CURRENT RESEARCH ISSUES AND PROSPECTS FOR CONSERVATION AND DEVELOPMENT




TABLE OF CONTENTS



INFORMATION
FOREWORD
PREFACE
EDITORS' NOTES
INTRODUCTION and WORKSHOP SUMMARY
CARPE AND NON-WOOD FOREST PRODUCTS
(David Wilkie)

ECOLOGICAL ISSUES
ECOLOGICAL RESEARCH FOR SUSTAINABLE NON-WOOD FOREST PRODUCT EXPLOITATION: AN OVERVIEW
(Charles M.Peters)

Abstract
1. Introduction
2. Ecological impacts of forest use: The myth
3. Some facts about tropical trees and forests
Source
4. The reality of NWFP harvest
5. Baseline data and monitoring to minimise ecological impact
6. Some hard questions about sustainability

AN ASSESSMENT OF NON-WOOD FOREST PRODUCT RESOURCES FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF SUSTAINABLE COMMERCIAL EXTRACTION
(J.F.W. van Dijk)

Abstract
1. Introduction
2. The setting
4. NWFP resources
5. Conclusions and discussion
Appendix

THE MANAGEMENT OF FORESTS FOR TIMBER AND NON-WOOD FOREST PRODUCTS IN CENTRAL AFRICA
(Sarah A. Laird)

1. Introduction
2. Timber and NWFP species
3. The impact of logging operations on NWFPs
4. The NWFP-timber interface: Contributing to sustainable natural forest management

THE SUSTAINABILITY OF ERU (GNETUM AFRICANUM AND GNETUM BUCHHOLZIANUM): AN OVER-EXPLOITED NON-WOOD FOREST PRODUCT FROM THE FORESTS OF CENTRAL AFRICA
(Patrick Nde Shiembo)

Abstract
1. Introduction
2. The importance and value of Gnetum spp.
3. The unsustainable harvest of Gnetum
4. Achieving sustainability in the supply of Gnetum
5. Results
6. Conclusions and recommendations
Acknowledgements


THE ECOLOGY AND SUSTAINABILITY OF PAUSINYSTALIA JOHIMBE: AN OVER-EXPLOITED MEDICINAL PLANT OF THE FORESTS OF CENTRAL AFRICA
(Terry C.H. Sunderland, Marie-Laure Ngo-Mpeck, Zacharie Tchoundjeu and Amougou Akoa)

Abstract
1. Introduction
2. Autoecology
3. Sustainability
3.1. Current commercial P. johimbe bark exploitation practices in Cameroon
3.2. Impacts of exploitation
4. Confusion between P. johimbe and P. macroceras
5. Implications for management and sustainability
Acknowledgements Personal communications (Cameroon unless otherwise indicated)

THE CONSERVATION THROUGH CULTIVATION PROGRAMME AT THE LIMBE BOTANIC GARDEN: ACHIEVEMENTS AND BENEFITS
(Joseph P. Nkefor, Nouhou Ndam, Paul C. Blackmore and Terry C.H. Sunderland)

Abstract
1. Introduction
2. Aims and objectives
3. Methods
4. Achievements of the Conservation through Cultivation Programme
5. Benefits of CTC Programme
6. Problems encountered
7. Threats to success of the CTC programme
8. Additional comments and proposed next steps
Acknowledgements

RECENT RESEARCH INTO AFRICAN RATTANS (PALMAE): A VALUABLE NON-WOOD FOREST PRODUCT FROM THE FORESTS OF CENTRAL AFRICA
(Terry C.H. Sunderland)

Abstract
1. Introduction: The trade in rattan
2. The African rattans - biology
3. Ecology and distribution
4. The importance of basic ethnobotany and taxonomy for conservation and development
5. The use of folk taxonomy
6. Harvest and management of the wild resource
Market value
7. Local trade
No. of workers
Amount of cane used per month
8. Propagation and cultivation
9. Conclusion

EXTENDING ECOLOGICAL RESEARCH TO MEET LOCAL NEEDS:A CASE FROM BRAZIL
(Patricia Shanley)

