Previous PageTable Of Contents


Gender issues in the fisheries sector and effective participation


Gender issues in the fisheries sector and effective participation

by Isatou Touray

Gender Trainer

Management Development Institute

INTRODUCTION

A closer look at community involvement towards maintaining society has revealed distinct roles and responsibilities as played by male and female members of the community. The debate goes on that the women's rights, privileges and opportunities in society are suppressed or marginalised in many communities including in The Gambia. Consciousness and analysis about the distinct roles played by male and female members of the community has aroused concern and it is generally agreed that women in the Gambia, like in many other places, occupy an inferior position in society and that a heavy burden has been placed on them in comparison with men counterparts. Quite often the position of women has been described as subservient.

Several factors seem to contribute to the inferior position and suppressed rights and privileges of women in society. Tradition and culture, social and religious norms and values; political and economic factors all contribute to the lowering of the status of women in society and contribute to the form of dominance to which women are subjected to. They tend to separate roles and responsibilities for men and women in society and hence bar women from sharing equal rights, opportunities, and privileges and prevent them from effectively participating, equally with their men counterparts in the sustainable development of the community. These have also given rise to restrictions in the levels and degrees of participation by women members of the community and they suppress the ideas and potentials of women.

Statistics have shown that women generally work for long hours: 16 to 18 hours per day; that they are highly active in the productive sector of the economy and generally shoulder virtually all the domestic work in the house. They occupy strategic positions in the food production processes for the populations, engaging in crop farming, food processing, marketing and distribution often with crude tools and limited facilities that take longer time to accomplish work.

In traditional Gambian society, women are obliged to take care of the family; feed them, cloth them, train and educate them regardless of their men counterpart's contribution. They bear the moral obligation of doing all the domestic work of cooking, washing, cleaning, sweeping, fetching water and the fuelwood they use in cooking etc... with hardly any men participation. In rural areas women carry out these activities in addition to their farming and food production activities and often before or after the day's busy schedule and hard work. Despite the numerous tasks and responsibilities and the important role women play in society, their rights and freedoms are often segregated. They continue to play very significant roles in the socio-economic development of society and the state. However, women occupy lowest ranks in terms of educational and training opportunities and privileges. They have often been deprived of the opportunity to contribute to decisions both about the home and about development issues because of their inferior positions in society.

The principle nowadays in development strategies is community participation and the trend is participatory approach to development. The principle of the participatory approach to development has recorded tremendous impact but has raised deep concern over the degrees and opportunities accorded to gender equality, involvement and participation, especially in the face of the division of roles and responsibilities and the segregation or negligence of women. Although they form a crucial link in the upkeep of society, they have often been left out in major decisions concerning development planning.

In the fisheries sector of The Gambia, gender roles are a prominent feature both in terms of involvement and participation. Involvement may be considered to be acts of engagement in activities of the sector for employment or socio-economic gains. For example, men are involved in fishing, fish processing and marketing activities. Women on the other hand are predominantly involved in post-harvest activities.

Participation on the other hand, and in simple terms requires active involvement in the decision making process and having a major say in the prioritisation of development activities and programmes. It also entails taking part in implementation of the decisions and actions, and benefiting from the results.

Gender issues and participation in the fisheries sector can therefore be viewed from the perspective of gender roles and involvement in development activities of the sector.

GENDER PARTICIPATION AND INVOLVEMENT IN THE FISHERIES SECTOR

In the coastal areas and in many villages along the river banks, women are deeply involved in artisanal fisheries activities. These activities include unloading of fish from landing canoes, fish processing and fish marketing that form the link between production and consumption. Women constitute about half the population actively involved in fisheries development activities, programmes and projects. However, fisheries development projects and programmes are often biased towards men and the involvement of women in planning and programming is very limited. Fisheries policies and programmes addressing the specific issues of women are virtually nonexistent.

The educational status of women in the fisheries sector compared to men is inferior and women do not have special programmes for their training in technological improvements. They do not have access to credit and finance and enjoy limited attention in terms of expansion of their activities.

Active participation in the fisheries sector requires the empowerment of fisherfolks. It demands motivation, active involvement and organisation Active participation demands that fisherfolk who are the ultimate beneficiaries of programmes participate in determining their needs and priorities and contribute to sustainability of actions and initiatives. This requires that beneficiaries are organised and form an integral part of the information gathering system. However, women are not fully involved in decision making processes and their level of organisation and response to their needs are limited.

Hence the emancipation of women in the fisheries sector in terms of freely expressing their needs and aspirations and effectively shaping their future is yet to be realised.

Despite their involvement in activities of the sector, women's operations are often small-scale and their incomes small as compared to their men counterparts. They face various constraints, suffering apart from credit and finance problems and training, inadequate markets and transport problems. Compared to their men counterparts, women do not have access to distant markets. The simple reason here is that most women are not allowed by their husbands to travel far to trade their products. Hence they lag behind in the equitable distribution of incomes.

ROLE OF WOMEN IN FISHERIES

Although fishing is predominantly the role of men in the Gambia, women have a central and crucial role in the fisheries sector of The Gambia. In the industrial fisheries they predominate the processing lines of fishing companies, working on shift duties either permanently or providing casual labour during peak production periods.

In the artisanal fisheries sector, women occupy the post-harvest sector by forming the link between fish capture and consumption. Their involvement in the artisanal fisheries can be viewed as falling under the following categories of activity area: unloading of fish from fishing canoes when they land (fish unloaders), marketing of the catch. fish processing (fish smoking and drying) and fish and fish products marketing.

In coastal fishing communities, many women are in addition to fisheries activities, also separately engaged in vegetable gardening or farming. They could also at times engage in various other economic activities such as retail trading in various food commodities, tailoring, soap making and other income generating activities to augment the family income, particularly during periods of low fish catches.

Although women may finance both fishermen's fishing materials and fishing trips, very seldomly do they own fishing canoes in the Gambia or go out fishing. However, some go out along the river banks and streams, in small, paddle powered canoes to harvest wild oysters. These women have never received any technological education or improvement as do fishermen. They also engage in small scale seasonal harvesting of other bivalve species including clamps and cockles. The processing of these is labour intensive and time consuming but no measure has ever been taken to simplify it.

Like many of their other women counterparts in other parts of West Africa. Gambian women fisherfolk live in the same harsh conditions of the fishing communities where they bear the burden of household management, create value on their own and contribute either directly, or indirectly to the process of development.

It is sad that with all the roles and responsibilities women shoulder within the fishing communities, their relative levels of education and participation in decision-making in society is still low, as customs still retard the progress of women emancipation.

