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A deciduous tree found in Miombo forests, lowland thickets, or dry woodlands (RSCU 1992). It is common in low lying areas and dry forests (Palgrave 1988).

Minimum Altitude (m):


Maximum Altitude (m):



Soil Requirements: Prefers medium light soils, and well-drained soils that are not waterlogged.

Influential Factors: Deep rooted.


Seed Treatments: Pods are woody, large, and thick, up to 30×6 cm, and contain 6 or more hard, shiny black beans with a red aril. Collect pods from a healthy, desirable parent, and remove the seeds. Seeds may be stored if unopened, but once the hard woody pod opens, insects will destroy the seed. Produces many seeds. Good germination. No pretreatment is needed. Sow seeds directly in containers, and outplant after 4 to 6 months in the nursery (Teel 1984).

Seeds per kg:


Germination Rate (%):


Seed Sources:

1500 TSH per kg Tanzania National Seed Centre 1991


Planting Types: Good shade tree due to a short bole and large leaves. Its ability to mix with crops is unclear (Teel 1984). A. quanzensis has potential for agroforestry in Miombo woodlands (RSCU 1992).

Growth Factors: Slow growing, but can be relatively fast growing on appropriate sites.


Use #1: TIMBER
Heavily exploited and highly valued as timber, the wood is hard, heavy, durable, and termite resistant (Teel 1984). Light red wood darkens with exposure and has an interlocking grain. It is hard but easy to work and takes a high polish. The timber is valued for furniture and building materials, including doors, cabinets, and canoes.

Use #2: FODDER
Leaves and pods are used as animal feed in Dodoma. The leaves are also edible by humans.

The roots are used to treat chest pains, kidney problems, and for snakebites. A basic poison was found in the root by a government chemist in Dar es Salaam (Westman Draft). It has been reported that people have been killed by ingesting the roots.

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