Beekeeping in Asia


Table of contents


FAO Agricultural Services Bulletin 68/4
Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations
Rome, 1990

by
Pongthep Akratanakul
Bee Research Laboratory
Department of Entomology
Kasetsart University
Kamphaeng Saen, Nakhon Pathom
Thailand

The designations employed and the presentation of material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization off the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country territory, city or area or of its authorities. or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries

M-24
ISBN 92-5-102518-5

All rights reserved
No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, transmitted in any from or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying or otherwise, with he prior permission of the copyright owner Applications for such permission, with a statement the purpose and extent of the reproduction, should be addressed to the Director. Publication Division, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Via delle Terme di Caracalla 00100 Rome Italy

FAO 1987


Contents

Foreword

Chapter 1 Honeybees of the genus apis

A. The dwarf honeybee Apis florea
B. The giant honeybee Apis dorsata
C. The oriental honeybee Apis cerana
D. The common, or european, honeybee Apis mellifera
E. Honeybee species kept by man

Chapter 2 Honeybee biology

A. Colony members
B. Development of the honeybee
C. Colony growth cycle; swarming
D. Colony defence
E. Foraging
F. Temperature regulation
G. Communication and recruitment to crops

Chapter 3 Bee forage and floral calendars

A. Honey plants and pollen plants
B. Floral calendars
C. Assessment of areas for beekeeping

Chapter 4 Beekeeping with oriental honeybees (Apis cerana)

A. Hive types
B. Obtaining colonies
C. Colony management
D. Colony propagation
E. Bee pests and diseases

Chapter 5 beekeeping with the common (european) honeybee (Apis mellifera)

A. Beekeeping equipment
B. Obtaining colonies of Apis mellifera
C. Colony location
D. Colony management

Chapter 6 Bee pests and diseases

A. Bee mites
B. Hornets
C. Microbial diseases

Chapter 7 Pesticides and beekeeping

A. Bee-poisoning symptoms
B. Relative toxicity of pesticides

Chapter 8 Honeybees and crop pollination

Bibliography