In common with their fellow West African counterparts women in the fisheries sector have their own independent business activities that allow them to look after their own needs and those of their children and the household in general.

Ingredients for the daily food are often provided by women. They pay school fees and medical expenses and contribute in other family matters. In general, women in fishing communities have to rely on themselves As a result, they engage in various economic and income generating activities either personally or in association with other women, seasonally or full-time to supplement incomes. Proceeds from the sale of fish provide women with cash to buy other ingredients.

WOMEN FISH SMOKERS

Women fish smokers are generally specialized in smoking bonga, catfish, and more recently sharks, skates and rays for marketing in urban markets such as Banjul and Serrekunda for immediate consumption. Their operations are often labour intensive and characterised by small-scale direct marketing and low profit margins.

Fish is smoked on private ovens in the home or on community fisheries centre improved chorkor or traditional ovens. Apart from those operating in community fisheries centres, smoking facilities and techniques are generally poor and do not receive assistance for improvement.

Various age groups are involved in the activity ranging from 16 year olds to over 50. A particular case is a woman of 45 years who smokes catfish to sell in an urban market. She has been doing this operation for over 15 years as the major source of income for the upkeep of the family. She is assisted by one of her daughters and they operate on a daily basis working each day of the week except on occasions of social obligations. The woman or daughter arrives at the beach traveling on public transport or private taxi vehicles each day at about 10 a.m. in time to catch the early landing boats. She purchases catfish on which she is specialised and small quantities of sharks, skates and rays from canoes as a regular client. Fish bought are quickly prepared and smoked. Processing time is long and the high density of smoke emitted pose a health risk.

On the average, one woman processes approximately 40 kilogrammes of fish per day, earns about D70-80/day and earns from D1200-1600/month. With this kind of monthly earning, she ranks with middle level government civil servants and has a comfortable purchasing power. She pays the school fees of her children and takes care of other family upkeep, including clothing, medical bills etc. When she wants to expand her operations, she is confronted with credit and transport problems.

Another woman processes bonga, which is a lower value and abundant pelagic fish smoked by a larger number of operators. She is married with a family of 3 children. She buys fresh bonga in bulk (by the pan of 15-25 kg weight) to process at home. Like her contemporary catfish smoker, she does this daily, but unlike her, she makes an average daily earning of D25.00/day as profit and earns about D750.00 per month. With this money, she supplements the family income, contributes to buying food, clothing, and spends on her two children in school.

Although smoking ovens may be technically satisfactory, excessive smoke is a potential health risk that creates respiratory and eye problems for the smokers. In view of the potential health risks, some women have vowed not to encourage their daughters to take up fish smoking as a profession - an indication of the difficult circumstances she faces.

The problem is increased at market level when they encounter price fluctuations on their products. Despite that they take responsibility for the daily subsistence needs of their families. This drastically depletes their working capital at the end of the day.

Due to lack of sufficient to operate their enterprise, and in order to maximise potentials, women in major community fisheries centres have initiated associations ("kafos") in which funds are raised through self help initiatives to solve their problems. However, the intervention of government and donor agencies, as efforts geared towards alleviating this problem is welcomed by women.

FISH UNLOADERS

The unloaders ("Dunilaas") are women engaged in the unloading of the day's catch from canoes. Wading through the water they carry fish from canoes in the water to the beach or fish smoking huts. These women include some very unfortunate school drop-outs who are engaged in the activity to satisfy their basic needs.

Most of the "dunilaas" are paid in kind i.e a number of fish ranging from two to six for every pan carried depending on the catch. The fish is marketed for cash or processed afterwards by smoking or drying. They sell either at the beach or carry them to nearby village or town markets. This way they make earnings to take care of themselves and the family. Often their entire income goes into feeding the family and solving other basic necessities. Their day's income is normally exhausted by the day's expenditure. Therefore, many of them are engaged in other income generating activities including gardening, petty trading, farming to supplement incomes.

FISH DRYERS

Fish dryers also form an important link in the post-harvest sector. They transform fish that would otherwise be thrown away and waste into useful products. However, they are also faced with the same problems of technology, finance for expansion and transport, and markets to profitably dispose their products.

GENDER CONCERNS OF THE FISHERIES SECTOR FOR MORE EFFECTIVE PARTICIPATION

The concern now in development issues is the emancipation of women, and their involvement as partners in development strategy.

However, this will require proper organisation and involvement in the decisions about the identification of their needs, aspirations and in the search for solutions and improvements of their socio-economic activities and programmes for sustainability Equal access to strategic resources, finance and improved technology is vital.

The emancipation of women in fisheries, like in most other sectors, will require looking into the issues of means of production, gender relationships and positions to create equalities, development strategies and policy treatment, organisations, institutionalised credit and finance systems, all to be centred around the sustainability of actions and initiatives in the sector.

LISTE DES RAPPORTS DIPA - LIST OF IDAF REPORT

I. Documents techniques / Technical documents

De Graauw. M.A., 1985 Etude de préfactibilité technique de l'aménagement d'abris pour la pêche maritime artisanale au Bénin. Cotonou, Projet DIPA. 55p., DIPA/WP/1.

Black Michaud, M.J., 1985 Mission d'identification des communautés littorales de pêcheurs artisans au Bénin. Cotonou, Projet DIPA, 24p., DIPA/WP/2.

Gulbrandsen, O.A., 1985 Preliminary account of attempts to introduce alternative types of small craft into West Africa. Cotonou, IDAF Project, 51p., IDAF/WP/3.

Gulbrandsen, O.A., 1985 Un compte-rendu préliminaire sur les tentatives d'introduire des types alternatifs de petites embarcations en Afrique de l'Ouest. Cotonou, Projet DIPA, 53p., DIPA/WP/3.

Jorion, P.J.M., 1985 The influence of socio-economic and culturel structures on small-scale coastal fisheries development in Bénin. Cotonou, IDAF Project, 59p., IDAF/WP/4.

Jorion, P.J.M., 1985 L'influence des structures socio-économiques sur le développement des pêches artisanales sur les côtes du Bénin. Cotonou, Projet DIPA, 59p., DIPA/WP/4.

Tandberg, A., 1986 Preliminary assessment of the nutritional situation of subsistence fishermen's familles. Cotonou, IDAF Project, 31p., IDAF/WP/5.

Wijkstrom. O., 1986 Recyclage des personnels pêche en gestion et comptabilité. Cotonou. Projet DIPA, 25p.. DIPA/WP/G.

Collart, A., 1986 Development planning for small-scale fisheries in West Africa, practical and socio-economic aspects of fish production and processing. Cotonou, IDAF Project, 34p.. IDAF/WP/7.

