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1. Selected illustrative examples of external partnerships are summarized in tabular form under each Strategic Objective, indicating the major groups as follows:

2. Since FAO maintains direct and privileged links with a broad range of governmental authorities and institutions at country level, such links are not highlighted to avoid repetition. It must be stressed that the areas of partnership mentioned in the left column do not correspond precisely to the strategy elements cited in the text, as full correlation would have led to excessive repetition and for reasons of brevity the tables have been kept as concise as possible.

3. The substantive area of cooperation is mentioned, often in telegraphic form, in the left-hand side column. The scope or nature of collaboration is on the right-hand side, where a capital letter also indicates the type of FAO's role (L: expected lead role; S: primarily supportive role; and M: "mixed" role). Often, FAO may need to act both as a "leader" and a "supporter", or needs to participate in broad-based consultations or international initiatives, where such distinction is not relevant or feasible. The word agriculture in the tables generally refers to agriculture lato sensu, i.e. including crops, livestock, fisheries and forestry.

Strategic Objective A.1

Sustainable livelihoods in rural areas and more equitable access by women and men to natural, economic and social resources and/or their benefits.


Potential Partners

Nature of collaboration

policy formulation and studies with prime focus on the agricultural sector, including fisheries and forestry

UN, UNDP, UNEP, Regional Commissions, IFAD, WB, IFIs, CGIAR, institutions networked with FAO on policy issues

L - with consultation at formulation stage to elicit partners' involvement

farmer-centred resource management

CSOs (particularly farmers organizations), bilateral programmes

S - to devise mechanisms to enhance resource management at farm level

rural enterprise expansion and rural markets performance

CSOs, private sector, IFIs, bilateral programmes

S - to identify opportunities, and develop and disseminate techniques, information and improvements

sustainable livelihoods of rural families and communities, access to resources

UN (members of the ACC network on rural development and food security), CGIAR, CSOs, bilateral programmes

M - to develop policy measures, technological solutions and institutional mechanisms

implications on agriculture sector of macro-level policies

IFIs, UN, UNDP, IFAD, Regional Commissions, CGIAR, CSOs

S - by providing inputs from perspective of agricultural sector, and participating in round-tables and consultative meetings

integrated coastal area and basin development, including mangroves

S - through technical inputs to national strategies and programmes

utilization of the productive functions of trees and forests for sustainable livelihoods

UN, UNDP, WFP, IFIs, CSOs, bilateral programmes

M - to catalyse action and applied research and disseminate useful results

gender-responsive development, including population concerns

UN, UNFPA, UNIFEM, CSOs, (particularly women's groups) and mechanisms at country level

M - through broad-based cooperation in the framework of the Beijing Plan of Action, to ensure due recognition of roles of rural women; participation in UNFPA-financed programmes; mobilization of action at country level in support of balanced policies

assistance to food-insecure and disadvantaged communities, including fisherfolk and forest-dwellers

UN, CGIAR, CSOs, bilateral programmes

M - to design and assist input supply programmes (e.g. seed production multiplication and distribution)

Strategic Objective A.2

Recognition and targeting of vulnerable and disadvantaged groups with special measures to enable them to attain access to sufficient nutritionally adequate and safe food.


Potential Partners

Nature of collaboration

incorporation of nutrition objectives in policies and programmes

UN (e.g. members of ACC Sub-Committee on Nutrition), CSOs, CGIAR

L & S- to sensitize partners both at policy level and more particularly in support of national initiatives and plans at country level

mapping of food insecurity

UN, NGOs involved in FIVIMS

L & M - as mandated by the World Food Summit, to promote information exchange and joint work

support to food assistance programmes

UN (WFP, IFAD), bilateral assistance programmes, NGOs

S - in making sure that programmes are consistent with nutritional and developmental policies and objectives of countries and reach target disadvantaged groups

access by marginalized groups to productive capacities

CGIAR, CSOs, private sector, bilateral programmes

M - to identify, develop and disseminate information on mechanisms to ensure access

efficient use of social capital though participation

UN, IFIs, CSOs, private sector, bilateral programmes

M - through policy analysis work and field-testing of methodologies, and seeking outreach through training, as well as generating interest of IFIs

non-wood forest products is contribution to food security


M - to promote policies and technological exchanges

Strategic Objective A.3

Prevention and preparedness, early warning of emergencies and rehabilitation of natural resources and food production systems.


