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4. Species list

ACACIA ABYSSINICA

Family Name: LEGUMINOSAE (SUBFAMILY MIMOSOIDEAE)
Common Names: umbrella thorn**

** Common Names include SWAHILI and ENGLISH.

Local Names: altarara (MASAI).
Potential Uses: building materials, crafts (carvings), furniture (stools), medicine (masse soup), timber.

ACACIA ALBIDA (FAIDHERBIA ALBIDA)

Family Name: LEGUMINOSAE (SUBFAMILY MIMOSOIDEAE)
Common Names: mapagola, kababu, apple ring acacia, winterthorn

Local Names: mkololo, mkora (BONDEI, SHAMBAA, ZIGUA); mchese (FIPA); mdoladole, mgonandele, mujehe, mwaliganza, mluma (GOGO); hhangumo, tlahmo, tlehharimo (GOROWA); murunda (HAYA); mpogoro (HEHE); giermo, giwermoo, tahhumo (IRAQW); mranda (LONGO, ZINZA); mkongolo (LUGURU); ikandava (MBUGWE); mkilolo (NGURU); khaangu, mungunga (NYATURU); mgunga (PARE); igudabe, isaimo (RANGI); mpogola (SANGU, HEHE); nanda (SUKUMA); mupongoro (SUMBWA).
Potential Uses: beehives, bee plant, charcoal, domestic uses (soap, tool handles), fencing (posts), firewood, fodder, food (pods = condiment), fruits (famine food), gum, land improvement (nitrogen fixing, windbreaks), medicine, salt, shade, tannin, timber (soft).

ACACIA DREPANOLOBIUM

Family Name: LEGUMINOSAE (SUBFAMILY MIMOSOIDEAE)
Common Names: mbalibali, ulula, gall acacia

Local Names: qarbu (GOROWA, IRAQW); fughmo (IRAQW); mbulungo (ISANZU); eluai, eluwai (MASAI); mbolongo-ya-kibolo (MBUGWE); melula, malula (NYATURU); nduradura, mnduriduri (RANGI), vulula wapi, vulula, ilula lyape, (SUKUMA).
Potential Uses: building materials (bomas), fencing (posts), medicine.

ACACIA GERRARDII

Family Name: LEGUMINOSAE (SUBFAMILY MIMOSOIDEAE)
Common Names: red thorn

Local Names: olng'weng'wenyi (MASAI).
Potential Uses: building materials (bomas), fencing (posts), fibre (rope), firewood, gum, medicine.

ACACIA LAHAI

Family Name: LEGUMINOSAE (SUBFAMILY MIMOSOIDEAE)
Common Names: red thorn

Local Names: melelek, ormelelek (ARUSHA, MASAI).
Potential Uses: building materials (bomas), charcoal, domestic uses (walking sticks), dye (bark = red), fencing (posts), firewood, gum, land improvement (nitrogen fixing).

ACACIA MELLIFERA

Family Name: LEGUMINOSAE (SUBFAMILY MIMOSOIDEAE)
Common Names: black thorn, hook thorn

Local Names: oiti, eiti (ARUSHA, MASAI); mkambala, mvugala (GOGO); ghaland (GOROWA); yudegi, yudek (IRAQW); mangarada (MBUGWE); mujujumi (NYATURU); mkalankanga, kinwato (RANGI); murugara, mrugara (SUKUMA); msasa (ZIGUA).
Potential Uses: bee plant, building materials (termite resistant), domestic uses (pestles), fencing (live), firewood, fodder, land improvement (nitrogen fixing), medicine.

ACACIA NILOTICA

Family Name: LEGUMINOSAE (SUBFAMILY MIMOSOIDEAE)
Common Names: mgunga, scented thorn

Local Names: olkionite, olkiloriti, olgiloriti (ARUSHA, MASAI); baryomodi (ARUSHA, GOROWA, IRAQW); mgelegele, mgungankundumuela, muela, ngeregere (BONDEI, SHAMBAA, ZIGUA); mfuku, mnzasa (GOGO); muvulagavega (HEHE); katzi, kantzi, tsaqayand (IRAQW); barabonyoda (MBUGWE); mgunga, mdubilo (NYAMWEZI); muhinko (NYATURU); kihurgawisu, kijame (RANGI); afa (SANDAWI); mdubilo (SUKUMA); michame (ZANAKI); mgungankunda (ZIGUA).
Potential Uses: bee plant, beverage (bark), building materials (termite resistant), charcoal, domestic uses (needles, tools), dye (bark = black, red), fibre, firewood, fodder, gum, land improvement (nitrogen fixing), medicine, tannin.

ACACIA POLYACANTHA

Family Name: LEGUMINOSAE (SUBFAMILY MIMOSOIDEAE)
Common Names: mgunga, mkengewa, white thorn, falcon's claw acacia

Local Names: mdunga, mgunga (BONDEI, SHAMBAA, ZIGUA); miombwi (FIPA); muwindi (GOGO); fitismo (GOROWA); msukanzi (HEHE); amafughuni (GOROWA, IRAQW); mkuku, omugu (HAYA); mtopotopo (HEHE); muwindi (LUGURU); olasili (MASAI); mtonya, mwao (MATENGO); morufu (MBUGWE); mkwanga (MWERA); livindwe (NYAMWEZI); mukese (NYATURU); kimwato, kijame, mungurufa (RANGI); mugu (SUKUMA).
Potential Uses: domestic uses (tool handles), dye (heartwood), fencing (posts), firewood, fodder, gum, land improvement (nitrogen fixing, soil reclamation), medicine, salt, tannin (heartwood), timber (hard).

ACACIA POLYACANTHA

ACACIA SIEBERANA

Family Name: LEGUMINOSAE (SUBFAMILY MIMOSOIDEAE)
Common Names: mgunga, paperbark thorn

Local Names: munusi (HEHE); tahhumo (IRAQW); singiati (MBUGWE); isaumo, mwede (RANGI).
Potential Uses: bee plant, building materials (house poles), domestic uses (containers, spear shafts), firewood, fodder, medicine, tannin (pods), timber (soft).

ACACIA TANGANYIKENSIS

Family Name: LEGUMINOSAE (SUBFAMILY MIMOSOIDEAE)

Local Names: mheme (GOGO).
Potential Uses: beehives, land improvement (windbreaks, soil, water conservation), musical instruments (drums), shade.

ACACIA TORTILIS

Family Name: LEGUMINOSAE (SUBFAMILY MIMOSOIDEAE)
Common Names: mgunga, mugunga, israel babool, umbrella thorn

Local Names: oldepesi, sanzavi, olerai (ARUSHA); honywam, harbanghed (BARBAIG); mkongoe (BONDEI, SHAMBAA, ZIGUA); mrimba, msawero (CHAGGA); mkungugu, mwaliganza (GOGO, HEHE); tsantsafi (GOROWA, IRAQW); harbagheidi, fitsitoo (IRAQW); muhare (JITA); olgorete, oldepasi, oldepesi (MASAI); moonga, movunga (MBUGWE); mgunga (ISANZU, NYATURU, NYAMWEZI, PARE, SUKUMA); mugunga (NYATURU); muhunga (RANGI).
Potential Uses: beehives, bee plant, charcoal, domestic uses (tool handles, needles), dye (bark, roots = yellow, brown), fencing (live), fibre (rope), firewood, fodder, furniture, gum, land improvement (nitrogen fixing), shade, tannin.

ACACIA XANTHOPHLOEA

Family Name: LEGUMINOSAE (SUBFAMILY MIMOSOIDEAE)
Common Names: fever tree

Local Names: olerai, elerai (ARUSHA, MASAI); honywam (BARBAIG); aaray, nary (GOROWA); narmo, aari (IRAQW); mulera (ISANZU); locheda (MBUGWE); murya (NYATURU); mwerera (PARE); mweda (RANGI).
Potential Uses: building materials (bomas), fencing (live, posts), firewood, fodder, land improvement (nitrogen fixing), medicine.

ADANSONIA DIGITATA

Family Name: BOMBACACEAE
Common Names: mbuyu, baobab

Local Names: muuyu (BONDEI, SHAMBAA, ZIGUA); mpela (GOGO); dakaumo (GOROWA); gendar-yandi (IRAQW); mpela (LUGURU); olmesera, olimisera (MASAI); mwuwiye (MBUGWE); mpela (NYAMWEZI); mramba (PARE); mwiwi (RANGI); gele (SANDAWI); mkondo (SANGU, HEHE); mwandu, mwanda, ng' wandu (SUKUMA).
Potential Uses: bee plant, beverage, domestic uses (water and food storage, trays), dye (bark, roots = red), fibre (cloth, rope, musical instrument strings), food (condiment), fruit, gum (glue), latex (coagulant), medicine, resin, salt, soap (bark, fruit), tannin (bark).

AFZELIA QUANZENSIS

Family Name: CAESALPINIOIDEAE
Common Names: mambakofi, mbarika, mbembakofi, mkomge, mkongo, lucky bean

Local Names: ambakofi, mkomba, mkola (BONDEI, SHAMBAA, ZIGUA); mkora (BUNGU, LONGO, SUKUMA, NYAMWEZI, ZINZA); mkola (GOGO, LUGURU, ZINZA, SUKUMA, SUMBWA, NYAMWEZI, LONGO); mbarikwa (MATUMBI, MWERA); mgongoma (KISI, MATENGO, YAO); mkongo (RUFIJI); mtama (MWERA); mongarama (NGONI); mkomba (NGURU); mhora, kola (NYAMWEZI); bmkongo (PARE); mfunguji (SANGU, HEHE); nkola (SUKUMA); mkongo (ZARAMO); mukora (ZINZA).
Potential Uses: bee plant, building materials, charcoal, firewood, fodder, food, fruit, furniture, land improvement (nitrogen fixing), medicine, shade, timber (boats, cabinets; termite resistant).

