Non-Wood News 6

TABLE OF CONTENTS

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SPECIAL FEATURES

CENTRAL AFRICAN REGIONAL PROGRAM FOR THE ENVIRONMENT (CARPE)
MEDICINAL PLANTS
MEDICINAL PLANTS FOR FOREST CONSERVATION AND HEALTH CARE
MARKETING OF INDIGENOUS MEDICINAL PLANTS IN SOUTH AFRICA - A CASE STUDY IN KWAZULU-NATAL

NEWS AND NOTES

BIODIVERSITY ASSESSMENT IN AMERINDIAN COMMUNITIES IN AMAZONAS, VENEZUELA
BIODIVERSITY CONSERVATION INFORMATION SYSTEM
BIOTECHNOLOGY PATENT LAW
CENTRE FOR RESOURCE EDUCATION
CHOPSTICKS
CONSTITUTION OF THE AFRICAN SAFOU NETWORK
DATABASE ON AFRICAN PEAR (DACRYODES EDULIS) AND OTHER OIL PLANTS
DOMESTICATION PROJECTS AS AN AID FOR DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
DOMESTICATION DES ESPÈCES AGROFORESTIÈRES EN AFRIQUE CENTRALE ET OCCIDENTALE RÉALISÉE PAR LE CIRAF
ECE/FAO STUDY ON NON-WOOD GOODS AND SERVICES OF THE FOREST
FORESTRY RESEARCH PROGRAMME
GINKGO BILOBA: NEW USES FOR AN ANCIENT TREE
HARVESTING SWEET MATERIALS FROM PLANTS WITHOUT HE AID OF HONEY-STORING INSECTST
LE RÔNIER - UN PROGRAMME VIDÉO DE LA FAO
MALAYSIAN-GERMAN SUSTAINABLE FOREST MANAGEMENT AND CONSERVATION PROJECT ENTERS PHASE II
MANAGEMENT, MARKETING AND CERTIFICATION OF NTFPS IN LATIN AMERICA
NTFP CERTIFICATION BY FALLS BROOK CENTRE
PEOPLE AND PLANTS INITIATIVE - RECENT VIDEOS
PROSEA
QUALITY CONTROL STANDARDS FOR OGBONO (IRVINGIA GABONENSIS AND IRVINGIA WONBOLU KERNELS)
QUESTIONNAIRE FOR COOPERATIVE EXTENSION AGENTS, USA
RAINFOREST FORUM NORTHERN BAVARIA IN THE PACIFIC ISLANDS
RUBBERWOOD UTILIZATION - UNDP DOCUMENTARY
STATE OF THE WORLD'S FORESTS 1999
TAIGA RESCUE NETWORK
AFRICAN RATTAN RESEARCH PROGRAMME
TRAINING CENTER FOR TROPICAL RESOURCES AND ECOSYSTEM SUSTAINABILITY
TROPICAL ECOSYSTEMS DIRECTORATE
USE OF NIBBI AND KUFA IN GUYANA

PRODUCTS AND MARKETS

  • GARCINIA
  • GUM BREA
  • HONEY
  • MUSHROOMS
  • OILS
  • SHEA BUTTER
  • UNCARIA TOMENTOSA
  • COUNTRY COMPASS

    BHUTAN
    BRAZIL
    CAMEROON
    CHINA
    GUATEMALA
    GUYANA
    INDIA
    INDONESIA
    LAO PEOPLE'S DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC
    MADAGASCAR
    MALAYSIA
    PAPUA NEW GUINEA
    PARAGUAY
    PHILIPPINES
    SOUTH AFRICA
    VIET NAM

    ECONOOK

    BIODIVERSITY - HARVEST TO CONSERVE
    CAN RATTAN HELP SAVE WILDLIFE?

