)
Other Many texts, handbooks, maps and Other Publications, mostly in Chinese, some in English
Publications list Available; please contact Division of International Cooperation

Established in present form in 1978


Chinese Academy of Sciences (Academia Sinica)

Mail address Beijing Road 40, Urumqi, Xinjiang 830011
Telephone +86 (991) 335-642 Fax +86 (991) 335-459

Nature National government
Mission Research, instruction, extension
Financial support Government, domestic and international foundations and organizations
Working languages Chinese, English
Scope of interest Botany, microbiology, zoology, pedology, psammology, desertification, agronomy, remote sensing, environmental science, natural resources management

Research program
Locations Taklamakan Desert, Tarim Basin, Weigan River Basin
Subjects Comprehensive scientific investigation of Taklamakan Desert; comprehensive techniques for and experimental demonstration on improvement of ecological environment of Oasis Transit Belt on southern edge of Taklamakan Desert (State Eighth Five-Year Plan Key Project); structure, function and production of desert oasis agroecosystems; improvement and comprehensive development of low and middle production land in the Weigan River basin, southern Xinjiang; compilation of Xinjiang Flora; technique for routing desert road for Tarim Basin oil exploitation; comprehensive evaluation of environmental impact of desert road for Tarim Basin oil exploitation; biological techniques for sand control and prevention on desert road for Tarim Basin oil exploitation
Status Taklamakan Desert investigation complete; others ongoing

Internal Organization
Chief official Professor Li Shugang, Director
Divisions Microbiology, Plant Resources, Plant Physiology, Land Resources, Land Reclamation, Desert Research, Remote Sensing
Professional staff 228
Total staff 270

Office Administrative offices; central laboratory, well furnished, with modern instruments; about 20 additional laboratories
Library Small documentation center
Subcenters Five field stations

Serials Arid Zone Research (quarterly journal)
Other Soil maps, land use maps, vegetation maps etc.; Proceedings

Established in 1991


Chinese Academy of Sciences (Academia Sinica), Desert Control Group

Mail address 174 Donggang West Road, Lanzbou, Gansu 730000
Telephone +86 (931) 882-6720, 888-9950 Fax +86 (931) 888-9950
Telex 72149 ICERD CN Cable 3097 Lanzhou

Nature National government, academic
Mission Research, extension
Financial support Central government, science foundation
Working languages Chinese, English, Japanese
Scope of interest Geography, geomorphology, desertification, plant ecophysiology, dune stabilization, forestry, pedology, agronomy, animal sciences, hydrology, rangeland, botany, vegetation dynamics, irrigation, remote sensing. economics

Research program
Locations Linze County, Gansu Province; Zhongwei and Yanchi Counties, Ningxia Autonomous Region; Taklamakan Desert, Xingjiang Province; Daxin County, Beijing; Naiman County, Inner Mongolia; Yuchen and Xiajing Counties, Shandong Province; Jianjing County, Henan Province; Xinjian County, Jiangxi Province; total area of Tibet
Subjects Desertification processes, trend forecasting and rehabilitation; sand stabilization principles and techniques; rational resources use and development; desert formation and development; sand current dynamics; arid zone hydrology; transformation of fragile zones in sandy land
Status Ongoing
Findings Developed measures suitable to local conditions in various deserts and sandy land, sub-humid and humid areas

Internal Organization
Chief official Professor Xia Xuncheng, Director; Professor Liu Xinmin. Deputy Director; Mr. Zhou Jixia and Mr. Chen Hao, officers-in-charge of projects
Divisions Desertification, Resources, Dune Stabilization and Plantation, Remote Sensing, Sand Stabilization by Chemical Means, Mapping, Information, International Cooperation
Division heads Prof. Dong Guangrong, Prof. Gao Qianzhao, Prof. Bao Yin, Prof. Yang Gengsheng, Prof. Peng Qilong, Prof. Wang Yimou, Prof. Chen Daoyuan
Professional staff 226
Total staff 285