ALBIZIA GUMMIFERA

Family Name: LEGUMINOSAE (SUBFAMILY MIMOSOIDEAE)
Common Names: peacock flower

Local Names: ol sanguuwezi, asangupesi (ARUSHA); masakta (BARBAIG); tsori (BARBAIG, GOROWA, IRAQW); mkenge, mazi (BONDEI); mkenge-mazi, mkenge-mchala (BONDEI, SHAMBAA, ZIGUA); mfuranje, mboromo, mduka, mfurangi, moisiranga, mruka (CHAGGA); sort, sahati (FIOME); msanga (GWENO); myenzeyenze (HAYA); sarai (IRAQW); mseveya (LONGO); mkenge (LUGURU); mtanga (MATENGO, YAO, FIPA); ol geturai, osangupesi (MASAI); mosironga (MBUGWE); mkengemaji (NGURU); msame (PARE); msaamaji (RANGI); mshai (SHAMBAA).
Potential Uses: beehives, bee plant, building materials, domestic uses (mortars, water troughs), firewood, fodder, land improvement (mulch, nitrogen fixing, soil stabilization), medicine, ritual, shade, timber (boats).

ALBIZIA HARVEYI

Family Name: LEGUMINOSAE (SUBFAMILY MIMOSOIDEAE)
Common Names: sickle-leaved albizia

Local Names: olperelong'o (ARUSHA, MASAI); mkwagushashi, msisimisi (BONDEI, SHAMBAA, ZIGUA); mhogolo (GOGO, LUGURU); tuhalmo (GOROWA); tleharimo (GOROWA, IRAQW); msisina (HEHE); tlaheri (IRAQW); mfogolo (ISANZU); mkaransatu (LONGO); mazenzati (MATENGO, YAO); musisiviri, mfogolo (MBUGWE); mpogo, mufogoo (NYATURU); mpogolo (NYAMWEZI, SUKUMA, ZINZA); msisiviri (RANGI); mkami (SANGU, HEHE); mukaransatu (ZINZA).
Potential Uses: building materials (houses), charcoal, domestic uses (tool handles), fencing (live, posts), firewood, gum (called unala and sold in market in Dodoma), land improvement (nitrogen fixing), medicine, resin, shade, timber (termite resistant)

ALBIZIA PETERSIANA

Family Name: LEGUMINOSAE (SUBFAMILY MIMOSOIDEAE)
Common Names: mkenge, many-stemmed albizia

Local Names: osanguoisi (ARUSHA); mkenge, mkenge-mayoya, mchala, mfueta, msolola (BONDEI, SHAMBAA, ZIGUA); osimihhi (GOROWA, IRAQW); osangupesi, sangupesi (MASAI); mosisiviri (MBUGWE); musisigulu (NYAMWEZI); musimihi (NYATURU); msaamaji (RANGI).
Potential Uses: building materials, domestic uses (tool handles), firewood, fodder, shade, timber.

ALBIZIA SCHIMPERANA

Family Name: LEGUMINOSAE (SUBFAMILY MIMOSOIDEAE)
Common Names: mshai, mduka, forest long-podded albizia

Local Names: olsanguwesi (ARUSHA); mshai, mshai-mawe (BONDEI, SHAMBAA, ZIGUA); mfuruanga, mruka, mfuranje (CHAGGA); mchenje, mkenge-maji (GOGO); osangupesi, sangupesi (MASAI); mitanga (MATENGO, YAO); nduruka, nruka (MERU).
Potential Uses: building materials (termite resistant), charcoal, domestic uses (needles, tool handles), fibre, firewood, land improvement (nitrogen fixing), medicine, shade.

ALBIZIA VERSICOLOR

ALBIZIA VERSICOLOR

Family Name: LEGUMINOSAE (SUBFAMILY MIMOSOIDEAE)
Common Names: mkenge

Local Names: mnyanza (LUGURU); mtulanzila (MATENGO); mkindwanzagamba (NYAMWEZI); mkinu (SHAMBAA); mkingu (ZIGUA).
Potential Uses: beehives, charcoal, domestic uses, firewood, land improvement (nitrogen fixing), timber.

ALLANBLACKIA STUHLMANNII

Family Name: GUTTIFERAE
Common Names: mkanye, mwaka, mshambo

Local Names: mkamye, msambu (BONDEI, SHAMBAA, ZIGUA); mkanya, mkange, mkangi (SHAMBAA); msambu, msambo (SHAMBAA, NGURU); mkani, mkange (LUGURU); msambu-mbwiti (ZIGUA).
Potential Uses: dye, food (condiment), lighting, oil (food, liniment), timber.

ANNONA SENEGALENSIS (A. CHRYSOPHYLLA)

Family Name: ANNONACEAE
Common Names: mchekwa, mtope tope, wild custard apple, wild soursop

Local Names: mfila (BENDE); mtonkwe (BONDEI, SHAMBAA, ZIGUA); mtomoko, mrisirisi (CHAGGA); msasa (LONGO); mtopetope (MATENGO, YAO, RUFIJI); mfila, mtopetope, mtela, mkonola (NYAMWEZI); mbokwe (SHAMBAA); tope-tope (ZARAMO); mkonyo (ZINZA).
Potential Uses: domestic uses (tool handles), dye (bark = yellow), firewood, fodder, fruit, medicine, shade.

AZANZA GARCKEANA

Family Name: MALVACEAE
Common Names: snot apple, tree hibiscus

Local Names: emotoo (ARUSHA); mtobo (BENDE); mchai, matwa, mtoyo (GOGO); thogi, tlaghy (GOROWA); laghay (GOROWA, IRAQW); mtoyo, mtowo (HEHE); haghaiy (IRAQW); mutogo (KIMBU); emoloo, ormatoo (MASAI); mutago, mutogo (MBUGWE); mtovo, mutobo (NYAMWEZI); mtoo (NYASA); murogho, mutrogho (NYATURU); mtogho (NYIRAMBA); mtwa, mtula, msembere (RANGI); dong, xaxabo (SANDAWI).
Potential Uses: building materials (small uses), domestic uses (spoons, walking sticks, tool handles, bows), fibre (rope), fodder, food (masse soup), fruit, land improvement (green manure, mulch).

BALANITES AEGYPTIACA

Family Name: BALANITACEAE
Common Names: desert date

Local Names: olng'oswa (ARUSHA, MASAI); muwambangoma (BONDEI, SHAMBAA, ZIGUA, GOGO); mohoromo (CHAGGA); hai (GOROWA); ganyamda, hawi (GOROWA, IRAQW, BARBAIG); mkisingo (HEHE); hotlimo (IRAQW); mudugunga (ISANZU); muruguya (LONGO); mkongo (LUGURU); ganyamda (MANG'ATI); mdore (MBUGWE); mkonga (NGURU); mbambang'oma, muvambang'oma, mduguyu (NYAMWEZI); mfughuyu (NYATURU); mjijiva, nyijiva, kivambang'ombe (RANGI); mjirya (SONJO); nyuguyu, myuguyugu (SUKUMA); muruguyu (SUMBWA, ZINZA).
Potential Uses: building materials, domestic uses (tool handles, spoons), firewood, fencing (live), fodder, food (oil), fruit, furniture, gum, land improvement (mulch, nitrogen fixing, windbreaks), medicine, poison, ritual, shade, timber.

BERCHEMIA DISCOLOR

Family Name: RHAMNACEAE
Common Names: mnago, wild almond

Local Names: mgandu (GOGO); nyahumbu (POGORO); mkuni (NYAMWEZI); okoo (SANDAWI).
Potential Uses: bee plant, beverage (tea), building materials, domestic uses (combs, gun making, ladders, pestles), dye (roots = black; bark, wood = brown; bark = red), fodder, fruit, furniture, land improvement (windbreaks), resin, timber.

BOSCIA MOSSAMBICENSIS

Family Name: CAPPARACEAE
Common Names: broad leaved boscia

Local Names: nasichand (BARBAIG, IRAQW); sangetmo, tlangetimo (GOROWA); muwisa (HEHE); mosingisi (MBUGWE); msulula (NYAMWEZI); msingisa (RANGI).
Potential Uses: building materials, firewood, fruit, medicine.

BRACHYSTEGIA BOEHMII

Family Name: LEGUMINOSAE (SUBFAMILY CAESALPINIOIDEAE)
Common Names: myenze, myombo

Local Names: muyombo (BONDEI, SHAMBAA, ZIGUA); muyere (BENDE); nafumo (GOROWA, IRAQW); mnyenzi (LONGO); myenze (LUGURU); myombo (MATENGO, YAO); mfumbu (NYATURU); myenze, myombo (NYAMWEZI, SUKUMA).
Potential Uses: beehives, bee plant, charcoal, fibre (rope), firewood, tannin.

BRACHYSTEGIA BUSSEI

Family Name: LEGUMINOSAE (SUBFAMILY CAESALPINIOIDEAE)
Common Names: mionbo

Local Names: mtelela (HEHE); mgelegele, mtindiyombo, myombo (MATENGO, YAO); mjerijeri (MWERA); mkongolo (NYAMWEZI); msane (NYIKA); mhangala (ZIGUA, RANGI).
Potential Uses: beehives, bee plant, charcoal, domestic uses (tools), fibre (rope), firewood, medicine, timber.

BRACHYSTEGIA SPICIFORMIS

Family Name: LEGUMINOSAE (SUBFAMILY CAESALPINIOIDEAE)
Common Names: mtundu, mrihi, mriti, myombo

Local Names: muyombo, mtondolo (BONDEI, SHAMBAA, ZIGUA); mzombo (FIPA); mguji, mhangala, mriti, mtondote (GOGO); nafumo (GOROWA, IRAQW); mkwe (HEHE); mundu (LONGO); myombo, mzombo, mpapa (MATENGO, YAO); mkuti, muguti (NYAKYUSA); mtundu (NYAMWEZI, LONGO, LUGURU); msewe, mzimdiwi (NYIHA); mhangala (RANGI); luterewe (SANGU); ndagula (SANGU, HEHE); miyombo (SUKUMA); mtundu (SUMBWA).
Potential Uses: beehives, bee plant, charcoal, domestic uses (water containers, storage pots), dye (bark = black), fibre (rope), firewood, fodder, land improvement (mulch, nitrogen fixing), medicine, shade, tannin (bark 6 to 13%), timber (boats).