Collart, A., 1986 Planification du développement des pêches artisanales en Afrique de l'Ouest; production et traitement du poisson, ses aspects matériels, techniques et socio-économiques. Cotonou, Projet DIPA, 67p., DIPA/WP/7.

Van der Meeren, A.J.L., 1986 Socio-economic aspects of integrated fisheries development in rural fishing villages. Cotonou, IDAF Project, 29p., IDAF/WP/8.

Haling, L.J., 1986 et O. Wijkstrorm, Les disponibilités en matériel pour la pêche artisanale. Cotonou, Projet DIPA, 47p., DIPA/WP/9.

Akester, S.J., 1986 Design and trial of sailing rigs for artisanal fisheries of Sierra Leone. Cotonou, IDAF Project, 31p., IDAF/WP/10.

Vétillart, R., 1986 Rapport détude préliminarie sur l'aménagement d'un abri pour la pêche maritime artisanale à Cotonou. Cotonou, Projet DIPA, 31p., DIPA/WP/11.

Van Hoof, L., 1986 Small-scale fish production and marketing in Shenge, Sierra Leone. Cotonou, IDAF Project, 36p., IDAF/WP/12.

Everett, G.V., 1986 An outline of West African small-scale fisheries. Cotonou, IDAF Project, 32p., IDAF/ WP/ 13.

Anon., 1987 Report of the second IDAF liaison officers meeting; Freetown, Sierra Leone (11 - 14 November 1986). Cotonou, IDAF Project, 66p., IDAF/WP/15.

Anon., 1987 Compte-rendu de la deuxième réunion des officiers de liaison du DIPA. Cotonou, Projet DIPA, 27p., DIPA/WP/16.

Campbell, R.J., 1987 Report of the preparatory technical meeting on propulsion in fishing canoes in West Africa (Freetown 15- 18 November 1986). Cotonou, IDAF Project, 88 p., IDAF/WP/17.

Davy, D.B., 1987 Seamanship, Sailing and Motorisation. Cotonou IDAF Project, 85p., IDAF/WP/18

Anum-Doyi, B., and J. Wood, 1988 Observations on fishing methods in West Africa. Cotonou, IDAF Project, 53p., IDAF/WP/19

Anon., 1988 Report of the third IDAF liaison officers meeting (Cotonou, 2 - 4 December 1987). Cotonou, IDAF Project, 88p., IDAF/WP/20.

Anon., 1988 Compte-rendu de la troisième réunion des officiers de liaison du DIPA (2-4 Décembre 1987). Cotonou, Projet DIPA, 85p., DIPA/WP/20.

Haakonsen, J.M. (Ed.) 1988 Recent developments of the artisanal fisheries in Ghana. Cotonou, IDAF Project, 69p., IDAF/WP/21.

Everett, G.V., 1988 West African marine artisanal fisheries. Cotonou, IDAF Project, 41p., IDAF/WP/22.

Everett, G.V., 1988 Les pêches maritimes artisanales en Afrique de l'Ouest. Cotonou, Projet DIPA, 44p., DIPA/WP/22.

Coaekley, A. D. R., 1989 Observations on small fishing craft development in West Africa. Cotonou, IDAF Project, 22p., IDAF/WP/23.

Zinsou, J. et W. Wentholt, 1989 Guide pratique pour la construction et l'introduction du fumoir "chorkor". Cotonou, Projet DIPA, 33p., DIPA/WP/24.

Zinsou, J. and W. Wentholt, 1989 A practical guide to the construction and introduction of the chorkor smoker. Cotonou, IDAF Project, 29p., IDAF/WP/24.

Chauveau, J.P. F. Verdeaux E. Charles-Dominique et J.M. Haakonsen, 1989 Bibliographie sur les communautés de pêcheurs d'Afrique de l'Ouest - Bibliography on the fishing communities in West Africa. Cotonou, Project DIPA - IDAF Project, 220p., DIPA-IDAF/WP/25.

Everett, G.V. 1989 Small-scale fisheries development issues in West Africa. Cotonou, IDAF Project, 47p., IDAF/WP/26.

Everett, G.V., 1989 Problèmes de développement de la pêche artisanale en Afrique de l'Ouest. Cotonou, Projet DIPA, 49p., DIPA/WP/26.

Haakonsen, J.M., 1989 et W. Wentholt, La pêche lacustre au Gabon. Cotonou, Projet DIPA, 36p., DIPA/WP/27.

Anon., 1990 Report of the ad hoc technical meeting on artisanal fisheries craft, propulsion, gear and security in the IDAF region, Cotonou, 25 - 26 September 1989. Cotonou, IDAF Project 111p., IDAF/WP/28

Anon., 1990 Report of the fourth IDAF liaison officers meeting (Dakar, 21 - 23 November 1989). Cotonou, IDAF Project, 135p., IDAF/WP/29.

Anon, 1990 Compte-rendu de la quatrième réunion des officiers de liaison du DIPA. Cotonou, Projet DIPA, 121 p., DIPA/WP/29.

Houndékon, B.R., 1990 D.E. Tempelman and A.M. IJff, Report of round table meeting on women's activities and community development in artisanal fisheries (projects) in West Africa. Cotonou, IDAF Project, 12p.+ annexes, IDAF/WP/30.

Houndékon, B.R., D.E. Tempelman et A.M. IJff, 1990 Rapport du séminaire sur les activités féminines et le développement communautaire dans les projets de pêches artisanales en Afrique de l'Ouest Cotonou, Projet DIPA, 14p. + annexes, DIPA/WP/30.

IJff, A.M., 1990 Socio-economic conditions in Nigerian fishing communities. Based on studies along the Benin and Imo river estuaries. Cotonou, IDAF Project, 113p., IDAF/WP/31.

Okpanefe, M.O., 1991 A. Abiodun and J.M. Haakonsen, The fishing communities of the Benin River estuary area: Results from a village survey in Bendel State, Nigeria. Cotonou, IDAF Project, 75p., IDAF/WP/32.

Anon., 1991 Compte-rendu du cours "Analyse Quantitative des Aspects Sélectionnés de Développement". Cotonou, Projet DIPA, 6 + xlvi p., DIPA/WP/33.

Anon., 1991 Report of the course on "Quantitative Analysis of Selected Aspects of Fisheries Development". Cotonou, IDAF Project, 6 + xlv p., IDAF/WP/33.

Callerholm Cassel, E., 1991 Cost and Earnings and Credit Studies on Ghanaian Canoe Fisheries. Cotonou, IDAF Project, 38p., IDAF/WP/34.

Sheves, G.T., 1991 The Ghanaian dug-out canoe and the canoe carving industry in Ghana. Cotonou, IDAF Project, 109p., IDAF/WP/35.