Abstract
1. Introduction
2. Background: NWFP research designed to meet local needs
3. Ethnobotanical inventory
4. Population ecology studies
5. Market studies and subsistence use of NWFPs
6. Forest value workshops
7. A different kind of manuscript: Illustrated booklets
8. Practical outcomes of give back
9. Rural extension: Underutilised potential in conservation and development
Acknowledgements


SOCIO-POLITICAL ISSUES
SOCIO-ECONOMIC RESEARCH AND NON-WOOD FOREST PRODUCTS: AN OVERVIEW
Christine Kabuye

Abstract
1. Introduction
2. Why socio-economic research?
3. Indigenous knowledge
4. Values
5. Practices
6. The potential for markets
7. Developing NWFPs
8. The necessary socio-economic research

COMMUNITY MANAGEMENT OF NON-WOOD FOREST RESOURCES: A CASE STUDY FROM THE KORUP FOREST, CAMEROON
(Ruth Malleson)

Abstract
1. Introduction
2. Settlement types in the Korup Forest
3. Local institutions
4. Forest livelihoods in the Korup Forest
5. Implications for community forest management
Acknowledgements

THE USE OF FARMER KNOWLEDGE IN NON-WOOD FOREST PRODUCT RESEARCH
(Jonathon Okafor)

Abstract
1. The importance of indigenous knowledge
2. What is ethnobotanical information?
3. Surveys to obtain an idea of indigenous knowledge (IK)
4. Using ethnobotanical information to target collecting and development of plant genetic resources of NWFPs
5. Selection
Irvingia gabonesis & wombolu
6. Research outputs
7. The potential for commercial exploitation of indigenous species
8. Conclusions and recommendations

THE MANAGEMENT OF FOREST RESOURCES BY LOCAL PEOPLE AND THE STATE IN GABON
(Jean-Pierre Profizi)

Abstract
1. Introduction
2. Traditional, modern and industrial forest management

THE ROLE OF WOMEN IN THE PROMOTION OF FOREST PRODUCTS
(Mrs. G.E. Burnley)

Abstract
1. Introduction
2. Organisation
3. Women and the cultivation of forest products
4. Some Results
5. Conclusions

THE MANAGEMENT OF NON-WOOD FOREST PRODUCTS IN PROTECTED AREAS: LESSONS FROM A CASE STUDY OF MULTIPLE-USE IN BWINDI IMPENETRABLE NATIONAL PARK, UGANDA
(A.B. Cunningham)

1. Introduction
2. Location and historical background to the case-study
3. "Take home messages"
4. Conclusion
Acknowledgements

THE DOMESTICATION OF INDIGENOUS AGROFORESTRY TREES: ICRAF'S STRATEGY IN THE HUMID TROPICS OF WEST AND CENTRAL AFRICA
(Zacharie Tchoundjeu, Bahiru Duguma, Marie-Laure Tiencheu and Marie-Laure Ngo-Mpeck)

Abstract
1. Introduction
3. Genebank establishment
4. Genetic improvement through vegetative propagation
5. Conclusion

A FARMING SYSTEMS PERSPECTIVE TO NWFP EXPLOITATION IN THE SUPPORT ZONE OF THE KORUP NATIONAL PARK OF CAMEROON: DETERMINING THE CONNECTIONS BETWEEN THE HOUSEHOLD AND THE FOREST
(Michael B. Vabi and  Nicodème Tchamou)

Introduction
2. Selection of study villages, data collection procedures and analysis
3. Collection procedures and analysis
4. Results and discussions
5. Conclusion and implications


MARKET-ECONOMIC ISSUES
NON-WOOD FOREST PRODUCTS MARKETS AND POTENTIAL DEGRADATION OF THE FOREST RESOURCE  
(Ousseynou Ndoye, Manuel Ruiz-Perez, Antoine Eyebe)

Abstract
1. Introduction
2. Methodology of the study
3. Distribution and utilisation of NWFP in Central Africa
4. NWFP markets and margins of traders
5. Welfare effects of marketing different NWFP