BREONADIA SALICINA (ADINA MICROCEPHALA)

Family Name: RUBIACEAE
Common Names: mgwina, adina

Local Names: mdogowe (BONDEI, SHAMBAA, ZIGUA); mgwina (MATENGO, YAO).
Potential Uses: building materials, domestic uses, firewood, furniture, medicine, shade, timber (boats; heavy, termite resistant).

BRIDELIA MICRANTHA

Family Name: EUPHORBIACEAE
Common Names: mkarati, mwiza

Local Names: mwiza, muiza, mwisa, mkarakata, mkolakola (BONDEI, SHAMBAA, ZIGUA); mwaru, monde, marie (CHAGGA); munyamaji, mlangali (FIPA); isalmo (GOROWA, IRAQW); mukuwe, mshamako, mwesa (HAYA); isaimo (IRAQW); mwiwa-nonya (LONGO); msumba (LUGURU); mayenda (MATENGO, YAO); mkolakole (NGURU); mwisya (NYAKYUSA); sengamino (NYIHA); msopa, munyeraminzi (TAN); mwiza (VIDUNDA); muesa, mweza (ZIGUA); mututututu (Zanzibar); msamiko (ZINZA).
Potential Uses: building materials, charcoal, domestic uses (tool handles, bows), dye (bark = black; twigs = red), firewood, fruit, furniture, medicine, resin (basket sealer), shade, tannin (bark), timber (boats; hard, termite resistant).

BURKEA AFRICANA

Family Name: LEGUMINOSAE (SUBFAMILY CAESALPINIOIDEAE)
Common Names: wild syringe, mgandomkarati, burkea

Local Names: mkarati (HEHE); mgandu (LONGO); mgando, mkalati (LUGURU); mpukupuku (MATENGO, YAO); mgando, mugando mkalati, mgando mkalati (NYAMWEZI); kaimbi (RANGI); msangala (SANGU, HEHE).
Potential Uses: building materials, charcoal, domestic uses (tool handles), fibre (chew sticks), firewood, fodder, furniture, gum, land improvement (nitrogen fixing), medicine, shade, tannin, timber (heavy).

CASSIPOUREA MALOSANA

Family Name: RHIZOPHORACEAE

Local Names: akabajan (BARBAIG); msengela (HEHE); funtsari (IRAQW); alaiseleki, osonjoi (MASAI).
Potential Uses: building materials, domestic uses (tool handles), timber.

COMBRETUM ADENOGONIUM (C. FRAGRANS, C. GHASALENSE, C. TERNIFOLIUM, C. TETRAPHYLLUM)

Family Name: COMBRETACEAE
Common Names: mlama

Local Names: mbadilo (HEHE); mlama, chinama (MATENGO, YAO); muluzyaminzi (NYAMWEZI).
Potential Uses: building materials, charcoal, firewood, food, medicine, shade.

COMBRETUM LONGISPICATUM (C. SPICATA)

Family Name: COMBRETACEAE
Common Names: mlama

Local Names: mgombogombo (GOGO).
Potential Uses: bee plant, land improvement (windbreaks, soil and water conservation), medicine, musical instruments (guitar), resin (chewing gum), shade.

COMBRETUM MOLLE (C. ATELANTHUM, C. GUEINZII, C. HOLOSERICEUM)

Family Name: COMBRETACEAE
Common Names: mlama, mgurure

Local Names: maroro, maroi, olbukoi (ARUSHA); gendai (BARBAIG, IRAQW); mlama (BENDE, LUGURU, NYAMWEZI, VIDUNDA); naganagachan (BARBAIG); mototi (GOROWA); gendamo (GOROWA, IRAQW, FIOME); mulama (MAYA, RANGI, ISANZU, NYATURU); gindamo (IRAQW); mjarujaru, mtibari (LONGO); mlama, mlama mwenge (LUGURU); tetekuriru, mbugwe, olmaroroi (MASAI); mlama, mdama (MATENGO, YAO); mlamadoli (NGURU); mruku (PARE); mgiito (RANGI); mnama (SHAMBAA); kaguwa, namamwela (SUKUMA); mugombwa (ZINZA).
Potential Uses: bee plant, building materials (termite resistant), charcoal, domestic uses (tool handles), fencing (posts), fodder, land improvement (mulch), medicine (human, animal), shade.

COMBRETUM ZEYHERI

Family Name: COMBRETACEAE
Common Names: mlama, msana

Local Names: olmaroroi (ARUSHA, MASAI); geta-reri (BARBAIG, GOROWA); mlama-we-ng'ala (BONDEI, SHAMBAA, ZIGUA); mototi, amagendai (GOROWA, IRAQW); mlelega (GOGO); gendai, gendumo (IRAQW); gendai (MASAI); teteko, iteleko (MBUGWE); msana (NYAMWEZI, NYATURU, SUKUMA); muhanyati (NYATURU); iteteko (RANGI); mlama (SANGU, HEHE); nsana (SUKUMA).
Potential Uses: building materials, fibre (roots-baskets), firewood, medicine, timber (soft, borer, termite proof).

COMMIPHORA AFRICANA (C. PILOSA)

Family Name: BURSERACEAE
Common Names: mponda, mturituri, mtwitwi

Local Names: osilalei (ARUSHA); naamo (BARBAIG, IRAQW); siponda (BENDE); mtuntwi, mtelwa (BONDEI, SHAMBAA, ZIGUA); msomvugo (GOGO); niimo (IRAQW, GOROWA); bakchandi, neemo (IRAQW); muzuhu (ISANZU); tundulu (MBUGWE); msagasi (NYAMWEZI); mujuhu (NYATURU); idaki, ijovya (RANGI); mawezi, mamezi (ZINZA).
Potential Uses: beehives, beverage (tea), building materials, domestic uses (spoons, tool handles, water troughs), dye (bark = red, brown), fencing (live, posts), firewood, fodder, food (oil), fruit, gum, insecticide, medicine, musical instruments, resin.

COMMIPHORA EMINII (SUBS. ZIMMERMANNII)

Family Name: BURSERACEAE
Common Names: mponda

Local Names: mgombogombo (GOGO); madawiri (GOROWA); naamo, niimo (IRAQW); mwamba ngoma (LONGO); itonto (RANGI); mgo'ngo'ngo'ngo, (SUKUMA).
Potential Uses: beehives, building materials, fencing (posts, live), firewood, fodder, furniture, land improvement (erosion control), medicine, resin, shade.

COMMIPHORA MOLLIS (C. STUHLMANNII)

Family Name: BURSERACEAE
Common Names: mponda

Local Names: mkongolo (GOGO).
Potential Uses: beehives, crafts, domestic uses (tool handles, spoons), furniture, timber.

COMMIPHORA TROTHAE

Family Name: BURSERACEAE
Common Names: mponda

Local Names: osilalei (MASAI).
Potential Uses: domestic uses (mortars, pestles, spoons), furniture (boxes), medicine.

COMMIPHORA UGOGOENSIS

Family Name: BURSERACEAE
Common Names: mponda

Local Names: mdachi (GOGO); mkongolo (HEHE); mponda, msusu (NYAMWEZI); mtono (SANGU, HEHE); mususu-nsusu, msusu (SUKUMA).
Potential Uses: beehives, bee plant, building materials, domestic uses (tool handles, spoons), furniture (local chairs), gum, shade.

CORDIA AFRICANA (C. ABYSSINICA)

Family Name: BORAGINACEAE
Common Names: mringaringa, mukumari, east african cordia

Local Names: mkibu (BENDE); mfufu, mzinga-zinga (BONDEI, SHAMBAA, ZIGUA); mringaringa (CHAGGA, MERU); sei (IRAQW, GOROWA); msinzizi, mbapu (LUGURU); mhyenya (MATENGO, YAO); mringaringa (MERU); musingati (NYIHA).
Potential Uses: beehives, bee plant, building materials, domestic uses (tool handles, mortars, utensils, water containers), fibre, firewood, fruit, furniture, gum (glue), land improvement (nitrogen fixing), medicine, shade (coffee), timber.

CORDIA SINENSIS (C. GHARAF, C. ROTHII)

Family Name: BORAGINACEAE
Common Names: nyamate

Local Names: baghalmo-lambi (FIOME); mdavi, mdawisogwe, mdawi (GOGO); hanarmo (GOROWA); bagharimo (IRAQW); ol durgo, ol durogo (MASAI); mochocho (MBUGWE); mdumwa-kingu (NYATURU); mhololo (PARE); mnembu (RANGI).
Potential Uses: beehives, bee plant, building materials (roofs of local houses), domestic uses (clubs, tool handles, walking sticks), fibre, firewood, fodder, fruit, furniture (stools), gum, medicine, ritual.

CROTON MACROSTACHYUS

Family Name: EUPHORBIACEAE
Common Names: broad leaved croton

Local Names: ololyapiyapi, olobiago (ARUSHA); liwurungu (BENA); mshunduzi (BONDEI, SHAMBAA, ZIGUA); mfurufuru, ifurufuru (CHAGGA); mzululwa (FIPA); meali, melia (GOROWA); mulugu, mulemugu, muhugu, muulungu (HEHE); msuju (KURIA); ololiapo, oloiyapiyap (MASAI); mfofuru, mfurfuru (MERU); mkurungu, mukuruguru, mulemugu (NYIHA); livuluku (PANGWA); liwulugu (SAFWA); mshunduzi (SHAMBAA); muhuwa (ZINZA).
Potential Uses: beehives, bee plant, building materials, domestic uses (tool handles), firewood, fodder, land improvement (mulch, soil conservation), medicine (insect repellent), ritual, shade.