Haakonsen, J.M. and Chimère Diaw, 1991 Fishermen's Migrations in West Africa. Cotonou, IDAF Project, 293p., DIPA/WP/36.

Haakonsen, J.M. et Chimère Diaw, 1991 Migration des Pêcheurs en Afrique de l'Ouest. Cotonou, Projet DIPA, 332p., DIPA/WP/36.

Gulbrandsen, O.A., 1991 Canoes in Ghana. Cotonou, IDAF Project, 82p., IDAF/WP/37.

Anon., 1991 Artisanal Fisheries in West Africa, Report of the Fifth IDAF Liaison Officers Meeting. Cotonou, IDAF Project, 140p., IDAF/WP/38.

Anon., 1991 Les pêches Artisanales en Afrique de l'Ouest, Compte-rendu de la Cinquième réunion des Officiers de Liaison du DIPA. Cotonou, Projet DIPA, 122p., DIPA/WP/38.

Beare R.J. and P. Tanimomo, 1991 Purse saine and encircling net fishing operations in Senegal, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Ghana and Benin. Cotonou, IDAF Project, 92p., IDAF/WP/39.

Everett. G.V. and G.T. Sheves, 1991 Recent trends in artisanal fisheries and report on alternatives to canoes. Cotonou, IDAF project, 33p., IDAF/WP/40.

Callerholm Cassel, E. and A.M. Jallow, 1991 Report of a socio-economic survey of the artisanal fisheries along the atlantic coast in The Gambia. Cotonou, IDAF project, 97p., IDAF/WP/41.

Chimère Diaw, M. et Jan M. Haakonsen, 1992 Rapport du séminaire sur les migrations de pêcheurs artisans en Afrique de l'Ouest. Cotonou, projet DIPA, 36p., DIPA/WP/42.

Chimère Diaw, M. and Jan M. Haakonsen, 1992 Report on the regional seminar on artisanal fishermen's migrations in West Africa. Cotonou, IDAF project, 35p., IDAF/WP/42.

Houndékon, B. et L. Affoyon, 1993 Rapport du séminaire-atelier de sensibilisation sur la méthode accélérée de recherche participative tenu à Libreville Gabon en Novembre 1992. Cotonou, Projet DIPA, 56p., DIPA/WP/43.

Anon., 1993 Rapport de la sixième réunion des fonctionnaires de liaison Banjul, Gambie I - 5 février 1993. Cotonou, Projet DIPA, 57p., DIPA/WP/44.

Anon., 1993 Report of the sixth IDAF liaison officers meeting Banjul, Gambia 1 - 5 February 1993. Cotonou, IDAF Project, 60p., IDAF/WP/44.

Horemans, B. and Satia B.P., (eds), 1993 Report of the Workshop on Fisherfolk Organisations in West Africa. Cotonou, IDAF Project, 93p., IDAF/WP/45.

Horemans, B. et Satia B.P., (éds), 1993 Rapport de l'atelier sur les organisations de pêcheurs en Afrique de l'Ouest. Cotonou, Projet DIPA, 102p., DIPA/WP/45.

Kébé, M., Gallène J. et Thiam D. 1993 Revue sectorielle de la pêche artisanale en Guinée Bissau. Programme dc Développement Intégré des Pêches Artisanales en Afrique de l'Ouest (DIPA), 32p. + annexes, DIPA/WP/46.

Kébé, M., Gallène J. et Thiam D. 1993 Revista sectorial da pesca artesanal na Guiné-Bissau Programa de Desenvolvimento Integrado dus Pescas Artesanais na Africa Ocidental. Cotonou DIPA, 32p. + anexos DIPA/WP/46

Horemans B., 1993 La situation de la pêche artisanale en Afrique de l'Ouest en 1992. Cotonou. Programme de Développement Intégré des Pêches Artisanales en Afrique de l'Ouest, 36p., DIPA/WP/47.

Kébé, M., Njock J.C. et Gallène J. 1993 Revue sectorielle de la pêche maritime au Cameroun. Programme de Développement Intégré des Pêches Artisanales en Afrique de l'Ouest (DIPA), 30p. + annexes, DIPA/WP/48.

Kébé, M., Njock, J.C. and Galléne, J. R., 1993 Sectoral review of marine artisanal fishery in Cameroon. Cotonou, IDAF Project 33p., IDAF/WP/48

Anon., 1993 Report of the Working Group on Artisanal Fisheries Statistics for the Western Gulf of Guinea, Nigeria and Cameroon. Cotonou, IDAF Project, 126p., IDAF/WP/49

Satia. B.P., 1993 Ten years of Integrated Development of Artisanal Fisheries in West Africa (Origin Evolution and Lessons Learned). Cotonou, IDAF Project, 37p., IDAF/WP/50

Satia, B.P., 1993 Dix ans de développement intégré des pêches artisanales en Afrique de l'Ouest (Origine, évolution et leçons apprises). Cotonou, Projet DIPA, 41p., DIPA/WP/50.

Stokholm, H. and Isebor C., 1993 The fishery of Ilisha africana in the coastal waters of Republic of Benin and Lagos State, Nigeria. Cotonou, IDAF Project, 81p., IDAF/WP/51.

Anon. 1993 Report of the Seventh IDAF Liaison Officers Meeting Cotonou, Benin, 22-24 November 1993. Cotonou, IDAF Project, 72p., IDAF/WP/52.

Anon., 1993 Rapport de la Septième Réunion des Fonctionnaires de Liaison, Cotonou, Bénin, 22-24 novembre 1993. Cotonou, Projet DIPA, 77p., DIPA/WP/52.

Satia B.P., 1993 and B. Horemans editors, Workshop on Conflicts in Coastal Fisheries in West Africa Cotonou, Benin, 24-26 November 1993. Cotonou, IDAF Project 64p., IDAF/WP/53.

Satia B.P., 1993 et B. Horemans (éds), Atelier sur les Conflits dans les Pêcheries Côtières en Afrique de l'Ouest, Cotonou, Bénin, 24-26 novembre 1993. Cotonou, Projet DIPA 68p., DIPA/WP/53.

Horemans, B., 1993 The situation of artisanal fisheries in West Africa in 1993. Programme for the Integrated Development of Artisanal Fisheries in West Africa, Cotonou, Bénin 39p., IDAF/WP/54.

Horemans B., 1994 La situation de la pêche artisanale en Afrique de l'Ouest en 1993. Cotonou Programme de Développement Intégré des Pêches Artisanales en Afrique de l'Ouest (DIPA), 40p. + annexes, DIPA/WP/54.