Office 600 mē office, 2,480 mē laboratory
Library Academic Library with 35,000 books and large collection of scientific reports, periodicals and journals, bulletins, pamphlets and reprints
Subcenters Experimental stations in Provinces of Gansu, Ningxia, Inner Mongolia, Shandong, Henan, and Jiangshi, and in Beijing
Exchange Facilities All Facilities are available to corresponding scientists without charge and to visiting scholars at some charge; seminars and training courses are conducted in the name of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, UNEP, UNDP, ESCAP and Other organizations; research collaborations are undertaken with scientists from all over the world


Chinese Academy of Sciences (Academia Sinica),Desert Control Group

Serials Journal of Desert Research (in Chinese with English abstracts), Memories of the Institute of Desert Research (in Chinese with English abstracts), World Desert Study (in Chinese)
Other 250 texts, handbooks and maps (some in English, some in Chinese with English abstracts)

Established in 1978


Northwestern Agricultural University

Yangling, Shaanxi Province
Telephone +86 (910) 712-571 Fax +86 (910) 712-559 Cable 6007

Sponsoring agency Ministry of Agriculture
Nature National government
Mission Scientific research, technical extension
Financial support Government
Working languages Chinese
Scope of interest Development of agriculture (rainfed and irrigated), economic plants, utilization of natural agroresources, animal husbandry

Research program
Locations Northern and western China, including Shaanxi, Shanxi, Gansu, Ningxia, Qinghai, Inner Mongolia, Tibet Autonomous Region
Subjects (1) Semiarid areas: adjustment of agricultural structures, surveys of natural resources, and economic development. control, and exploitation of Loess Plateau; (2) Arid and semiarid areas: Animal production, grassland construction, land-grain-populationenvironmeet, ancient Chinese drought-resistant techniques, water resources and irrigation, fruit tree resources, genesis and mitigation of semiaridity and aridity, water physiology in arid land crops, breeding and selection of drought-resistant crop varieties
Status Ongoing
Findings Completion of surveys and preliminary zonification in arid and semiarid areas, research and development of traits to combine biology with economics in regional strains of cattle and sheep, comprehensive techniques for increasing production of rainfed agriculture in North China, research on the optimal pattern for comprehensive control of soil and water on the Loess Plateau, studies of the agroecosystem and its control, rainfall production potential of crops, and ways to use rainfall on the Loess Plateau in northwest China

Internal Organization
Chief official Prof. Jin Jahai (plant physiology), Director; Prof. Hao Maidao (animal husbandry), Deputy Director; Associate Professor Wang Hui (agronomy), Deputy Director; Professor Wang Lixiang (agronomy), Deputy Director
Divisions Laboratories for studying ( 1 ) arid and semiarid agriculture, (2) agricultural resources and environment in arid areas, (3) water physiology and drought resistance of arid land crops, (4) water-saving irrigation in arid areas; (5) information research section on arid and semiarid areas; (6) editorial committee of Agricultural Research in the Arid Areas
Professional staff 50

Office 600 mē office, artifical climate laboratory, soil testing laboratory
Library Collection of 2,000 technical books, journals, periodicals, articles on rainfed and irrigated farms in the Research Center; catalog is being computerized in the University library
Subcenters Experimental stations for rainfed agriculture, irrigated agriculture, and comprehensive control and exploitation of the Loess Plateau
Exchange Facilities Campus housing and laboratory Facilities available for visiting scientists for joint research

Serials Agricultural Research in the Arid Areas (quarterly, with English abstracts, exchanged internally and externally), Domestic Animal Ecology (quarterly)
Other Production Techniques of the Rainfed Agriculture in North China (series, vol. 18), Dryland Farming Science
Publications list Available

Preparatory work for the Research and Technical Training Center for the Arid and Semiarid areas approved by Ministry in 1980 and funded by World Bank; obtained present name in 1984