CROTON MEGALOCARPUS

Family Name: EUPHORBIACEAE
Common Names: musine, croton

Local Names: mbali, lali, mlalai, mlandee, mnyaki, mwajaji, mergentu, lalei (CHAGGA); melia, meali (GOROWA); muhihi (HAYA); nziloi, eiloi, ziloi (IRAQW); ol mergoit, ol margait, ol marbait, olmarubai (MASAI); mhande (MATENGO, YAO); marabai (MERU); muhande (PARE).
Potential Uses: bee plant, building materials, fencing (live, posts), firewood, fodder, land improvement (mulch, green manure), medicine, shade.

CROTON MACROSTACHYUS

DALBERGIA ARBUTIFOLIA

Family Name: LEGUMINOSAE (SUBFAMILY PAPILIONOIDEAE)
Common Names: mjiha

Local Names: mjiha (GOGO); warambu, menday (IRAQW); musungua (NYATURU).
Potential Uses: building materials (termite, beetle resistant), crafts, charcoal, domestic uses (tool handles, walking sticks, mortars spoons), firewood medicine.

DALBERGIA MELANOXYLON

Family Name: LEGUMINOSAE (SUBFAMILY PAPILIONOIDEAE)
Common Names: mpingo, poyi, african blackwood, zebra wood

Local Names: oitlaska, oltiaska (ARUSHA, MASAI); masojanda (BARBAIG); mhingo (LUGURU, NGURU, BONDEI, SHAMBAA, ZIGUA); kidamo, kinti (CHAGGA); mpingo, mhingo, q'oya (GOGO); nyamfunza, nyamfunga (LONGO, RANGI); endisika (MASAI); mwajinde (MBUGWE); mgembya, mgembe (NYAMWEZI, SUKUMA); mupako (NYATURU); minday, nyamfunza, tamumo mhembete (RANGI); gembe, ngembi (SUKUMA); mpingo (VIDUNDA, MWERA); mgembya (ZINZA).
Potential Uses: beehives, building materials (hard, ant, beetle proof), crafts, domestic uses (clubs, hammers, spears, sticks), dye (heartwood = red), fodder, land improvement (green manure, mulch, nitrogen fixing), medicine, musical instruments.

DALBERGIA NITIDULA

Family Name: LEGUMINOSAE (SUBFAMILY PAPILIONOIDEAE)
Common Names: kafinulambasa

Local Names: mhuga (BONDEI, SHAMBAA, ZIGUA, NGURU); mjiha (GOGO); guadi (GOROWA, IRAQW); mwoma (LONGO); lungwe, unhungu (MATENGO, YAO); kafinulambasa, mbelambasa, kapondalambasa (NYAMWEZI); mobibi (NYATURU); munjeja (RANGI); msinantemo (SANGU); monya, mwoma (ZINZA).
Potential Uses: building materials charcoal, domestic uses (mortars, pestles, tool handles, walking sticks), dye (bark, roots = red; bark = yellow), firewood, fodder, medicine.

DICHROSTACHYS CINEREA (D. GLOMERATA, D. NYASSANA)

Family Name: LEGUMINOSAE (SUBFAMILY MIMOSOIDEAE)
Common Names: mkulajembe, sickle bush

Local Names: endundulu (ARUSHA, MASAI); mutundurunt, mtundarai (BARBAIG, IRAQW); kikulagembe, mkeragembe, mchelegembe (BONDEI, SHAMBAA, ZIGUA); mwingano (CHAGGA); ksimjulu, mpangala (FIPA); mdaberi, dabiri (RANGI); girwangw, girwal (GOROWA, IRAQW); gewawu (GOROWA); mgelele (HEHE); mtundulu (ISANZU, GOGO, LUGURU, NYAMWEZI, SUKUMA); mtunduru (LONGO, NGURU); msawanyama (LONGO, ZINZA); chingunguti (MATENGO, YAO); mutundu (NYATURU); mukalakanga (MBUGWE); mukeregembe (NGURU); muvuluvulu (SUMBWA); mkeragembe (ZIGUA); musuruwantyasa (ZINZA).
Potential Uses: bee plant, building materials (bomas), charcoal, domestic uses (tool handles), fencing (live, posts), fibre, firewood, fodder, land improvement (nitrogen fixing, soil conservation), medicine.

DIOSPYROS KIRKII

Family Name: EBENACEAE
Common Names: ebony

Local Names: mfurata (LUGURU); mng'akora (MWERA); mnumbulu (NYAMWEZI); mkokokivu (VIDUNDA).
Potential Uses: domestic uses (tool handles, gun making), firewood, fruit, shade.

DIOSPYROS MESPILIFORMIS

Family Name: EBENACEAE
Common Names: mgiriti, african ebony

Local Names: msinde (BENDE, CHAGGA); mhukwi, mkulwie, mgirite, mgodogodo (BONDEI, SHAMBAA, ZIGUA); mkadi, mkuare (CHAGGA); mtitu, msindangurwe, msinde (LUGURU); nzakala we mwana (MATENGO); mtitu (LUGURU); msinde, mkinde (NYAMWEZI); mjongolo (PARE); mkoko (VIDUNDA).
Potential Uses: bee plant, beverage, building materials, crafts, charcoal, domestic uses (gun stocks, tool handles), dye (bark = blue), firewood, fruit, furniture, land improvement (mulch, nitrogen fixing), medicine, shade, timber.

ENTADA ABYSSINICA

Family Name: LEGUMINOSAE (SUBFAMILY MIMOSOIDEAE)
Common Names: tree entada

Local Names: mubundu (BENDE); mfufuma-simba (BONDEI, SHAMBAA, ZIGUA); arei-desu (GOROWA); mugelagela (HEHE); msaningala (ISANZU); msarwa (KURIA); mwegambura, miganzula (LONGO); mvulambula (LUGURU); mtangati, mzenzati, munzati (MATENGO, YAO); mfutambula (NYAMWEZI); ijwejwe (RANGI); musangisangi (ZINZA).
Potential Uses: domestic uses (grave markers), firewood, fodder, land improvement (mulch, nitrogen fixing), medicine, ritual (rainmaking), salt, shade, soap.

ERYTHRINA ABYSSINICA (E. TOMENTOSA)

Family Name: LEGUMINOSAE (SUBFAMILY PAPILIONOIDEAE)
Common Names: muhuti, mwamba-ngoma, kaffir boom, lucky bean tree, red-hot-poker tree

Local Names: olowani (ARUSHA); manenei (BARBAIG); mbeko (BEN DE); mlungu-magoma, mlungu-matumbi, mulugu (BONDEI, SHAMBAA, ZIGUA); mriri (CHAGGA); mtiti (FIPA); mbilimisi (GOGO); mlinzi (HAYA); angel qanguzi, quanquari, quanquzi (IRAQW); mlenzi (KEREWE); mulinzi (LONGO); olngaboli, oloboni (MASAI); mheveheve (MATENGO, YAO); mhalalwa-huba (NYAMWEZI, SUKUMA); msiviti (NYATURU); kichumbichumbi (RANGI); muhemi (SANGU, HEHE); murungu (SHAMBAA); mpilipili, mkalalwanghuba, mungu (SUKUMA).
Potential Uses: beehives, bee plant, building materials, crafts (toys, drums, necklaces), domestic uses (pestles, mortars, cork for fishnets), dye (roots = red; bark = brown), firewood, land improvement (nitrogen fixing, mulch, soil conservation), medicine, ritual, shade.

EUCLEA DIVINORUM

Family Name: EBENACEAE
Common Names: mdaa, magic quarri

Local Names: osojoo, olkoinye (ARUSHA, MASAI); iwuruka, mkenge (CHAGGA); sinyanyi (GOROWA, IRAQW); musikizi (HAYA); mhimbachigulu, mhekele, mauhekere (HEHE); minighit, furusinya-nyi, furufinyi (IRAQW); mhekele, mhimbachigulu (KAGURU); ikeng, ekeni (MERU); mudaa (NYATURU); mbanjiru (RANGI); mdaa, mdala (SHAMBAA).
Potential Uses: building materials, dye (bark = brown), fibre (toothbrushes), firewood, food, fruit, furniture (hard wood), ink (fruit = purple), medicine.

EUPHORBIA CANDELABRUM

Family Name: EUPHORBIACEAE
Common Names: candelabra tree

Local Names: mwasa, kimbuti (BONDEI, SHAMBAA, ZIGUA); mnangali (GOGO); athang (GOROWA, IRAQW); mlangali (HEHE, NYAMWEZI, SUKUMA); mwaisonga (MBUGWE); mlangale (NYAMWEZI, SUKUMA); mwasa (RANGI); mwandu (SUKUMA).
Potential Uses: fencing (live), musical instruments (drums), ritual, shade.

EUPHORBIA TIRUCALLI

Family Name: EUPHORBIACEAE
Common Names: malangali, mchakaazi, utupa, utupa mwasi, rubber hedge euphorbia

Local Names: sapu (BONDEI, SHAMBAA, ZIGUA); manyala (GOGO, HEHE, LUGURU); mnara (GOGO); mulwaghai, mulahay (GOROWA, IRAQW); manyori, mluhhi (IRAQW); manyara (LONGO, GOGO); kigomvu (LUGURU); oloile, ol aile (MASAI); munyaa, mulughwai, muluhhay (NYATURU); luwondu, mnyala (RANGI); mgofu (SANGU, HEHE); mnala, inala, munyala, mhunga shalo (SUKUMA); manyara (SUMBWA); kibaranga (ZIGUA); mnyara, mangara (ZINZA).
Potential Uses: fencing (live), gum (glue = used to catch birds), land improvement (soil conservation, windbreaks), medicine (insect repellent-ants), poison (bird, fish, arrow).