Horemans, B., J; Gallène et J.C. Njock, 1994 Revue sectorielle de la pêche artisanale à Sao Tomé et Principe. Programme de Développement Intégré des Pêches Artisanales en Afrique de l'Ouest (DIPA), 31p. + annexes, DIPA/WP/55.

Horemans, B., J. Gallène e J.-C. Njock, 1994 Revista sectoriel da pesca artesanal a São Tomé e Principe. Programa de Desenvolvimento Integrado dus Pescas Artesanais na África Ocidental (DIPA), 32p. + anexos, DIPA/WP/55.

Jul-Larsen, E., 1994 Migrant Fishermen in Pointe-Noire (Congo). Continuity and Continuons Change. Cotonou, Programme for the Integrated Development of Artisanal Fisheries in West Africa, 51p., IDAF/WP/56.

Jul-Larsen, E., 1994 Pêcheurs migrants à Pointe-Noire (Congo): Continuité et Changement Perpétuel. Cotonou, Projet DIPA, 59p., DIPA/WP/56.

Satia, B.P., and Hansen, L.S, 1994 Sustainability of Development and Management Actions in Two Community Fisheries Centres in The Gambia. Cotonou, IDAF Project, 48p., IDAF/WP/57

Satia. B.P, et Hansen L S. 1994 La durabilité des actions de développement et de gestion dans deux centres communautaires en Gambie. Cotonou, Projet DIPA, 50p., DIPA/WP/57

Heinbuch, U.. 1994 Animal Protein Sources for Rural and Urban Populations in Ghana. Cotonou, IDAF Project, 25p.+annex, IDAF/WP/58

Johnson J.P and Joachim Alpha Touré, 1994 Accidental Death and Destruction in Artisanal Canots: A retrospective study of the years 1989-1991 along the coast of Guinea (Conakry) West Africa. Cotonou, IDAF Project, 21p., IDAF/WP/59

Johnson J.P. et Joachim Alpha Touré, 1994 Mort Accidentelle et Destruction des Pirogues Artisanales: Une étude rétrospective des années 1989-1991 sur le littoral guinéen (Conakry) - Afrique de l'Ouest. Cotonou, Projet DIPA, 21p., DIPA/WP/59

Demuynck, K., 1994 and DETMAC Associates, The Participatory Rapid Appraisal on perceptions and pratices of fisherfolk on fishery resource management in an artisanal fishing community in Cameroon. Cotonou, IDAF Project, 32p., IDAF/WP/60

Demuynck K., 1995 et les associés de DETMAC, Méthode Accélérée de Recherche Participative sur les perceptions et pratiques des pêcheurs en matière de gestion des ressources halieutiques dans une communauté de pécha au Cameroun. Cotonou, Projet DIPA, 33p., DIPA/WP/60

Satia, B. P., J. P. Galléne, and F. Houéhou, 1995 Sub-regional Workshop on Artisanal Safety at Sea. Banjul, The Gambia 26-28 September 1994. Cotonou, IDAF Project, 57p., IDAF/WP/61

Satia, B.P., J.P. Gallène, et F. Houéhou, 1994 Rapport de l'atelier sous-régional sur la Sécurité en Mer de la pêche artisanale Banjul, Gambie 26-28 septembre 1994. Cotonou, Projet DIPA, 61p., DIPA/WP/61

Kamphorst, B . 1994 A socio-economic study on the distribution and marketing pattern of marine fish products in the Ndian division, South West Province, Republic of Cameroon. Cotonou IDAF Project, 41p., IDAF/WP/62

Kamphorst, B., 1994 Etude socio-économique du mode de distribution et de commercialisation des produits halieutiques du département de Ndian, Province du Sud-Ouest, République du Cameroun. Cotonou, Programme pour le Développement Intégré des Pêches Artisanales en Afrique de l'Ouest (DIPA), 42p., DIPA/WP/62

Heinbuch, U., 1994 Population and Development in Fishing Communities: The challenge ahead Cotonou, IDAF Project, 51p., IDAF/WP/63

Anon., 1994 Report of the Eighth IDAF Liaison officers Meeting. Pointe-Noire, Congo, 03-04 November 1994. Cotonou, Programme for the Integrated Development of Artisanal Fisheries in West Africa, 97p., IDAF/WP/64

Anon., 1994 Rapport de la Huitième Réunion des Fonctionnaires de Liaison, du DIPA. Pointe-Noire, Congo, 03-04 novembre 1994. Cotonou, Programme pour le Développement Intégré des Pêches Artisanales en Afrique de l'Ouest, 102p., DIPA/WP/64

Horemans, B., Kébé, M., and W. Odoi-Akersie, 1994 Working Group on capital needs and availability in artisanal fisheries methodology and lessons learned from case studios. Cotonou, IDAF Project, 62p., IDAF/WP/65

Horemans, B., Kébé, M., et W. Odoi-Akersie, 1994 Groupe de travail sur les besoins et la disponibilité en capital en pêche artisanale: méthodologie et leçons apprises des études de cas. Cotonou, Bénin, Programme Pour le Développement Intégré des Pêches Artisanales en Afrique de l'Ouest (DIPA), 62p., DIPA/WP/65

Teutscher F., Tall A., and Jallow A.M., 1995 Workshop on Seeking Improvements in Fish Technology in West Africa. Pointe-Noire, Congo, 7-9 November 1994. Cotonou, Bénin Programme for the Integrated Development of Artisanal Fisheries in West Africa, (IDAF) 75p., IDAF/WP/66.

Teutscher F. Tall A., et Jallow A.M, 1995 Rapport de l'Atelier sur le thème "A la Recherche des Améliorations en Technologie du Poisson en Afrique de l'Ouest". Pointe-Noire, Congo, 7-9 novembre 1994. Cotonou, Bénin Programme pour le Développement Intégré des Pêches Artisanales en Afrique de l'Ouest, (Dl-PA) 82p., DIPA/WP/66.

Kamphorst, B., 1995 A cost and earnings study at Cotonou harbour, Bénin for 1994. Cotonou, Bénin Programme for the Integrated Development of Artisanal Fisheries in West Africa (IDAF) 42p., IDAF/WP/67

Kamphorst, B., 1995 Etude de Coûts et Revenus au port de pêche de Cotonou, Bénin, Programme pour le Développement Intégré des Pêches Artisanales en Afrique de l'Ouest, (DIPA) 45p., DIPA/WP/67..

Kamphorst, B., et Teixeira, M., 1995 Caractéristiques socio-économiques de la pêche à Sao Tomé et Principe. Programme pour le Développement Intégré des Pêches Artisanales en Afrique de l'Ouest, (DIPA) Cotonou, Bénin 31p. DIPA/WP/68.

