I. Overall strategic framework
Current demographic and economic trends
and projections up to 2015 - FAO's 70th birthday - indicate the following global context:
- Population. From the
present figure of 6 billion, the world's population is likely to reach 7.2
billion in 2015, having grown by 75 million people annually. Ninety percent of
the increase will occur in today's developing countries.
- Economic growth. Economic
growth is expected to be sustained in the developing world at least until
2005, but with considerable differences between countries. Changes in the
global balance of wealth among nations are likely to be slow. The risk of
economic recessions - with adverse effects on employment, agriculture and food
security - will continue.
- Hunger. Hunger and
undernourishment are expected to persist, although at slightly reduced levels.
Without major efforts to improve food supply and achieve a more equitable
distribution, in 2015 undernourishment may still affect 30 percent of some
- Poverty and urbanization. The urban poor are likely to constitute a greater proportion of the world's undernourished, as urban populations are increasing by 60 million per year. By 2010, more people will live in urban areas than rural areas and, by 2015, 26 cities in today's developing countries will have populations of 10 million or more.
National and international action must
avert or mitigate some of these trends, particularly with regard to their impact
on food security. Political, economic and social systems will be expected to
ensure equitable access to food. Agriculture - including fisheries and forestry
- will have to meet the needs of growing and increasingly urbanized populations,
while at the same time protecting the natural resource base for future
Within this general scenario, several major trends and forces are likely to have a bearing on FAO's work, including:
- Increased emphasis on the state's principal role as
that of providing a policy and regulatory framework conducive to sustainable
- Continuing globalization and liberalization of trade,
including food and agricultural trade
- Growth in the number of countries in the
middle-income group, and increased reliance on regional and subregional
- Persistence of poverty and mounting inequality - a
widening of the gap between the affluent and the poor
- Continued risk of disaster-related and complex
- Changing demands on agriculture, fisheries and
forestry in increasingly urbanized societies
- Changing dietary patterns and increasing public
awareness of food (safety and quality) and environmental issues
- Increasing pressure on natural resources and
competition for their use
- Steady progress in research and technological
development, and continued inequality in access to its benefits
- Increasing impact of information and communications
technology on institutions and societies
- Changes in the nature and composition of funding for
- Changing role and public perceptions of the UN system
Members' global goals and FAO's purpose
To face the challenges implicit in these trends, the Strategic Framework defines three global goals of Members, which are consistent with FAO's Constitution and take into account a number of texts agreed at international conferences, in particular the World Food Summit and UNCED:
Access of all people at all times to sufficient nutritionally adequate and safe food, ensuring that the number of undernourished people is reduced by half by no later than 2015.
The continued contribution of sustainable agriculture and rural development, including fisheries and forestry, to economic and social progress and the well-being of all.
The conservation, improvement and sustainable utilization of natural resources, including land, water, forest, fisheries and genetic resources for food and agriculture.
In pursuing these goals, FAO must rely on its strong set of institutional values and maintain a clear sense of its mission as well as a vision of success. Indeed, the Organization's mission and vision are the inspiration for the corporate strategies that make up the Strategic Framework.
FAO's mission and vision statements
Helping to build a food-secure world for
present and future
Over the next 15 years, FAO will assist Members in:
- reducing food insecurity and rural
- ensuring an enabling policy and
regulatory framework for food and agriculture, fisheries and forestry;
- securing sustainable increases in the
supply and availability of food;
- conserving and enhancing the natural
resource base; and
- generating knowledge of food and agriculture, fisheries and forestry.
Remaining fully responsive to the ideals and requirements of Members, and being recognized for leadership and partnership in helping to build a food-secure world
Over the next 15 years, FAO will be:
- a centre of excellence and an
authoritative purveyor of knowledge and advice in the sphere of its
- a pre-eminent repository and provider
of multidisciplinary capacities and services in the areas of its
- an active partner of organizations -
within and outside the UN system - that share its goals and values;
- a well-managed, efficient and
- a mobilizer of international will and
resources to assist its Members, as well as a responsible manager of the
resources entrusted to it; and
- an effective communicator and advocate for its own goals and those of its Members.