FAUREA SALIGNA

Family Name: PROTEACEAE
Common Names: beechwood

Local Names: dakta, ol garian (ARUSHA); msisi (BONDEI, SHAMBAA, ZIGUA); mfuka, mudi (CHAGGA); msega (FIPA); dukti (GOROWA, IRAQW); mhenyi, mwemba (HEHE); behetoh, kakta (IRAQW); mwenba, mhenyi (KAGURU); sense (SAFWA); sese, nsese (KONDE); mteteleka (MATENGO, YAO); msize mgosi (SHAMBAA).
Potential Uses: beehives, bee plant, charcoal, domestic uses (tool handles), dye (bark, leaves = red), firewood, furniture, land improvement (windbreaks), medicine, ritual, timber (hard).

FICUS SYCOMORUS (F. GNAPHALOCARPA, F. MUCOSA)

Family Name: MORACEAE
Common Names: mkuyu, sycamore fig

Local Names: mkuyu (BONDEI, SHAMBAA, ZIGUA, GOGO, MATENGO, YAO, RANGI, NYAMWEZI); olngaboli (ARUSHA); antsi (BARBAIG, GOROWA, IRAQW); kuyu (FIOME); mukuyu (RANGI, NYATURU); mkunyu (LONGO); ol nanboli, ol gnangobli, ol mangulai (MASAI); mkuyu (NYAMWEZI); saklana (SANDAWI); njombe (SANGU, HEHE); mkuju (ZARAMO).
Potential Use: beehives, bee plant, fencing (live), fodder, food, fruit, firewood, land improvement (mulch, soil and water conservation), medicine, ritual, shade, timber.

FICUS THONNINGII (F. NATALENSIS)

Family Name: MORACEAE
Common Names: mrumbapori, mtschamwa, common wild fig, strangler fig

Local Names: mvumo, mwumo (BONDEI, SHAMBAA, ZIGUA); mkuu (CHAGGA); mlumba (GOGO); munyam-wonyu, mtoma mtenza, mshasha (SUBI); tiita (FIOME); mugumo (KIMBU); ndola (KONDE); oreteti (MASAI); mlandoge (NGONI); mlumba (NYAMWEZI); mugumo-wa-ntwike (NYIRAMBA); mumu-muzura (RANGI); muwomo (SHAMBAA).
Potential Uses: beverage (local beer), fencing (live), fibre (rope), fire starter, fodder, glue (latex), gum, land improvement (mulch, soil and water conservation, windbreaks), medicine, ritual, shade.

FICUS VALLIS-CHOUDAE

Family Name: MORACEAE

Local Names: olng'aboli (ARUSHA); mkuyu-mpeho (BONDEI, SHAMBAA, ZIGUA); mkuuyu (CHAGGA); mkuju (GOGO, NYAKYUSA); ikuu (MERU); mkuyu (SHAMBAA).
Potential Uses: bee plant, firewood, land improvement (soil and water conservation), shade.

FLACOURTIA INDICA (GMELINA INDICA)

Family Name: FLACOURTIACEAE
Common Names: mkingila, mchongoma, ngovigovi, mgo, indian plum

Local Names: msungu (BENDE); mchongoma (BONDEI, SHAMBAA, ZIGUA, HEHE); msambuchi (CHAGGA); mnyondoiya (DIGO); mwanga (FIPA); tsapenai (GOROWA); mgola (HEHE, ZIGUA); sokhaimo (IRAQW); mrambuchi (KAGURU); mgora (LUGURU); mbilupili, mng'unga (MATENGO); staswa, mtaswa, mtawa (MWERA, RUFIJI); msingila, mpuguswa (NYAMWEZI); musingisa (NYATURU); olleleroi (Masai); mtundukarya (RANGI); mlukua mhuli, puguswa (SUKUMA); msugussu, msungusu (ZINZA).
Potential Uses: domestic uses (tool handles), fodder, fruit, firewood, medicine, tannin (bark), timber.

GREWIA BICOLOR

Family Name: TILIACEAE
Common Names: false brandybush

Local Names: mkole (BENDE, GOGO, LUGURU, ZARAMO); mkole-ngoda (BONDEI, SHAMBAA, ZIGUA); lomo (GOROWA, IRAQW); mkomakoma (HA, MAYA, ZINZA); lagangi, lagaang-aawak (IRAQW); esitete, osiminde, os siteti (MASAI); musuna-nu-kuu (MBUGWE, NYATURU); mkomalendi, mkoma (NYAMWEZI); mduwau, mfuwau (RANGI); mswere (RUFIJI); coo, (SANDAWI); mperemehe (SANGU, HEHE); mukoma, mkoma (SUKUMA); mkole mweupe (ZARAMO).
Potential Uses: bee plant, building materials, domestic uses (arrows, bows, spoons, tool handles, walking sticks), fibre (rope), firewood, fodder, food, fruit, medicine, ritual, shade, soap (leaves = sapon).

GREWIA MOLLIS

Family Name: TILIACEAE

Local Names: ositeti (ARUSHA, MASAI); lomo (GOROWA, IRAQW); lagangi, lagagir-daat (IRAQW); mukoma (NYAMWEZI, SUMBWA); musuma (NYATURU); mkomakoma (RULI); mdaguata (SUKUMA).
Potential Uses: bee plant, beverage, fibre (rope), medicine, salt.

GREWIA PLATYCLADA

Family Name: TILIACEAE

Local Names: olmangulai-oloing'oni (ARUSHA, MASAI); mpelemehe (GOGO); lomo-peh (GOROWA); firaakwi (GOROWA, IRAQW); hawata, uduboguta (IRAQW); mpelemense (NYAMWEZI); iperemesi (RANGI); mbajua (SANGU, HEHE); mperemezi, mpelemese (SUKUMA).
Potential Uses: bee plant, building materials (doors), firewood, fodder, fruit, medicine.

HAGENIA ABYSSINICA (H. ANTHELMINTICA)

Family Name: ROSACEAE
Common Names: mlozilozi, hagenia

Local Names: ol kijabe, lengijabe, alchani-lengai (ARUSHA); mfoono (BENA); mrozirozi (BONDEI, SHAMBAA, ZIGUA); mwanga, mwalanga, ihanga, mlanga, mlaagi (CHAGGA); mweretsi, mweretzi (HEHE); ihangala (LONGO); songejaye, alchani-lengai, ngivavi (MASAI); mlanga (MERU); mtulenya, mturungu (NYAKYUSA); lifuwuna (PANGWA); mkumburu (SAFWA); luziluzi, mrosirose (SHAMBAA).
Potential Uses: bee plant, building materials, crafts, dye (bark, wood = red; bark, wood = yellow) firewood, land improvement (mulch, soil conservation, firebreaks), medicine, timber.

ILEX MITIS

Family Name: AQUIFOLIACEAE
Common Names: african holly

Local Names: genda-na-mto (BONDEI, SHAMBAA, ZIGUA); masi (CHAGGA); mamparoi (IRAQW); mgambo (MATENGO, YAO); sengati (NYIHA); saangati (SAFWA).
Potential Uses: building materials, firewood, fruit, medicine (healing wounds), shade, soap.

JULBERNARDIA GLOBIFLORA

Family Name: LEGUMINOSAE (SUBFAMILY CAESALPINIOIDEAE)
Common Names: muwa

Local Names: mhangala, mtondoro (BONDEI, SHAMBAA, ZIGUA); msima (FIPA); mguji, musina (GOGO); mpimati, mukata (HEHE); hewasi (IRAQW); muva (LUGURU); mchenga (MATENGO, YAO); muva, muba (NYAMWEZI); mtata (RANGI).
Potential Uses: bee plant, charcoal, dye (bark = brown; bark soaked in mud = black;), fibre (rope), firewood, land improvement (nitrogen fixing), medicine.

JUNIPERUS PROCERA

Family Name: CUPRESSACEAE
Common Names: mwangati, african pencil cedar

Local Names: ol darakwa, ol tarakwa (ARUSHA, MASAI); semis (BARBAIG); mwangati, mlalo, mbalu (BONDEI, SHAMBAA, ZIGUA); mdrawaka, mtarakwa, nderakwa, nso (CHAGGA); mselemuka, mbechera, mselemko (KINGA); altarakwai, oltatakwai (MASAI); nderakwa, msingo (MERU); selemuka (NYAKYUSA, WANJI); mselemuka, noge (WANJI).
Potential Uses: beehives, building materials, fencing (posts), land improvement (shade, windbreaks), medicine, pencils, timber (termite resistant).

KHAYA ANTHOTHECA (K. NYASICA)

Family Name: MELIACEAE
Common Names: mkangazi, african mahogany, red mahogany

Local Names: mbogwa, mkangazi, ntondoo, mtondoo (BONDEI, SHAMBAA, ZIGUA); mtembo (FIPA); myofu (HA); mhebi (HEHE); mkangazi (LUGURU, VIDUNDA); nyaelasi, ilulu (NYAKYUSA); muwawa (MATENGO, YAO); mbogwa (NGURU); mbulu (NYIHA); mwawa (POGORO).
Potential Uses: building materials (flooring), dye (bark = red, brown), firewood, furniture, land improvement (windbreaks), medicine, shade, timber (boats; hard, termite, borer resistant).

KIGELIA AFRICANA (K. AETHIOPICA)

Family Name: BIGNONIACEAE
Common Names: mwegea, sausage tree

Local Names: ol darboi, oldaboi (ARUSHA, MASAI); melegea (BONDEI); nzungwa (FIPA); mkenka (GOGO); dated (GOROWA); mzengute, mugunguti (HAYA); mangafi (IRAQW); mulunzi (ISANZU); msunguti (LONGO); muegea (LUGURU); mosofwa (MBUGWE); mtandi (MWERA); mvungwe (NGURU); msanghwa, mvungwa (NYAMWEZI); mungungu (NYATURU); musuva (RANGI); myigeya (RUFIJI); mfumbi (SANGU, HEHE); mwicha, ngwicha (SUKUMA); mdungwa, mvungwe (ZIGUA); mzingute (ZINZA).
Potential Uses: bee plant, beverage (beer), domestic uses (tool handles), dye (fruit = black), firewood, food, fruit, land improvement, medicine, ritual.