Potential Partners

Nature of collaboration

prevention and preparedness


L & S - by supporting international programmes/initiatives

monitoring and early warning (food emergencies)

established partners of the GIEWS (UN-OCHA, UNDP, WFP, donors, CSOs, etc.)

L & M (i.e. in sharing of information and experiences; joint work with WFP on crops and food needs assessments)

monitoring and early warning, as well as enhanced preparedness (plant pests and diseases)

IGOs and NGOs (established partners of the EMPRES programme under its two components, i.e. animal health (principally rinderpest) and locusts, bilateral programmes

L & S- in seeking multiple involvement of partners, i.e. in research and methodologies for control, implementation and funding of specific projects, policy coordination for concerted action and preparedness plans

emergencies regarding fisheries and aquaculture

UN-OCHA, UNDP, IGOs, CGIAR, bilateral programmes, CSOs

S - in promoting exchange of information and joint monitoring, e.g. of fish stock habitats, epizootics of aquaculture, threats to fisheries genetic resources; assistance with mitigation measures

early warning and mitigation of risks to forest eco-systems


L & M- in fostering exchange of information and monitoring of specific risks (fire, pests, diseases)

immediate relief and rehabilitation assistance to affected countries in areas of FAO's competence

UN (Inter-Agency Standing Committee mechanism), UNDP, UNHCR, WFP, IFIs, CSOs

L & M - overall strategic coordination and facilitation role in complex emergencies and post-natural disaster intervention; participation in joint appeals, implementation of agricultural relief and rehabilitation as well as resettlement and reintegration programmes on behalf of donors

rebuilding member countries' capacities to take the lead for agriculture recovery


M - by supporting national institutions/programmes

technologies and support services to mitigate impact of disasters and for quick rehabilitation

UN-OCHA, UNDP, WFP, UNICEF, IFIs, CSOs, regional and national early warning systems

S & M - through participation in the analysis of situations to prepare timely responses to countries needs; joint design of emergency measures, e.g. seed stocks

medium term rehabilitation and reconstruction

UN-OCHA, UNDP, IFAD, WB, WFP, IFIs, CSOs, bilateral programmes

L & M - planning of agricultural rehabilitation and reconstruction; definition of investment priorities; implementation of investment projects

Strategic Objective B.1

International agreements, codes of conduct, standards and other instruments covering the conservation and management of natural resources and the production, safe use and fair exchange of agricultural, fishery and forest goods, and which enhance the contribution to food security of international trade in such goods.


Potential Partners

Nature of collaboration

food standards

UN, IGOs, CSOs (producers and consumers organizations) and private sector

L & S - through Codex, co-sponsored by WHO, and with strong links with WTO in implementation of Uruguay Round agreements

phytosanitary standards

WTO, IGOs (regional plant protection organizations), CSOs

L & S - implementation of phytosanitary standards in context of Uruguay Round Agreement

standards for distribution and use of pesticides/ implementation of PIC procedure


M - through joint programmes (PIC procedure with UNEP, Interim Secretariat for Rotterdam Convention)

commodity consultations and actions, dissemination of commodity intelligence

UN, IGOs (International Commodity Organizations), producers and industry organizations, IFIs

L & M - through exchanges of information, cross-representation at meetings, dovetailing of activities

quality and safety of fisheries products (within general work on food standards above)

IGOs (regional fisheries organizations), CSOs (particularly producers and consumer groups)

S - in seeking inputs from partners for advice to countries, including information on local constraints and potential solutions

support to follow-up of international conferences and conventions

UN (Convention Secretariats on Biological Diversity, Climate Change and Combatting Desertification), Inter-agency Task Force on Forests, and other international organizations

S - to facilitate participation of countries in follow-up mechanisms, through direct advice, networks, etc.; technical inputs and studies

regulatory frameworks for agricultural resource and input use


M - to assist countries to develop frameworks on pesticide legislation, PGR and seeds

Strategic Objective B.2

National policies and institutional and legal mechanisms which respond to domestic requirements, international obligations, and changes in the international trading environment.