    INTERNATIONAL ACTION

    FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS (FAO)
    INTERNATIONAL PLANT GENETIC RESOURCES INSTITUTE (IPGRI): DIVERSITY FOR DEVELOPMENT
    GERMAN FEDERAL RESEARCH CENTRE FOR FORESTRY AND FOREST PRODUCTS
    TRADE RECORDS AND ANALYSIS OF FLORA AND FAUNA IN COMMERCE (TRAFFIC)
    WORLD WIDE FUND FOR NATURE (WWF)

    RECENT EVENTS

    FORTHCOMING EVENTS

    PUBLICATIONS OF INTEREST

    WEB SITES

    READER'S RESPONSE

     

    Non-Wood News 6

    AN INFORMATION BULLETIN ON NON-WOOD FOREST PRODUCTS

    March 1999


    EDITORIAL

    Mr Karl-Hermann Schminke, who was Director of the Forest Products Division from 1993, retired in August 1998. The new Director, Dr Wulf Killmann, took up his duties in January 1999. Dr Killmann has a background in non-wood forest products; in fact, he is a specialist in the utilization of monocotyledons, particularly palm stem utilization [see under Publications of Interest for more information]. We are honoured that Dr Killmann has accepted our invitation to write the editorial this year.

    You are holding the sixth issue of Non-Wood News. As was mentioned in an earlier editorial, this bulletin is meant to be yours - your news sheet and your discussion platform. We try to collect and process the scattered information on properties, uses and markets of non-wood forest products, supplying you with the information needed for particular products, trying to respond to your requests and fostering communication and discussion with other people.

    Your response and active participation proves that you adopted this concept, and you have helped to shape this bulletin: last year our mailing list increased to almost 1 900, we had numerous requests for information and this issue has a print run of 2 500 copies. FAO's Forest Products Division is proud to provide this forum and looks forward to continuing this active exchange with all of you.

    Starting as hunters and gatherers, since stone-age times humans have adopted and domesticated plants from their hunting grounds. It is safe to assume that most of our fruits, plants and natural fibres originate from NWFPs. Looking at our history of plants - for example, the synthesis of the antimalaria substance quinine, which was originally extracted from the bark of Cinchona spp.

    As soon as a product has reached the plantation (or industrial) level, rural producers tend to lose their competitive edge on the national and international markets and fall back mainly on supplying rural households and local markets. This process is undoubtedly ongoing.

    Today, non-wood forest products can basically be divided into two groups: those of mainly local value and importance; and those of interest to the international market.

    For many people in the developing world, NWFPs are their means of living and/or their only source of income. In industrialized countries, on the other hand, past generations regarded all products primarily from their commercial aspect. Only in the last 20 years has an awareness arisen of the importance to rural communities in the developing world of the income derived from NWFPs. Nowadays, issues are also of an ethical and legal nature:

    • Who is the owner?
    • How does the rural population/indigenous group/country of origin benefit?
    • Who monitors the consideration of their interests?
    • What negotiation/mediation processes have been devised?
    • How successful have they been?

    These issues, as well as that of bioprospecting, have to be addressed in depth; consequently, we would very much like to highlight them in our next issue of Non-Wood News. We hope to receive your ideas, opinions and concerns on this subject and look forward to your continuing active participation.

    Wulf Killmann

     

    NON-WOOD NEWS

    Non-Wood News is compiled by Laura Russo and Tina Etherington, Wood and Non-Wood Products Utilization Branch (FOPW) of the FAO Forest Products Division. Editing support for this issue was provided by Robert Flood, Paul Vantomme and Sven Walter.

    Non-Wood News is open to contributions by readers. Contributions may be edited to fit the appropriate size and focus of the bulletin. If you have any material that could be included in the next issue of Non-Wood News for the benefit of other readers, kindly send it, before 30 September 1999, to:

    NON-WOOD NEWS - FOPW
    FAO, Viale delle Terme di Caracalla
    00100 Rome, Italy
    E-mail: non-wood-news@fao.org
    www.fao.org/forestry/nwfp/nonwood.htm
    FAO home page: www.fao.org


    The designations employed and the presentation of material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

     

     

    Non-wood forest products (NWFP) are goods of biological origin other than wood, derived from forests, other wooded land and trees outside forests. Non-timber forest products (NTFP), another term frequently used to cover this vast array of animal and plant products, also includes small wood and fuelwood. However, these two terms are used synonymously throughout this bulletin. Other terms, such as “minor”, “secondary” or “speciality” forest products, are sometimes used to keep original names and/or titles.