KIGELIA AFRICANA (K. AETHIOPICA)

LANNEA SCHWEINFURTHII var. STUHLMANNII

Family Name: ANACARDIACEAE
Common Names: mtundu, msiyu, false marula

Local Names: eravande (ARUSHA); mumbu (BONDEI, SHAMBAA, ZIGUA); muwumbu (GOGO); orbochandi (GOROWA, IRAQW); thigii, orbochandi, tambaragi (IRAQW); mumendo, omosaruwa (KURIA); mtokatoke (LONGO); muhingilo (LUGURU); ndelamwana (MATENGO); mpupi (MWERA); msaru (NGURIMU); mnyumbu (NYAMWEZI); musagha (NYATURU); msighe (PARE); msakawa (RANGI); mpiwipwi (RUFIJI); msayu, msirgu, nsayu (SUKUMA); muhondobogo, mnyamendi, mribwampara (ZINZA).
Potential Uses: dye (bark = brown, red, purple), fibre (rope), fodder, fruit, furniture, medicine, ritual, tannin (bark), timber.

LONCHOCARPUS CAPASSA

Family Name: LEGUMINOSAE (SUBFAMILY PAPILIONOIDEAE)
Common Names: rain tree, lilac tree

Local Names: mfumbii (BONDEI, SHAMBAA, ZIGUA); mpapala (GOGO); mfumbiri, mkunguga (LUGURU); mkaku (MATENGO, YAO); muvale, muvalevale, nkubangubi (NYAMWEZI); mware (SANGU, HEHE); libale (SANGU); nkuba-nghubi, mkubahuhi, mare, mivare, mnali, nmali (SUKUMA).
Potential Uses: bee plant, building materials, charcoal, domestic uses (tool handles, mortars), firewood, fodder, food (seeds), land improvement (nitrogen fixing), medicine poison (fish) ritual.

MARKHAMIA OBTUSIFOLIA

Family Name: BIGNONIACEAE
Common Names: golden bean tree

Local Names: mpapa (BENDE); muyuyu, myuyu (BONDEI, SHAMBAA, ZIGUA); mguwoguwo (GOGO); khikhiwi (GOROWA, IRAQW); mkola (HA); mguagua, mguvani (HEHE); mumwilili (WEMBA); mkora (LONGO, ZIGUA); mbapa (LUGURU, NYAMWEZI); mpugapuga (MATENGO, YAO); ngeba (MWERA); khikhiwi, mlyali, mulati (NYATURU); itunene (RANGI); mguani (SANGU, HEHE); mbapa, mumbapa, mtarawanda (SUKUMA).
Potential Uses: building materials (houses), domestic uses (tool handles, toilet tissue), fencing (live), firewood, fodder, furniture, medicine, ritual (leaves used for fortunes), shade.

MARKHAMIA ZANZIBARICA (M. ACUMINATA)

Family Name: BIGNONIACEAE
Common Names: mtalawanda, bean tree

Local Names: mtalawanda (GOGO, ZINZA); mtalavanda, mtalabanda (NYAMWEZI); mtarwenda, mtarewanda (RUFIJI); minziigutile, minza-wigutile (SUKUMA).
Potential Uses: building materials, domestic uses (tool handles, spoons), fibre (rope), firewood, furniture (beds), medicine.

MILICIA EXCELSA (CHLOROPHORA EXCELSA)

Family Name: MORACEAE
Common Names: mvuli, mvule, iroko (West Africa)

Local Names: muyanzi (BUNGU); mrie (CHAGGA); muzuli, mwuli (HAYA); mpugusi (HEHE, WANJI); mtalula (MWERA); mwale (NYAKYUSA); mvule (VIDUNDA); mzule (ZIGUA); msule (ZINZA).
Potential Uses: building materials, dye (bark = yellow), furniture, land improvement (mulch, nitrogen fixing), medicine, shade, timber (boats).

MARKHAMIA ZANZIBARICA (M. ACUMINATA)

OCOTEA USAMBARENSIS

Family Name: LAURACEAE
Common Names: mkulo, East African camphor wood, camphor

Local Names: nkuro, mkuro, mkulo, mtoa-mada, mkenene, mkarambaki, mtambaa (BONDEI, SHAMBAA, ZIGUA); muwong, mwawong, mseri (CHAGGA); muheti (HEHE); gwasi (IRAQW); mbawira (KINGA); musiwisiwi (KUKWE); msibisibi (NYAKYUSA); maase, maasi (PARE); nsebi (SAFWA); mkenene (SHAMBAA).
Potential Uses: beehives, building materials, crafts, firewood, furniture, land improvement, medicine, timber.

OLEA CAPENSIS (O. WELWITSCHII)

Family Name: OLEACEAE
Common Names: mushargi, loliondo, iron wood, elgon olive

Local Names: olmasi (ARUSHA, MASAI, MERU); lolyondo (ARUSHA, PARE); nasojan (BARBAIG); mchiyo, mshio, mudi (CHAGGA); sasi (FIPA); sahati, flamno-awak, tsalmo (IRAQW); ololiondoi (MASAI); loliondo (MATENGO, YAO); mshiyo (MERU).
Potential Uses: building materials, charcoal, domestic uses (needles), fibre, firewood, fodder, furniture, land improvement (nitrogen fixing), medicine, timber (hard).

OLEA EUROPAEA SUBS. AFRICANA (O. CHRYSOPHYLLA)

Family Name: OLEACEAE
Common Names: loliondo, brown olive, wild olive

Local Names: olorieni (ARUSHA, MASAI); emit (BARBAIG); mamala, muhagati, mziragembe, msakiro, mziaghembe (BONDEI, SHAMBAA, ZIGUA); senefu, mtamioi, mlamuru (CHAGGA); sahhati (FIOME); zahhati (GOROWA, IRAQW); mhagati, muhagati (HEHE); sahati, hlanmo (IRAQW); mamala (NGURU); ol oliondoi, oloi orient (MASAI); lorieni (MERU); lagaiyanecheit (MANG'ATI); muranganji (PARE); msigajembe (SHAMBAA).
Potential Uses: bee plant, building materials, charcoal, crafts, domestic uses (water containers, walking sticks), fencing (live, posts), fibre (toothbrushes), firewood, fodder, food, fruit, furniture, land improvement (soil conservation, windbreaks), medicine, timber (hard).

OXYTENANTHERA ABYSSINICA

Family Name: POACEAE
Common Names: mwanzi, mlanzi, plains bamboo, wild bamboo

Local Names: asi, lasi (BONDEI, SHAMBAA, ZIGUA); mulanzi, kitindi (HEHE); mbunga (KONDE); mlanzi (LUGURU); mlanzi, mlahi (MATENGO, YAO); mpunga, mwanzi (MWERA).
Potential Uses: beverage, building materials, domestic uses (arrows, tool handles), fencing (live, posts), fibre (baskets), fodder (leaves), food, furniture, land improvement (erosion control, windbreaks).

PARINARI CURATELLIFOLIA

Family Name: CHRYSOBALANACEAE
Common Names: mbura, mbola plum, fever tree

Local Names: umbula, mbula nyakyusambula (BENDE); amafa-aa, amaafa (GOROWA, IRAQW); munanzi (MAYA, LONGO, ZINZA); msawola, msawula (HEHE); mnazi, umanazi, omunazi (LONGO); mbula, mbuni, mpembu, mbuui (MATENGO, YAO); mubula, muvula, (NYAMWEZI); mbula (NYAMWEZI, ZARAMO); ikusu, ibula (NYIHA); mafaa, mumura, mumora (RANGI); mnazi (SUKUMA); mnadsi (ZINZA).
Potential Uses: charcoal, domestic uses (yokes), dye (fruit = black; leaves = red; bark = red, brown), firewood, fodder, food (oil), fruit, medicine, tannin, timber (boats; hard).

PARINARI EXCELSA

Family Name: CHRYSOBALANACEAE
Common Names: mbura

Local Names: mhula, mbula, muuwa, muula (BONDEI, SHAMBAA, ZIGUA); msabula, msaula (HEHE); muganda (PARE); mula, hula, muwa (ZIGUA).
Potential Uses: bee plant, beverage, crafts, charcoal, domestic uses, dye (fruit = black, red), firewood, fodder, food (oil), fruit, furniture, medicine, tannin (bark, wood), timber (hard).

PERICOPSIS ANGOLENSIS (AFRORMOSIA ANGOLENSIS)

Family Name: LEGUMINOSAE (SUBFAMILY PAPILIONOIDEAE)
Common Names: muvange, mbanga, afromosia

Local Names: umubanga (HAYA); mmanga (LUGURU); muwanga (MATENGO, YAO); muvanga, mwanga (NYAMWEZI); mmanga (VIDUNDA); mbanga (ZINZA).
Potential Uses: charcoal, crafts, domestic uses (pestles, mortars), fencing (posts), firewood, furniture, gum, land improvement (nitrogen fixing), medicine, ritual (used to chase away witchcraft), timber (railway sleepers; hard).

PODOCARPUS LATIFOLIUS (P. MILANJIANUS)

Family Name: PODOCARPACEAE
Common Names: podo, pod, east african yellow wood

Local Names: dukumo, dukmo (BARBAIG, IRAQW); laganechet, laganehel (BARBAIG); mse (BONDEI, SHAMBAA, ZIGUA); mtokosi, mtongosa, tawaso, msoso, mtosi (CHAGGA); mfulanyelele (FIPA); mwenbinyigo, mwembenyigo (HEHE); nuki (IRAQW); mkensi (KINGA); muanziri (LUGURU); orpiripiri (MASAI); mseso (MERU); nyalulasi (NYAKYUSA); lipume, muwima (PANGWA); mwarinyani (RANGI); siegi (SAFWA); mnoge (SANGU); msena-mawe, mse-mawa, msekichanga (SHAMBAA).
Potential Uses: building materials, crafts, firewood, furniture (boxes), medicine, shade, timber.

