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Appendix 1a: Street traders and gatherers questionnaire

A. POPULARITY

Growing medicinal plants for the market requires that a grower have some understanding of the demand for plants. A farmer will produce plants that he or she knows will be easy to sell. We need to find out how large the demand is for certain medicinal plants. If you think that there are other plants that are important as they are becoming scarce, then add them to this list.

1. Which medicinal plants have you sold the most of in the last year? This is the number of times that the plant has been sold. (Tick only).

Name of medicinal plant

High sales

Moderate sales

Low sales

Isibhaha




Indungulo, Isiphephetho




Igibisila




Umathunga




Unukani




Ikhathazo




Umlahleni




Inguduza




Umathithibala








2. Have the sales of these medicinal plants changed or not in the last five years?

Name of medicinal plant

Increased

Decreased

The same

Isibhaha




Indungulo, Isiphephetho




Igibisila




Umathunga




Unukani




Ikhathazo




Umlahleni




Inguduza




Umathithibala








3. Please give reasons why you think there have been changes.





4. Which times of the year do people ask for these medicinal plants the most?

Name

Spring

Summer

Autumn

Winter

Isibhaha





Indungulo, Isiphephetho





Igibisila





Umathunga





Unukani





Ikhathazo





Umlahleni





Inguduza





Umathithibala










5. Why would you say the medicinal plants are sold in certain seasons?

Name

When plant can be found

Time when illness is common

Harvesting ritual

Other reasons

Isibhaha





Indungulo, Isiphephetho





Igibisila





Umathunga





Unukani





Ikhathazo





Umlahleni





Inguduza





Umathithibala










B. USAGE

A farmer must have some idea how many plants he or she can sell to the market every year. We therefore need to get some indication of how many medicinal plants were sold in the market in the last year.

6. What unit of measure do you use for selling the medicinal plants?

Name

Unit (cup, handful, etc)

Isibhaha


Indungulo, Isiphephetho


Igibisila


Umathunga


Unukani


Ikhathazo


Umlahleni


Inguduza


Umathithibala




7. How often do you sell these medicinal plants in a month?

Name

Number of times a month

Isibhaha


Indungulo, Isiphephetho


Igibisila


Umathunga


Unukani


Ikhathazo


Umlahleni


Inguduza


Umathithibala




8. How long can you keep the medicinal plants before they loose their healing properties?

Name

Shelf life (months, etc)

Isibhaha


Indungulo, Isiphephetho


Igibisila


Umathunga


Unukani


Ikhathazo


Umlahleni


Inguduza


Umathithibala




9. Where do you buy or collect these medicinal plants? (The name of the place)

Name

Buy

Collect

Place

Isibhaha




Indungulo, Isiphephetho




Igibisila




Umathunga




Unukani




Ikhathazo




Umlahleni




Inguduza




Umathithibala








10. How often do you collect or buy these plants per month?

Name

Buy/collect per month (sack, checkers)

Isibhaha


Indungulo, Isiphephetho


Igibisila


Umathunga


Unukani


Ikhathazo


Umlahleni


Inguduza


Umathithibala




11. What costs other than buying plants have you had to pay in order to market your plants?

Costs

Amount per day/week

Travel


Rent


Assistance


Security








12. Which medicinal plants are regularly requested by the same customers? Do some customers regularly ask for the same plants?

Name

Regular Customers

Customers not regular

Isibhaha



Indungulo, Isiphephetho



Igibisila



Umathunga



Unukani



Ikhathazo



Umlahleni



Inguduza



Umathithibala






13. Where do most of your customers come from?

1. Within town
2. From other provinces
3. From out of town
4. Do not know

14. Are your customers concerned about price?

1. Do they bargain with you
2. Do they accept your prices
3. Do they leave if your prices are too high for them

15. Would you say customers are concerned about quality?

1. Not concerned
2. Do not know
3. Very concerned

16. Are your customers (tick the appropriate block):

Male

[ ]

female

[ ]

Well dressed

[ ]

poorly dressed

[ ]

Literate

[ ]

illiterate

[ ]

Speak English

[ ]

don't speak English

[ ]

Poor

[ ]

wealthy

[ ]

17. How do you package the medicinal plants you sell?

18. How many sacks or checkers do you sell a week? If it is not know, then ask how much Is transported to the market every week?

