Found in so called 'grong water bushland' in low altitude arid and semiarid areas. It prefers moist river beds but is also found on termite mounds and in littoral scrub. In Tanzania C. sinensis is found in the coastal areas and in the central and northern dry regions (RSCU 1992).
Soil Requirements: Prefers moist river beds but can grow in stony or saline soils (RSCU 1992).
Influential Factors: Has adapted to withstand flooding, even prolonged flooding (Westman Draft). It is a Useful tree in arid areas.
Means of Propagation: Direct sowing, seedlings, and cuttings.
Seeds per kg:
Seed Treatments: Fruit becomes round and bright orange as it ripens, and hangs in conspicuous clusters. Fruit is pulpy and sticky, and about 2 cm long. No treatment has been recommended.
Planting Types: Can tolerate a wide range of sites. Growth patterns range from compact, densely growing shrubs to small compact trees under 12 m.
Growth Factors: Fairly fast growing.
Management Systems: Tolerates lopping, pollarding, and coppicing.
Use #1: MEDICINE
The roots and bark are used for stomach disorders in both children and adults. A decoction of boiled roots is used to treat malaria. It is reported that 3 finger sized pieces of the root can cause an abortion (Westman Draft). Bark and roots are mixed to treat conjunctivitis in cattle.
Use #2: FRUIT
Fruits are often put in porridge and are used as a sugar substitute.
Use #3: GENERAL PURPOSE WOOD
In Dodoma it is used in the construction of local houses and for roofs. It is also used for tool handles, walking sticks, clubs, and stools.