PRUNUS AFRICANA (PYGEUM AFRICANUM)

Family Name: ROSACEAE
Common Names: mkomahoya, mueni, bitter almond, red stinkwood

Local Names: olkonjuku, ol gujuk (ARUSHA); mdundulu, mkomahoya (BONDEI, SHAMBAA, ZIGUA); mudy, muuri, mkonde-konde, mseneo (CHAGGA); gwaami (FIOME); mfila (FIPA); guvaami, gwame, gwa'ami (GOROWA, IRAQW); gulaami (GOROWA); mwiluti, mwiuti (HEHE); mpembati (KINGA); olkonjuku (MASAI); mdundulu (NGURU); wami (RANGI); ligabo (SAFWA); mufubia (ZINZA).
Potential Uses: bee plant, building materials, charcoal, domestic uses (containers, mortars), firewood, furniture, land improvement (windbreaks), shade, timber.

PRUNUS AFRICANA (PYGEUM AFRICANUM)

PTEROCARPUS ANGOLENSIS

Family Name: LEGUMINOSAE (SUBFAMILY PAPILIONOIDEAE)
Common Names: mninga, bloodwood

Local Names: mhagata, mninga (BONDEI, SHAMBAA, ZIGUA); asaninga (FIPA); mpagata (GOGO); muvembadanda (HEHE); mhagata (LUGURU); mtumbati (MATENGO, YAO, GOGO, MWERA, MATUMBI); mtumbati jangwa (MWERA); mninga (NYAMWEZI); mninga (SUBI); mlambadanda (VIDUNDA); muhagata, (SUKUMA, ZIGUA).
Potential Uses: bee plant, building materials, domestic uses (bowls, mortars), dye (wood, roots = red; bark = brown), firewood, fodder, furniture, gum, land improvement (nitrogen fixing, soil conservation), medicine, musical instruments (drums), timber (boats; resistant to termites, borers).

RAUVOLFIA CAFFRA (R. NATALENSIS)

Family Name: APOCYNACEAE
Common Names: mkufi, mwembe mwitu, msesawe, quinine tree

Local Names: njavokalia, ol chapukalyan (ARUSHA, MASAI); mlengwelengwe (BONDEI, SHAMBAA, ZIGUA); mtwentwe (BENDE); msesewe (CHAGGA, MERU); mkongo (GOGO); harey, hariie (GOROWA, IRAQW); muverivevi (HEHE); msumai (RANGI); oljabokalyan (MASAI); mtelawa, mbamba (MATENGO, YAO); musunguti (NYIHA); mutu (MERU); nkuma, mkuna, mpugupugu (NYAKYUSA); muyesani, mwimbe, msabua, mvumbamvula (NYANJA); ng'weeti, mweti (SHAMBAA); tuungulemba (TAN).
Potential Uses: beehives, bee plant, beverage (beer), building materials, domestic uses (containers, pipes, spoons, tool handles), firewood, furniture, land improvement (soil and water conservation nitrogen fixing), medicine, shade.

RHUS NATALENSIS

Family Name: ANACARDIACEAE
Common Names: red currant

Local Names: emusigiyai (ARUSHA); ormisigiyoi (ARUSHA, MASAI); mhunguru-mhomba (BONDEI, SHAMBAA, ZIGUA); msangula (FIPA); msakasaka, mkungulu (GOGO); datlii (GOROWA); msagara (HA); msagara, omusheshe (HAYA); mtunumbi, muhehefu (HEHE); mstunga, sirongi ambalung, daltii, dated (IRAQW); mubulagankuku (ISANZU); musheshe (KEREWE); msangura (KURIA); msenswa (LONGO); ol mesigei (MASAI); musyunga (NYATURU); msakasaka (RANGI); mhunguru (SUKUMA); msense (ZINZA).
Potential Uses: beverage (beer), fibre (toothbrushes), firewood, fruit medicine timber.

SALVADORA PERSICA

Family Name: SALVADORACEAE
Common Names: musuake, msuake, mustard tree, toothbrush tree

Local Names: mswaki, simbakigulu (BONDEI, SHAMBAA, ZIGUA); mkunghuni (GOGO); msaki, mswaki (GOROWA, IRAQW); eremiti, o remit (MASAI); modee (MBUGWE); chigombo (MWERA); mswake (SANGU, HEHE); muche, mswake (SUKUMA); mswaki (ZIGUA).
Potential Uses: fibre (toothbrushes), firewood, fodder, food (oil), fruit, land improvement (erosion, salt control, soil reclamation), medicine, soap.

SOLANUM INCANUM

Family Name: SOLANACEAE
Common Names: mndulele, mtunguja

Local Names: endulele (ARUSHA); hangalmo (BARBAIG, GOROWA, IRAQW); mtua, mtula (BONDEI, SHAMBAA, ZIGUA); nduo (CHAGGA); hangar (GOROWA, IRAQW); mtula endulelei (MASAI); matungusa, mtungujamito, mtungusa (NYAMWEZI); ntula (SUKUMA).
Potential Uses: fruit, medicine, ritual.

STROPHANTHUS EMINII

Family Name: APOCYNACEAE
Common Names: msungulu, mtondo

Local Names: mvyo-vyo, mvele vele, mwese wese, mweri weri, mveli veli, mwelewele, mvingayakale (GOGO); mtowo, muveriveri, mtolo, (HEHE); msegwe (LONGO); msungururu (NGURU); mwiliweli, mwelewele, mtungululu, muveriveri, muvelevele, mwiveli (NYAMWEZI); mtowo (RUAHA); nyawera (SANGU, HEHE); msungulula, msungululu (SUKUMA); msengwe (ZINZA).
Potential Uses: building materials, crafts (beads), domestic uses (tool handles), medicine, poison.

STRYCHNOS COCCULOIDES (S. SCHUMANNIANA)

Family Name: LOGANIACEAE
Common Names: mpera-mwitu, mtonga, corky-bark monkey orange

Local Names: mpande (GOGO); mkome (LONGO); mdonga, madonga (MATENGO, YAO); m'milwa, mtonga, mumilwa, (NYAMWEZI); mnyowa, mnywewa (SANGU, HEHE).
Potential Uses: building materials, domestic uses (tool handles), dye, fodder, fruit, medicine, shade, soap.

STRYCHNOS INNOCUA

Family Name: LOGANIACEAE
Common Names: mtonga, mgulungungulu

Local Names: bunkundu (BENDE); mkwaka, mtonga (BONDEI, ZIGUA); mkulua, munhulwa (GOGO); furundau, hohoigara (GOROWA, IRAQW); muhundwa (HA); mbaya (HEHE); mukomo, mkomu msege (KURIA); mkome (LONGO); hehemgulungulu (MWERA); mtonga, mumundu, mkulwa, mpundu (NYAMWEZI); mpundu, mkulugundu (NYATURU); mung'ulung'ulu (SANGU); g e'kegheke (SANDAWI); mtanga (SHAMBAA); mhundu (SUKUMA); mumirwa (SUMBWA); msungwe (ZANAKI); mkome, mkwata (ZINZA).
Potential Uses: building materials, domestic uses (tool handles), firewood, fruit, medicine.

SYZYGIUM CORDATUM

Family Name: MYRTACEAE
Common Names: waterberry

Local Names: msu (FIPA); mzambarao, muhu, muhulo (GOGO, LUGURU); awartu (GOROWA, IRAQW); mugege (HAYA); mnyono, muvengi (HEHE); orokutuno, irakutwa (IRAQW); msivia (HA); imivengi (KINGA); mgege, mgeye (LONGO); msungunde (NGURU); mpegele (NYAKYUSA); mshiwi (SHAMBAA); mtalala mweupe, mzati (ZARAMO); mzeze (ZINZA).
Potential Uses: beverage, building materials, dye (bark = black, blue), firewood, fruit, furniture, medicine, poison, ritual.

SYZYGIUM GUINEENSE

Family Name: MYRTACEAE
Common Names: mzambarau mwitu, msambaran, mzambarai, woodland waterberry, waterpear, waterboom

Local Names: geta-da-qwal (BARBAIG); mulambo (BENDE); masdi (CHAGGA); mulambo, mlalambo (FIPA); mzarabo (FUFIJI); muhulo (GOGO); awartu (GOROWA); mchwezi (HAYA); muvengi, muvenge (HEHE); muswaru, mkamati, mbajiru, matlarmo, sonari, irgatu (IRAQW); issassa (KEREWE); nguluka, mpegele (KONDE); msalazi (LONGO, LUGURU); nkolo (MATENGO, YAO); msengele, muhu (NYAKYUSA); mwasya, kisambalawe (NYAMWEZI); mzarabo (RUFIJI); muhuba, mschihui, sambarau (SHAMBAA); msambarao (TAN COAST); muvenge (ZIGUA); msanguru, mgege (ZINZA).
Potential Uses: bee plant, building materials, charcoal, domestic uses (seasoning containers), firewood, fodder, fruit, medicine, tannin, timber (hard).

TAMARINDUS INDICA

Family Name: LEGUMINOSAE (SUBFAMILY CAESALPINIOIDEAE)
Common Names: mkwaju, tamarind

Local Names: ol masambrai (ARUSHA, MASAI); mshishi (BENDE, NYAMWEZI, SUKUMA); mkwazu, nshishi (BONDEI, SHAMBAA); moya (CHAGGA); msisa (GOGO, LONGO, ZINZA); mishighi (GOROWA, IRAQW); mitlighi, mithingiti (GOROWA); ukwezu, mkwezu (MATENGO, YAO); mosinko (MBUGWE); mkwaju (NYATURU, TAN); mkwesu (RUFIJI, ZIGUA); mkwaja, mkweso (RUFIJI); msisi, (SANGU, HEHE, GOGO, BENDE, NYAMWEZI); mkwaju, nshishi, bushishi (SUKUMA); mdai (VIDUNDA); musisa (ZINZA).
Potential Uses: bee plant, beverage, charcoal, domestic uses (tool handles, mortars, pestles, walking sticks, carts), fencing (posts), fibre (chew sticks), firewood, fruit, furniture, gum, land improvement (nitrogen fixing), medicine, shade, tannin, timber (boats).