Kamphorst, B., e Teixeira, M., 1995 Caractensticas socio-económiques da pesca artesanal maritime em Sao Tomé e Principe Programa de Desenvolvimento Integrado dus Pescas Artesanais na Africa Ocidental. (DIPA) Cotonou Bénin 28p., IDAF/WP/68

Horemans, B., 1995 The situation of artisanal fisheries in West Africa in 1994. Programme for the Integrated Development of Artisanal Fisheries in West Africa, Cotonou, Bénin 40p., IDAF/WP/69.

Horemans, B., 1995 La situation de la pêche artisanale en Afrique de l'Ouest en 1994. Cotonou, Bénin Programme pour le Développement Intégré des Pêches Artisanales en Afrique de l'Ouest (DIPA), 38p. DIPA/WP/69.

Kébe, M., J-C. Njock, et J. Gallène, 1995 Revue sectorielle de la pêche artisanale maritime du Congo. Cotonou Bénin, Programme pour le Développement Intégré des Pêches Artisanales en Afrique de l'Ouest (DIPA) 37p., DIPA/WP/70.

Gallène. J P., 1995 Data Compendium on Safety, at Sea for Seven West African Countries. Mauritania Senegal The Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Sierra-Leone and Cape Verde 1991 - 1994. Cotonou, Programme for Integrated Development of Artisanal Fisheries in West Africa, 13p., IDAF/WP/71

Gallène, J.P., 1995 Compendium des Données sur la Sécurité en Mer dans Sept Pays d'Afrique de l'Ouest: Mauritanie, Sénégal, Gambie, Guinée-Bissau, Guinée, Sierra-Leone et Cap Vert 1991 1994. Cotonou, Programme pour le Développement Intégré des Pêches Artisanales en Afrique de l'Ouest, 15p., DIPA/WP/71.

Jallow A. M., 1995 Report of the First Meeting of the IDAF Working Group on Costs and Earnings in Artisanal Fisheries in West Africa, (Dakar, Senegal, 12 - 13 June 1995). Cotonou, Bénin, Programme for Integrated Development of Artisanal Fisheries in West Africa, 81p. IDAF/WP/72.

Jallow A.M., 1995 Rapport de la Première Réunion du Groupe de Travail du DIPA sur Coûts et Revenus en Pêche Artisanale en Afrique de l'Ouest, (Dakar, Senegal, 12 - 13 juin 1995). Cotonou, Bénin Programme pour le Développement Intégré des Pêches Artisanales en Afrique de l'Ouest, 82p., DIPA/WP/72.

Anon., 1995 Report of the Ninth IDAF Liaison Officers Meeting, Conakry, Guinea, 9-10 November 1995. Cotonou, Programme for Integrated Development of Artisanal Fisheries in West Africa 102p., IDAF/WP/73

Anon., 1995 Rapport de la Neuvième Réunion des Fonctionnaires de Liaison, Conakry, Guinée, 9- 10 novembre 1995. Cotonou, Programme pour le Développement Intégré des Pêches Artisanales en Afrique de l'Ouest, 112p. DIPA/WP/73.

Satia, B.P. and B.W. Horemans, 1995 Report of the Workshop on Participatory Approaches and Traditional Fishery Management Pratices in West Africa. Conakry, Guinea, 13-15 November 1995. Cotonou, Programme for the Integrated Development of Artisanal Fisheries in West Africa. 95p., IDAF/WP/74.

Satia, B.P. et B.W. Horemans, 1995 Rapport de l'Atelier sur les Approches Participatives et l'Aménagement Traditionnel des Pêches en Afrique de l'Ouest. Conakry, Guinée, 13- 15 novembre 1995. Cotonou, Programme pour le Développement Intégré des Pêches Artisanales en Afrique de l'Ouest, 98p., DIPA/WP/74.

Njifonjou O., J. Folack, M. Bondja, J-C Njock et D. Njamen, 1996 Enquête-cadre et Etude Socio-économique de la Pêche Artisanale Maritime au Cameroun. Cotonou, Programme pour le Développement Intégré des Pêches Artisanales en Afrique de l'Ouest, 80p., DIPA/WP/75

Houndékon M.B., 1996 Rapport des ateliers de formation sur la méthode accélérée de recherche participative à Kaback et Kamsar (Guinée) du 24 juillet au 03 septembre 1995 Cotonou, Programme pour le Développement Intégré des Pêches Artisanales en Afrique de l'Ouest. 20p., + annexes DIPA/WP/76.

Houédanou M.-C., et D. Nyamusenge, 1996 Guide de rédaction des rapports. Cotonou, Programme pour le Développement Intégré des Pêches Artisanales en Afrique de l'Ouest 44p, DIPA/WP/77

Kuyateh M., 1996 Rapport de Synthèse sur l'Atelier de Formation Pratique (théorie et application sur le terrain) sur la MARP à l'intention des Cadres et des Techniciens de la Pêche Artisanale du Sénégal Septembre l995 - Dakar, Sénégal. Cotonou, Programme pour le Développement Intégré des Pêches Artisanales en Afrique de l'Ouest 75p., DIPA/WP/78

Satia B.P. et C.Z. Wétohossou, 1996 (eds) Report of the working group on women's key role and issues related to gender in fishing communities. Programme for the Integrated Development of Artisanal Fisheries in West Africa (IDAF) Cotonou, Benin, 32p., IDAF/WP/79

Satia B.P., et C.Z. Wétohossou, (eds) 1996 Rapport du groupe de travail sur la position centrale des femmes et les questions liées au genre dans les communautés de pêche.. Cotonou, Programme pour le Développement Intégré des Pêches Artisanales en Afrique de l'Ouest (DIPA) 34p. DIPA/WP/79

Horemans B. T Ajayi and J. Gallène 1996 Sector Review of the Artisanal Marine Fisheries in The Gambia. Programme for the Integrated Development of Artisanal Fisheries in West Africa (IDAF), Cotonou, Bénin 40p., IDAF/WP/80

Kébé M., J.C Njock et J. Galène, 1996 Revue sectorielle de la pêche artisanale maritime au Gabon. Programme pour le Développement Intégré des Pêches Artisanales en Afrique de l'Ouest (DIPA), Cotonou, Bénin. 39p. + annexes, DIPA/WP/81

Stamatopoulos C., 1996 Rapport de l'Atelier sur l'Utilisation du Logiciel de Statistiques des Pêches (ARTFISH). Cotonou, Bénin, 6-9 mai 1996. Programme de Développement Intégré des Pêches Artisanales en Afrique de l'Ouest (DIPA). Cotonou, Bénin 59p., DIPA/WP/82

Stamatopoulos C., 1996 Report of the Workshop on the use of a Fisheries statistical software (ARTFISH) Cotonou, Bénin 6-9 May 1996. Programme for the Integrated Development of Artisanal Fisheries in West Africa (IDAF). Cotonou, Bénin 61 p., IDAF/WP/83

Horemans, B., 1996 The state of artisanal fisheries in West Africa in 1995. Programme for the Integrated Development of Artisanal Fisheries in West Africa, Cotonou, Bénin 43p., IDAF/WP/84.

