Strategic grain reserves - Guidelines for their establishment, management and operation. (FAO Agricultural Services Bulletin - 126)

Table of Contents

by John Lynton-Evans

Marketing and Rural Finance Service
FAO Agricultural Support Systems Division

FAO - Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Rome, 1997

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Table of Contents




Section one - Introduction


Section two - Policy and strategy considerations

From regulated to free markets
The role of strategic grain reserves

Coping with food emergencies
Price stabilisation
Loan operations

Section three - Establishment of a strategic grain reserve

Management information systems

Crop production forecasts
Market information systems
Early warning systems


Management of the reserve

Management structure and staffing

Size of reserve

Composition of the reserve

Physical stocks
Combination of physical stock with a cash component

Location of the reserve

Establishment of the reserve

Purchase of grain
Food aid

Financing the reserve

Section four - Operations

The need for operational procedures
Stock maintenance and quality control



Appendix 1 - Weekly market bulletin

Appendix 2 - Using risk management in grain trade: Implications for developing countries

Appendix 3 - Extracts from procedural manual prepared for food security unit Ethiopia

Procedure for authorising the release of grain from the reserve to meet a food emergency
Procedure for the receipt of grain into the EFSR
Procedure for the issue of grain from the EFSR

Appendix 4 - Modalities for the sale of designated commodities by the food reserve agency (FRA)

Appendix 5 - The food reserve act, 1995

Arrangement of sections
Schedule administration of agency
Government of Zambia act no. 12 of 1995

Part I - Preliminary
Part II - The food reserve agency
Part III - The national food reserve
PART IV - Market information system for designated commodities
PART V - Weighing and grading standards for designated commodities
PART VI - Registration of traders and processors
PART VII - National food emergency

Schedule - (Section 3(2))

PART I - Administration of agency
PART II - Financial provisions

FAO technical papers