Potential Partners

Nature of collaboration

strengthening national food control systems and programmes

UN, CSOs (National CODEX Committees), private sector, bilateral programmes

M - to carry out joint promotional efforts of food control systems, including import/export certification

policy and legal framework for sustainable agricultural, fishery and forestry management


M - by ensuring exchange of information and experience, sensitization of IFIs and donors to support implementation of sound policies

policy framework for responsible fisheries (cf. also D1)

UN, IGOs (regional fisheries organizations), CSOs

M - to discuss technological solutions and trade practices compatible with responsible fisheries objectives

policy and institutional mechanisms to regulate agricultural resource and input use

UN and ACC partners, private sector, CSOs and environmental NGOs, IPU

M - to promote appropriate national regulatory frameworks

support to adjustments of trade regimes


S - to assist countries from the perspective of agriculture (studies, analyses, training)

Strategic Objective C.1

Strategic choices to improve efficiency in production, processing and marketing systems and meet the changing needs of producers and consumers.


Potential Partners

Nature of collaboration

priority needs for sustainable agriculture

UN, IFIs, CGIAR, CSOs, bilateral programmes

L - in drawing lessons from experience, testing of hypotheses

establishing more efficient land markets


S - in promoting exchanges of information and experiences, joint studies

support to fisheries management systems

IFIs, CGIAR, IGOs (regional fisheries organizations), CSOs

S - in the exchange of information, provision of advice

competitiveness of agricultural commodities

UN, CFC and other IGOs, CSOs, private sector

S - in the formulation of projects (CFC financing)

complementarity of forest policies with other sectors

IFIs, CGIAR, regional organizations

S - to assist countries in dovetailing forest policy with more general policies

adequate agricultural support services, diversification and specialization of production, farm and agro-business efficiency

UN, UNDP, CGIAR, CSOs and private

M - to work on problem identification and resolution, and with national/local institutions on implementation

approaches to improved marketing of farm produce in response to changing consumption patterns; peri-urban agriculture

CGIAR, CSOs, private sector

M - to assist on developing approaches and measures

diagnostic tools for rural development and decentralization

UN (Members of ACC network), IFIs, CGIAR, NGOs

M - for problem identification, testing of tools, dissemination of experiences

institutional mechanisms for the rural sector


M - for joint production of materials, exchange of experiences

improving efficiency of fisheries and aquaculture activity

IGOs (regional fisheries organizations), CSOs, private sector

M - for joint assessment of more appropriate technologies

technologies and methodologies for knowledge management related to sustainable forestry

UN, IGOs, CGIAR, IFIs, bilateral programmes, CSOs

L & S - to promote exchange of experience, harmonization of approaches and definitions, and support by IFIs and donors

Strategic Objective C.2

Adoption of appropriate technologies to sustainably intensify production systems and ensure sufficient supplies of food and agricultural, fishery and forestry goods and services.


Potential Partners

Nature of collaboration

intensification of production through choice of economically viable and sustainable technologies

UN, CGIAR, IFIs, CSOs, private sector, bilateral programmes

L & S- in synthetizing, testing and disseminating technologies, approaches and decision support tools

enhanced technologies for sustainable fisheries

IGOs (Regional fisheries organizations), CGIAR, CSOs

M - to carry out joint assessments

seeking greater efficiency of the agribusiness production and commercialisation chain

UN, private sector

M - for feasibility assessments for agribusiness establishment

improving the research-production link


M - through various means (host of NARS Secretariat, networks, joint evaluation studies, etc..)

Strategic Objective D.1

Integrated management of land, water, forestry, fisheries and genetic resources to enhance and sustainably utilise the resource base.


Potential Partners

Nature of collaboration

farmer-identified land and water management practices

CGIAR, WMO, CSOs (farmers groups)

M - to facilitate interdisciplinary work to synthesize, test and disseminate practices for adoption

balancing conflicting demands on forests through participatory forest resource management

CSOs and partners of the Forest, Trees and People programme, IFIs, bilateral programmes, NGOs

M - to catalyse action and disseminate lessons from successful experiences

implementation of the Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries

IFIs, IGOs (regional fisheries organizations and agreements), NGOs

L & S - to ensure human and financial resources flows to responsible fisheries and aquaculture management

genetic resources management and threats to biodiversity

UN, CGIAR, IFIs, CSOs, donors

M - in providing guidance on multidisciplinary policies and activities that impinge on food production and food security, monitoring implementation of GPA on PGRFA

capacity-building for impact assessments (for sustainability)

UN, UNDP, ACC-Water Resources, IFIs, bilateral programmes, CSOs

M - to organize technical exchanges and seek donor support

integrated fisheries resource management

CGIAR, IFIs and donors, CSOs

M - for building awareness, supporting exchanges, seeking donor support

integrated management of natural resources for agriculture

UN, CGIAR, CSOs, bilateral programmes

M - in joint development of strategies and their implementation

knowledge management related to sustainable land management

WB, IFAD, IGOs, CSOs, CGIAR, bilateral programmes

M - to promote exchange of experience, harmonization of approaches and donor support

Strategic Objective D.2

Recognition of the future private and social costs of natural resource degradation, and of the benefits of conservation and rehabilitation, with attention to the resources and environments at greatest risk.