Horemans B., 1996 L'état de la pêche artisanale en Afrique de l'Ouest en 1995. Cotonou, Bénin Programme pour le Développement Intégré des Pêches Artisanales en Afrique de l'Ouest (DIPA), 45p. DIPA/WP/84.

Beauvallet-Le Coq C., 1996 A Study of Community Participation in the Aguégués Project BEN/88/CO3 - BEN/88/014 (Improving the living conditions of the Populations in the District of Aguégués) Programme for Integrated Development of Artisanal Fisheries in West Africa Cotonou, Bénin. 28p., IDAF/WP/85

Beauvallet-Le Coq, C., 1996 Etude de la Participation des Populations des Aguégués au Projet BEN/88/CO3 - BEN/88/014. (Amélioration des Conditions de Vie des Populations de la Sous-Préfecture Lacustre des Aguégués). Programme pour le Développement Intégré des Pêches Artisanales en Afrique de l'Ouest. Cotonou, Bénin. 32p., DIPA/WP/85.

Sow, A., 1996 Curso de formação sobre a organização de arma biblioteca. Programa para o Desenvolvimento Integrado dus Pescas Artesanais na Africa Ocidental (DIPA). Cotonou, Bénin 35p. + anexos, DIPA/WP/86

Sow, A., 1996 Cours de formation sur l'organisation d'une bibliothèque. Programme pour le Développement Intégré des Pêches Artisanales en Afrique de l'Ouest (DIPA). Cotonou, Bénin. 32p., + annexes, DIPA/WP/86

Sy, M., 1996 Situation nutritionnelle, sécurité alimentaire, hygiène et salubrité dans la communauté de pêche de Joal, Sénégal. Prograrnme pour le Développement Intégré des Pêches Artisanales en Afrique de l'Ouest (DIPA). Cotonou, Bénin, 19p., + annexes. DIPA/WP/87

Touray, l., 1996 Study on Women's Organisations in Brufut and Gunjur Communities and the Factors that Favour or Impede their Sustainability in the Gambia. Programme for the Integrated Development of Artisanal Fisheries in West Africa. Cotonou, Bénin 41p., IDAF/WP/88

Ngo Som, J., 1996 Situation nutritionnelle, sécurité alimentaire, hygiène et salubrité dans la communauté de pêche de Limbe, Cameroun. Programme pour le Développement Intégré des Pêches Artisanales en Afrique de l'Ouest (DIPA). Cotonou, Bénin 92p. DIPA/WP/89

Afful, K., et Kébé, M., 1996 Fiscal Policy and the Artisanal Fisheries Sector in Ghana and Senegal. Programme for the Integrated Development of Artisanal Fisheries in West Africa (IDAF). Cotonou, Bénin 37p., IDAF/WP/90.

Afful, K., et Kébé, M., 1996 La politique fiscale et le secteur de la pêche artisanale au Ghana et au Sénégal. Programme pour le Développement Intégré des Pêches Artisanales en Afrique de l'Ouest (DIPA). Cotonou, Bénin. 42p., DIPA/WP/90

Horemans, B., 1996 Theoretical Considerations and Practical Implications of Subsidies to the Artisanal Fisheries Sector in West Africa. Programme for the Integrated Development of Artisanal Fisheries in West Africa Cotonou. Benin 20p. . IDAF/WP/91

Horemans. B., 1996 Considérations théoriques et implications pratiques des subventions au secteur de la pêche artisanale en Afrique de l'Ouest. Programme pour le Développement Intégré des Pêches Artisanales en Afrique de l'Ouest (DIPA). Cotonou, Bénin, 21p., DIPA/WP/91

Ndiaye, Y.D., 1996 Use of Capital Income in Artisanal Fisheries: the Case of Boat-Owners in Hann, Senegal. Programme for the Integrated Development of Artisanal Fisheries in West Africa. Cotonou, Bénin 16p., IDAF/WP/92.

Ndiaye, Y.D., 1996 Utilisation des revenus du capital en pêche artisanale: le cas des armateurs de Hann au Sénégal. Programme pour le Développement Intégré des Pêches Artisanales en Afrique de l'Ouest (DIPA). Cotonou, Bénin 21p., DIPA/WP/92

Il. Manuels de terrain / Field Manuals

Johnson, J.P. et M.P. Wilkie, 1988 Pour un développement intégré des pêches artisanales; du bon usage de participation et de la planification.. Cotonou, Projet DIPA, 157p. + annexes, Manuel de Terrain Nº 1.

Meynall, P.J., J.P. Johnson, and M.P. Wilkie, 1988 Guide for planning monitoring and evaluation in fisheries development units. Cotonou, IDAF Project, 116 p., IDAF Field Manual N° 2.

III. IDAF Newsletter / La Lettre du DIPA

IDAF Newsletter/Lettre du DIPA, 1, October/Octobre 1985, 4 p.

IDAF Newsletter/Lettre du DIPA, 2, January/Janvier 1986, 14 p.

IDAF Newsletter/Lettre du DIPA, 3, June/Juin 1986, 40 p.

IDAF Newsletter/Lettre du DIPA, 4/5, Sept./Dec. 1986, 76 p.

IDAF Newsletter/Lettre du DIPA, 6, September 1987, 58 p.

IDAF Newsletter/Lettre du DIPA. 7, June/Juin 1988, 84 p.

IDAF Newsletter/Lettre du DIPA, 8, June/Juin 1989, 74 p.

IDAF Newsletter/Lettre du DIPA, 9, October/Octobre 1989, 84 p.

IDAF Newsletter/Lettre du DIPA, 10, August/Août 1990, 84 p.

IDAF Newsletter/Lettre du DIPA 11 January/Janvier 1991, 6 p

IDAF Newsletter/Lettre du DIPA, 12, April/Avril 1991, 8 p.

IDAF Newsletter/Lettre du DIPA 13, July/Juillet l991, 6 p.

IDAF Newsletter/Lettre du DIPA, 14, October/January 1992, 12 p.

IDAF Newsletter/Lettre du DIPA, 15, September/Septembre 1992, 85p.

