Rare plants of Socotra Island, Republic of Yemen
National Project Director of Forestry Development
The flora of Socotra is famous world wide. More than 750 have been recorded to grow on
the Island of which 250 species do not grow in other parts of the world.
IUCN published a book entitled the red book information on the most rare 200 plant
species in the world. The following 7 rare species are found on Socotra island: Dirachma
socotrana, Aloe squarrosa, Dendrosicyos socotranus, Taverniera sericophylla, Dorstenia
gigas, Begonia socotrana, and Punica protopunica.
BOTANICAL DESCRIPTION AND GEOGRAPHICAL DISTRIBUTION OF
THE MOST IMPORTANT PLANT SPECIES IN THE ISLAND
A small tree that can reach a height of 3 meters. Its flowers
are bright red and the fruit color changes from green to dark red when ripe. The tree
grows all over the Island, mostly in single specimens.
A small deciduous tree with small serrate leaves which grows
only in Socotra in hilly areas.
A medium size tree which reaches up to 8 meters. The fruits
look like small grapes. It grows only in Socotra in hilly areas.
A small tree with scaly bark, lobbed dark green leaves and
bright red flowers. The tree is native to Socotra Island. It produces medium quality
This herb of global leaves and bright rose flowers, grows on
the moist groves in the mountain areas of the Island. It is a very rare and valuable
This type of Aloe is associated with Aloe perry .
Leaves are white spotted and flowers are red.
This is also a very rare plant which grows only on mountainous areas on the north edge of
Adenium obesum subsp. socotranum
This is a tree of swollen pole which produces abundant
quantities of pale red flowers and is very poisonous.
A small tree which produces yellow flowers and exists only on
Socotras mountains. The wood is used for incense.
This tree has a dense crown, pale yellow flowers and black
fruits. It is native to Socotra Island only.
This is one of the most famous trees in Socotra. It grows on
the coastal plains and hills. It is the only tree in the Curbitaceae family.
Zizyphus spina - christi
This is a medium sized to tall tree of yellow edible, fruits.
It is native to the Arab Peninsula.
This small tree has shiny green leaves and reaches up to 2 m
high. It grows only on Socotra Island.
It is a leafless tree of erect stem and produces resinous
exudates. The fruits are brown. The tree exists only on the coastal plains of Socotra.
It is a small tree that reaches maximum 3 m. The leaves are
lobbed and the flowers are small and yellow. It grows only in Socotra.
This is a small fleshy plant with a swolllen bottle like stem.
The leaves are dark green. It grows only in Socotra
Sterculia africana subsp Socotrana
This is one of the largest trees in Socotra. It grows on hills
and is native only to the Island.
It is a tree which has a straight stem that reaches up to 3 m.
It grows on coastal plains. It has a significant role in soil stabilization.
This small tree of weeping branches has attractive white
flowers.It grows on coastal plains and hills. It is native only to Socotra.
This fleshy cactus of orange and yellow flowers, grows only in
Socotra, all over the Island.