A REGIONAL MARKET SURVEY OF THE NON-WOOD FOREST PRODUCTS TRADED IN CENTRAL AFRICA
(Laurie Clark and Terry Sunderland)

1. Introduction
2. Market surveys and data harmonization
3. CARPE NWFP market survey objectives
4. Methodology
5. Conclusion
Appendix

A PRELIMINARY MARKET SURVEY OF THE NON-WOOD FOREST PRODUCTS OF EQUATORIAL GUINEA
(Terry C.H. Sunderland and Crisantos Obama)

Abstract
1. Introduction
2. The country
3. The market study
4. Discussion
5. Conclusion
Acknowledgements

A PRELIMINARY MARKET SURVEY OF NON-WOOD FOREST PRODUCTS TRADED IN THE POINTE-NOIRE MARKETS (CONGO-BRAZZAVILLE)
(Victor Kimpouni)

Abstract
1. Introduction
2. The study site
3. Methodology
4. Findings
4.2. Vendors
4.3. Processing and preservation
5. Discussion
Appendix

A PRELIMINARY MARKET SURVEY OF THE NON-WOOD FOREST PRODUCTS OF THE DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO: THE BENI AND KISANGANI MARKETS
(Innocent Liengola Bauma)

Abstract
1. Introduction
2. The study sites
3. Methodology
4. Results
5. Discussion

A PRELIMINARY SURVEY OF THE NON-WOOD FOREST PRODUCTS OF THE LIBREVILLE MARKETS (GABON)
(Paulin Yembi)

Abstract
1. Introduction
2. Methodology
3. Products recorded in the markets: A summary
4. Discussion
5. Conclusion

RATTAN OR PORCUPINE: BENEFITS AND LIMITATIONS OF A HIGH-VALUE NWFP FOR CONSERVATION IN THE YAOUNDE REGION OF CAMEROON
(Louis Defo)

Abstract
1. Introduction
2. The study site and Methodology
3. Rattan: An abundant and important resource
4. Limits of rattan for conservation
5. Conclusion
Acknowledgements

THE DEVELOPMENT OF QUALITY CONTROL STANDARDS FOR OGBONO (IRVINGIA GABONENSIS AND IRVINGIA WOMBOLU) KERNELS: EFFORTS TOWARDS ENCOURAGING ORGANIZED AND FURTHER INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN A NWFP OF WEST AND CENTRAL AFRICA
(D. O. Ladipo)

Abstract
1. Introduction
2. Local and international trade
3. Pre-harvest operations that determine kernel quality
4. Post-harvest operations that determine kernel quality
5. Quality variables for consideration
6. Potential for future marketing development
7. Conclusion

THE MARKETS FOR CENTRAL AFRICAN NON-WOOD FOREST PRODUCTS IN EUROPE
(Honoré Tabuna)

Abstract
1. Introduction
2. Methodology
3. Imported products and their destination
4. The ethnic market
5. Demand and its evolution
6. The selling points
7. The products sold on the ethnic market
8. The actors and distribution network
9. Prices
10. Advertising and promotion
11. Limitations to the growth of the network
12. Future prospects for the development of the NWFP trade
13. Conclusion
Appendix

MEDICINAL PLANTS AND FOREST EXPLOITATION
(Robert Nkuinkeu)

Abstract
1. Introduction
2. Research and Identification
3. Harvesting
4. Plantecam and the sustainable management of medicinal plants
5. Summary


NETWORKS AND INFORMATION EXCHANGE
AN OVERVIEW OF FAO's PROGRAMME ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF NON-WOOD FOREST PRODUCTS
(Paul Vantomme)

Abstract
1. What is FAO and how does it work ?
2. How does FAO deal with NWFPs?
3. FAO's Forestry Department and its NWFP programme

NETWORKS WITH AN INTEREST IN NWFPs
(Laurie E. Clark)

Networks with an interest in NWFPs

APPENDICES
List of acronyms
List of contributors