TECLEA NOBILIS

Family Name: RUTACEAE
Common Names: small-fruited teclea

Local Names: litisi, ii-itsi (BARBAIG); mlimangombe (CHAGGA); omuzo (HAYA); mputsa, mwatatsi (HEHE); iiliisi, wahari (IRAQW); muzo (LONGO); mdimu (NYAMWEZI); nkwaati, kilongolo (SHAMBAA); mju (SUKUMA); mudso, mudzo (ZINZA).
Potential Uses: building materials, charcoal, domestic uses (hoe pins, bowls, clubs, tool handles, spears, walking sticks), firewood, land improvement (soil and water conservation), medicine.

TERMINALIA SERICEA

Family Name: COMBRETACEAE
Common Names: mkaa, silver terminalia

Local Names: kaselenge (BENDE); mbuko (CHAGGA); bukuumo (GOROWA, IRAQW); sarakwi (GOROWA); mwanya msimira (LONGO, ZINZA); moumba (LUGURU); olbukoi (MASAI); mufuulu (NYATURU); mpululu (SANGU, HEHE, GOGO); mzima, (SUKUMA, NYAMWEZI); mtanga (ZARAMO); msinira, munyaga (ZINZA).
Potential Uses: building materials, charcoal, domestic uses (tool handles), fencing (posts), fibre (rope), firewood, fodder, furniture, land improvement, medicine, shade, timber.

TREMA ORIENTALIS (T. GUINEENSIS)

Family Name: ULMACEAE
Common Names: msasa, mpesi, mgendagenda, pigeonwood

Local Names: ol matata (ARUSHA); mshinda, mshinga (BONDEI, SHAMBAA, ZIGUA); lushinga (BUNGU); mwezi, mshinga, mwesi (CHAGGA); maauk (GOROWA); omuhuwe, muuwe (HAYA); slarakahe (IRAQW); omuhohwe (KEREWE); mpeswe (KUKWE); mbefu (LUGURU); mpeho (MATENGO, YAO); mwefu (MERU); mpehwe (NYAKYUSA); mwesu (PARE); mohowe (SUKUMA); mpehe, mshanulo, mbehe, mpessi, mpehi (ZARAMO); mpera, mshinga, boriti, msinga (ZIGUA).
Potential Uses: bee plant, building materials, charcoal, dye (leaves = brown), fencing (posts), fibre (rope, fishing line), firewood, fodder, fruit, land improvement (mulch, soil reclamation, nitrogen fixing), medicine (insect repellent), shade.

TRICHILIA EMETICA (T. ROKA)

Family Name: MELIACEAE
Common Names: mkungwina, mtimaji, mtimai, musikili, natal mahogany

Local Names: mgolimazi, mbangwe, mbwewe, (BONDEI, SHAMBAA, ZIGUA); mkongoni, mehengo, mchengo, mututu, mwavai (CHAGGA); nyembe mwitu (GOGO); taewi (IRAQW); mtengotengo, mjagengo (LUGURU); ketakaiko (MBUGWE); mgolemazi (NGURU, SHAMBAA); msanguti (NYAKYUSA); mtandaruka (SUBI); sungute (SUKUMA); monko-ya-nyika (ZIGUA, SHAMBAA).
Potential Uses: bee plant, building materials, firewood, fodder, furniture, land improvement (catchment rehabilitation, windbreaks), medicine, poison, ritual, shade, soap (seeds = oil), timber.

UAPACA KIRKIANA (U. GOETZEI)

Family Name: EUPHORBIACEAE
Common Names: mkusu, wild loquat

Local Names: mhugu (BONDEI, SHAMBAA, ZIGUA); mguhu (HEHE, BENA); mkusu (HEHE, NYAMWEZI, BENA, BENDE, LONGO); mgulu, ntalla (HEHE); mhendabogo, mugusu (LONGO); msuku, mhuku (MATENGO, YAO); mssuku (NGONI); mkuhu (NYAKYUSA); migulu (LUGURU).
Potential Uses: bee plant, beverage (beer), building materials, charcoal, domestic uses (spoons), firewood, fruit, furniture, medicine, shade, timber (termite, borer resistant).

VANGUERIA INFAUSTA (V. TOMENTOSA)

Family Name: RUBIACEAE
Common Names: mtiegu, viru, mviru, muiru, wild medlar

Local Names: engumi (ARUSHA, MASAI); mvilu, mviu (BONDEI, SHAMBAA, ZIGUA); babaxchet, matharimo, malharimog, barangu (BARBAIG); msanda (FIPA); baranku (GOROWA); msada (HEHE, NYAMWEZI, VIDUNDA); msambarawe (HEHE); mviru, muvirwa, barai (IRAQW); mukungulusuli (ISANZU); mufitanda (KEREWE); mgango (LONGO); mpendo, lindikiti (MATENGO, YAO); mulade-mujenghuma (NYATURU); mdaria, ndaria (PARE); mnyabwita (ZINZA).
Potential Uses: building materials, firewood, fruit, land improvement (nitrogen fixing), medicine (some people do not use this tree as it is believed to possess evil powers).

VANGUERIA INFAUSTA (V. TOMENTOSA)

VANGUERIA MADAGASCARIENSIS

Family Name: RUBIACEAE
Common Names: mviru

Local Names: engumi, ol madanyi (ARUSHA, MASAI); loshoro (ARUSHA); karowo, kiworo, ndawiro, ndowo (CHAGGA); msada (GOGO, NYAMWEZI); muviru, msada (GOGO); mviru erakwtu (IRAQW); imumua (MERU); mulade (NYATURU); mubilu (NYIRAMBA); mbiro, mdaria (PARE).
Potential Uses: building materials, firewood, fruit.

VITEX DONIANA (V. CUNEATA, V. CIENKOWSKII)

Family Name: VERBENACEAE
Common Names: mfuu, mfulu, mfudu, vitex, black plum

Local Names: mgobe (BONDEI, SHAMBAA, ZIGUA); mufita (FIPA); mfulu (GOGO, ISANZU, LUGURU); orrolmo (GOROWA); mjumbau, mpuru, mukoronto (KEREWE); muviru, muvuru (LONGO); kiputu (LUNGU); mpitimbi (MATENGO, YAO); mpindimbi (MWERA); mgwobe (NGURU); mfulu, mfuzu, mfurulegea, mpulu (NYAMWEZI); mkunungu (NYIHA); mchinka, mufita (SUMBWA); mkoga (VIDUNDA); mfuru (ZARAMO, LUGURU, MBUNGA, POGORO); muvuru (ZINZA).
Potential Uses: bee plant, building materials, charcoal, crafts, dye, firewood, fodder, food, fruit, furniture, land improvement (mulch, nitrogen fixing), medicine, shade, tannin, timber (boats).

VITEX PAYOS (V. IRINGENSIS)

Family Name: VERBENACEAE
Common Names: mfulu

Local Names: mfulu (GOGO, HEHE).
Potential Uses: bee plant, building materials (roofing), firewood, fodder, fruit, medicine.

WARBURGIA SALUTARIS (W. UGANDENSIS)

Family Name: CANELLACEAE
Common Names: msokonoi, ol sokoni, east african greenheart, pepper-bark tree

Local Names: mdee, mdele, mlifu (BONDEI, SHAMBAA, ZIGUA); sokanay, sagonai (GOROWA, IRAQW); muhiya (HAYA); msokonoi, olmsogoni (MASAI); musuni (MERU).
Potential Uses: firewood, fodder, food (leaves = spice; roots = soup), gum (glue), land improvement (green manure, mulch, nitrogen fixing), medicine, resin, shade, timber.

XERODERRIS STUHLMANNII

Family Name: LEGUMINOSAE (SUBFAMILY PAPILIONOIDEAE)
Common Names: wing pod

Local Names: mnyinga (GOGO), mnyenye (NYAMWEZI).
Potential Uses: beehives, domestic uses (mortars), dye (bark = red), firewood, fodder, furniture (local chairs), land improvement (windbreaks), medicine, ritual, shade.

XERODERRIS STUHLMANNII

XIMENIA AMERICANA

Family Name: OLACACEAE
Common Names: timbui timbui, mtumbui tumbui, mtundakula, mpingi, small sourplum, wild plum

Local Names: mpingipingi (BENA); msantu (BENDE); muhingi, mtundwi (BONDEI, SHAMBAA, ZIGUA); lama (CHAGGA); mpundwe, mtundwe (GOGO); tarantu (GOROWA, IRAQW); mingi, mtundwahai (HEHE, SANGU); mutuhu (IRAQW, ISANZU); olama (MASAI); membwa (MATUMBI); ol amai (MBUGWE); mnembwa (NYAMWEZI, SUMBWA); mnemwua, mbangwa nyoma, mtundwa, mnembwa mudo (NYAMWEZI); mpingi (RUFIJI); msheka (RULI); mpingi, mtundwa (SUKUMA); mhingi (ZARAMO).
Potential Uses: beverage, domestic uses (tool handles), firewood, fodder, food (oil), fruit, medicine.

XIMENIA CAFFRA

Family Name: OLACACEAE
Common Names: tundwa, large sourplum

Local Names: maayangu (BARBAIG, GOROWA); musamtu (BENDE); mtundwe (GOGO); maayangumo (GOROWA); mjengu, mjingu, mtundui (ISANZU); mseaka (KEREWE); mseka, museka (LONGO, ZINZA); lame (MASAI); mtundwa (NYAMWEZI, HEHE, SUKUMA); mnembwa, mtundwa (NYAMWEZI); mutundwe (NYATURU); msheka (RULI); mingi (SANGU, HEHE); mnembwa (SUMBWA).
Potential Uses: building materials, domestic uses (oil, spoons, tool handles), firewood, food, fruit, medicine.


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