Sacks

[ ]

Checkers

[ ]

19. Do you throw medicinal plants away?

1. No
2. Yes How many checkers per week [ ]

20. Do you know other places to sell medicinal plants?

1. Yes
2. No

21. What do you do to ensure that there are plants for you to harvest in the future?
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C. PRICES AND SEASONAL VARIATIONS

If medicinal plants are going to be grown for the market, then farmers need to have some understanding of their prices and variations that can be expected in the market. To determine whether growing these plants will be profitable or not, we need to compare the costs of producing the plants and the prices that may be received in various places within the market. For example, a farmer would need to know what prices could be expected at different times of the year, in different regions, and from different buyers.

22. What are your selling prices for the medicinal plants listed below?

Name

Unit

Price

Isibhaha



Indungulo, Isiphephetho



Igibisila



Umathunga



Unukani



Ikhathazo



Umlahleni



Inguduza



Umathithibala






23. Can you recall how the number of plants have changed in recent years? How much did time did you take to collect a sack of medicinal plants in 1985, 1990, and in 1995? (Remember to quote the time for the same size sack.)

Name

Unit

Time in 1995

Time in 1990

Time in 1985

Isibhaha





Indungulo, Isiphephetho





Igibisila





Umathunga





Unukani





Ikhathazo





Umlahleni





Inguduza





Umathithibala










24. Are you having to move to new areas to collect your medicinal plants? Please fill in the place names.

Name

Same areas

Use new areas

Isibhaha



Indungulo, Isiphephetho



Igibisila



Umathunga



Unukani



Ikhathazo



Umlahleni



Inguduza



Umathithibala






D. INFORMATION ON CULTIVATION OF MEDICINAL PLANTS

An important factor in the marketing of medicinal plants are the attitudes which users will have towards cultivated plants. We need to understand how traders, traditional healers and other users feel about cultivated plants to assess the potential for cultivating these plants.

25. If these medicinal plants were grown by local farmers, would you buy them or not?

Name

Buy them

Not buy them

Isibhaha



Indungulo, Isiphephetho



Igibisila



Umathunga



Unukani



Ikhathazo



Umlahleni



Inguduza



Umathithibala






26. If you answered 'not buy them' to any of the plants above, please explain why?




27. How would you recognise a cultivated medicinal plant compared to a plant that has been harvested from the bush?



28. If these medicinal plants could be farmed, would you grow them or not?

Name

Grow them

Not grow them

Isibhaha



Indungulo, Isiphephetho



Igibisila



Umathunga



Unukani



Ikhathazo



Umlahleni



Inguduza



Umathithibala






29. What do you think are the most important reasons reducing the availability of medicinal plants?



30. What do you think are the most important reasons for growing or not growing medicinal plants?



31. What would you do if certain wild plants can no longer be found in the bush?




32. Why do you sell here? Choose the most important reason.

1. There are lots of people passing through
2. The prices people pay are higher here
3. It is easy for me to travel to here
4. I know the other traders here
5. Nobody bothers me when I trade here
6. Other reason

33. What would help you run your business better?

1. More information on how to run a business
2. An organisation to help you improve your business
3. Easier access to credit to help you run your business

34. For improving your well being as a street trader, rank the following resources (1 being the most important - 2 less important and so on).

Building for storage

[ ]

Building for selling

[ ]

Accommodation

[ ]

A traders organisation

[ ]

Other reason

[ ]

35. Which of the age categories do you belong to?

1.

15-25

2.

26-35

3.

36-45

4.

46-55

5.

56-65

6.

66+

36. What is the traders:

Age

[ ]

Gender

[ ]

37. What amount of money best describes your income per week from trading in medicinal plants?

1. Less than R50 per week
2. R50 per week
3. R100 per week
4. R150 per week
5. R200 per week
6. R250 per week
7. R300 per week
8. R400 per week
9. R500 per week
10. More than R500 per week

38. How many people help you trade here on the street?

39. How many people gather plants for you to sell here?

40. What educational levels have you got?

1. No schooling
2. Attended junior school
3. Completed standard 8
4. Completed standard 10
5. Completed a diploma or degree

41. Where is your home?


42. Where do you stay if you do not go home at night?



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