Potential Partners

Nature of collaboration

reflection of pertinent social, economic and environmental issues in agricultural policy


L & M - to sensitize partners about the need to incorporate the appropriate factors in policy analysis and formulation as they affect agriculture, fisheries and forestry

holistic and balanced land and water use policies and strategies

UN, UNDP, ACC-Water Resources, IFAD, WB, UNEP, CGIAR, CSOs

M & S - in evaluating, developing and promoting land and water use policies and strategies

integration of sustainability concerns into work of NARS and allied institutions

UN, IFIs, CSOs (involved with education and extension systems)

M - to promote conceptual and practical application efforts at country level, information exchange, and seek external financial support

Strategic Objective E.1

A comprehensive, current and reliable set of data, disseminated to all Members and accessible to the international community and the public at large.


Potential Partners

Nature of collaboration

further development of WAICENT

UN, CGIAR, donor community (besides national sources)

L - in the development and dissemination of access tools, support to enhanced Internet connectivity, exchanges of data and information, capacity-building for data collection and validation and financial assistance with donor support

expansion of FAO specialized data systems feeding into WAICENT (agriculture, fisheries, forestry, food and nutrition, gender, pertinent aspects of sustainable development, etc...)

UN, UNEP, UNESCO, WMO, IFIs, IGOs, CGIAR, organizations partners of FIVIMS, etc..

L & S- to ensure continued information sharing

enhancement of standards, norms and statistical methodology

UN, IGOs, NGOs and CSOs, bilateral programmes

S - on matters relating to food and nutrition, and agriculture (including forestry, fisheries and natural resources)

Strategic Objective E.2

Regular assessments of current and prospective food supplies, and outlook for developments in food security and nutrition, agriculture, fisheries, forestry, natural resources and scientific knowledge.


Potential Partners

Nature of collaboration

periodic assessments of the state of agriculture and nutrition, commodity developments, state of fisheries and forestry resources

UN, UNEP, UNESCO, WMO, WB, IFAD, IFIs, bilateral programmes, CGIAR, IGOs (e.g. international commodity bodies or regional fisheries organizations), CSOs

L - in terms of consultations, exchange of information, validation of hypotheses, experience with modelling, etc...

medium-term outlook and longer-term perspectives studies

UN, CGIAR, IGOs, donor research centres

L & M - in ensuring exchange of data, methods and models, collaboration on selected issues and assessments

forest sector outlook studies

UN/ECE, WB, Regional Banks, European Commission, CGIAR, IGOs

L & M - with funding contribution from partners

assessment of the implications of technical and scientific developments on agricultural trade


S - by dovetailing of analytical work, consultations

trend analysis of key factors in agricultural resource management

CGIAR, IFIs, CSOs, donor research centres

M - to apply its global perspective to analysis and interpretation of key factors and call attention of partners to areas needing further attention

trend analysis of key factors in sustainable development

UN, IFIs, IGOs, members of ACC network on rural development and food security at local level

M - for exchange of information and experiences, joint studies

Strategic Objective E.3

Focus on food security through monitoring and reporting on implementation of the World Food Summit Plan of Action, and co-operating with all partners, including in civil society.


Potential Partners

Nature of collaboration

monitoring of implementation of the World Food Summit Plan of Action, promoting exchange of experience

all organizations involved in the various reporting streams to the Committee on World Food Security (see also FIVIMS under A-2 and E-1)

L - in maintaining continuing contacts;
facilitating participation and reporting by all concerned

servicing of the ACC network on Rural Development and Food Security (in close cooperation with IFAD and WFP)

UN (members of the network and, at country level, thematic group members) CSOs and donor representatives

L - to animate thematic groups at country level under the aegis of UN Resident Coordinator

strengthened partnerships in implementing various provisions of the WFS Plan of Action

in addition to those mentioned above, the UNHCHR, IPU and others

M & S - in promoting contribution by all actors to WFS Follow-up

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