IDAF Newsletter/Lettre du DIPA, 16, December/Décembre 1992, 31p.

IDAF Newsletter/Lettre du DIPA, 17, March/Mars 1993, 39p.

IDAF Newsletter/Lettre du DIPA, 18, June/Juin 1993, 38p.

IDAF Newsletter/Lettre du DIPA, 19, September/Septembre 1993, 32p.

IDAF Newsletter/Lettre du DIPA, 2O, December/Décembre 1993, 28p.

IDAF Newsletter/Lettre du DIPA, 21, March/Mars 1994, 32p.

IDAF Newsletter/Lettre du DIPA, 22, June/Juin 1994, 32p.

IDAF Newsletter/Lettre du DIPA, 23, September/Septembre 1994, 52p

IDAF Newsletter/Lettre du DIPA, 24, December/Décembre 1994, 36p.

IDAF Newsletter/Lettre du DIPA, 25, March/Mars 1995, 32p.

IDAF Newsletter/Lettre du DIPA, 26, June/Juin 1995, 32p.

IDAF Newsletter/Lettre du DIPA, 27, September/Septembre 1995, 40p.

IDAF Newsletter/Lettre du DIPA, 28, December/Décembre 1995, 32p.

IDAF/Newsletter/Lettre du DIPA, 29, March/Mars 1996, 28p.

IDAF/Newsletter/Lettre du DIPA, 30, June/Juin 1996, 24p.

IDAF/Newsletter/Lettre du DIPA, 31, September/Septembre 1996, 28p.

IDAF/Newsletter/Lettre du DIPA, 32, December/Décembre 1996, 28p.

IV. Documents de travail du Projet Modéle, Bénin / Working papers of the Model Project, Bénin

Coackley, A.D.R., 1988 Report on installation of a diesel inboard motor in a Ghana canoe. Cotonou, Model Project, 7 p. + annexes, PMB/WP/1 (En)

Coackley, A.D.R., 1988 Installation d'un moteur diesel "inboard" dans une pirogue ghanéenne. Cotonou Projet Modèle, 9 p. + annexe, PMB/WP/1 (Fr).

Zannou, L.H. 1988 Etudes technico-économiques des fours améliorées pour le fumage de poisson en République Populaire du Bénin. Cotonou, Projet Modèle, 8 p. + 6 tableaux, PMB/WP/2.

Atti-Mama, C., et M. Raïs, 1988 Etude démographique des communautés cibles du projet Modèle Bénin. Cotonou, Projet Modèle, 20 p. + 10 annexes, PMB/WP/3.

Jorion, P., 1988 Non-monetary distribution of fish as food in Beninois small-scale fishing villages and its importance for auto-consumption. Cotonou, Model Project, 26p., PMB/WP/4.

Tanimomo, P.F., 1989 Catalogue des engins de pêche maritime artisanale du Bénin. Cotonou, Projet Modèle 46 p. + 3 annexes, PMB/WP/4, PMB/WP/5.

Tanimomo, P.F., 1989 Rapport de consultation sur la formation des jeunes pêcheurs de l'UNICOOPEMA à Lomé. Cotonou, Projet Modèle, 17 p. + 6 annexes, PMB/WP/6.

Atti Mama, C., 1989 Impact socio-économique de la piste Pahou-Kpota. Cotonou, Projet Modèle, 10 p. + 3 annexes, PMB/WP/7.

Ahouanmènou, C., C. Atti-Mama, 1989 B. Houndékon, D. Tempelman et D. Turcotte, Animation, gestion et planification, séance de travail avec les agents de terrain. Cotonou, Projet Modèle, 142 p. + annexes, PMB/WP/8.

Atti-Mama, C., D. Turcotte, et W. Wentholt, 1989 Evaluation interne des activités du projet modèle Bénin dans le secteur de Ouidah. Cotonou, Projet Modèle, 36 p. + 7 annexes, PMB/WP/9.

Tempelman, D., 1989 The participatory, approach in an integrated artisanal fisheries project; structuring community development - womens activities. Cotonou, Model Project, 43 p., PMB/WP/10.

Landry, J.. 1989 Cours d'alphabétisation fonctionnelle en calcul. Cotonou, Projet Modèle, 59 p. + 3 annexes PMB/WP/11.

Landry, I and D. Tempelman, 1989 Functional literacy Training Guide for a numeracy course. Cotonou, Model Project, 55 p. + 3 annexes, PMB/WP/11.

Atti-Mama, C., 1990 Systèmes traditionnels et modernes d'épargne et de crédit en milieu pécheur au Bénin. Cotonou, Projet Modèle, 41 p. + annexes, PMB/WP/12.

Sènouvo, P. 1990 Statistiques de pêches des villages du Projet Modèle Année 1987. Cotonou. Projet Modèle, 33p., PMB/WP/13.

Sheves, G T., P.T. Holler and P. F. Tanimomo, 1990 Report on démonstration with echo-sounders compas ses and multimono gillnets in Ghana. Cotonou, Model Project, 22 p., PMB/WP/14.

Coackley, A.D.R., and G.T. Sheves, 1990 A review of the experimental introduction of diesel inboard motors to Ghana canoes. Cotonou, Model Projet, 41p., PMB/WP/15.

IJff, A.M. et D.E. Tempelman, 1990 Etude sur les relations entre les captures de poisson et l'état nutritionnel des communautés de pécheurs dans la province du Mono, au Bénin. Cotonou, Projet Modèle, 27 p., PMB/WP/16.

Sènouvo, A.P. et A.A. Gbaguidi, 1990 Recueil des données statistiques des pêches maritimes au Bénin. Période de 1984 à 1989. Cotonou, Projet Modèle, 134p., PMB/WP/17.

Houndékon, B.R., 1990 Initiative locale et développement: Expérience des communautés de pécheurs marins du Bénin. Cotonou, Projet Modèle, 17 p., PMB/WP/18.

Le Gurun, J.F., 1991 La section de technique des pêches. Cotonou, Projet Modèle, 43 p., PMB/WP/I9.

FAO/Government Cooperative 1991 Programme, Integrated Development of Small-Scale Fisheries in West Africa, Model Project Bénin Project findings and recommendations FAO, Rome Fl:GCP/RAF/198/DEN Terminal Report, 34p.

Programme de Coopération FAO/Gouvernements, 1991 Développement Intégré de la pécha artisanale en Afrique de l'Ouest, Projet Modèle Bénin, Conclusions et recommandations du Projet. FAO, Rome, Fl:GCP/RAF/198/DEN Rapport terminal, 40 p.

Previous PageTop Of PageTable Of Contents