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G. Scale of contributions 1962-63

Scale of contributions 1962-631


United Nations scale

FAO scale





Afghanistan 0.05 0.07 0.08
Argentina 1.01 1.35 1.46
Australia 1.66 2.22 2.35
Austria 0.45 0.60 0.56
Belgium 1.20 1.61 1.71
Bolivia 0.04 0.04 0.04
Brazil 1.03 1.38 1.34
Burma 0.07 0.09 0.10
Cambodia 0.04 0.04 0.04
Cameroun 0.04 0.04 -
Canada 3.12 4.18 4.09
Central African Republic 0.04 0.04 -
Ceylon 0.09 0.12 0.13
Chad 0.04 0.04 -
Chile 0.26 0.35 0.35
Colombia 0.26 0.35 0.41
Congo (Brazzaville) 0.04 0.04 -
Congo (Leopoldville) 0.07 0.09 -
Costa Rica 0.04 0.04 0.04
Cuba 0.22 0.30 0.33
Cyprus 0.04 0.04 -
Dahomey 0.04 0.04 -
Denmark 0.58 0.78 0.79
Dominican Republic 0.05 0.07 0.07
Ecuador 0.06 0.08 0.08
El Salvador 0.04 0.04 0.07
Ethiopia 0.05 0.07 0.08
Federation of Malaya 0.13 0.17 0.22
Finland 0.37 0.50 0.47
France 5.94 7.96 8.42
Gabon 0.04 0.04 -
Germany, Federal Republic2 5.70 7.64 7.01
Ghana 0.09 0.12 0.09
Greece 0.23 0.31 0.30
Guatemala 0.05 0.07 0.07
Guinea 0.04 0.04 -
Haiti 0.04 0.04 0.04
Honduras 0.04 0.04 0.04
Iceland 0.04 0.04 0.04
India 2.03 2.72 3.23
Indonesia 0.45 0.60 0.62
Iran 0.20 0.27 0.28
Iraq 0.09 0.12 0.12
Ireland 0.14 0.19 0.21
Israel 0.15 0.20 0.18
Italy 2.24 3.00 2.96
Ivory Coast 0.04 0.04 -
Japan 2.27 3.04 2.88
Jordan 0.04 0.04 0.04
Korea2 0.19 0.25 0.28
Kuwait2 0.04 0.04 -
Laos 0.04 0.04 0.04
Lebanon 0.05 0.07 0.07
Liberia 0.04 0.04 0.04
Libya 0.04 0.04 0.04
Luxembourg 0.05 0.07 0.08
Madagascar 0.04 0.04 -
Mali 0.04 0.04 -
Mauretania 0.04 0.04 -
Mexico 0.74 0.99 0.93
Morocco 0.14 0.19 0.18
Nepal 0.04 0.04 0.04
Netherlands 1.01 1.35 1.33
New Zealand 0.41 0.55 0.55
Nicaragua 0.04 0.04 0.04
Niger 0.04 0.04 -
Nigeria 0.21 0.28 -
Norway 0.45 0.60 0.64
Pakistan 0.42 0.56 0.53
Panama 0.04 0.04 0.04
Paraguay 0.04 0.04 0.04
Peru 0.10 0.13 0.14
Philippines 0.40 0.54 0.56
Poland 1.28 1.72 1.80
Portugal 0.16 0.21 0.26
Romania 0.32 0.43 -
Saudi Arabia 0.07 0.09 0.08
Senegal 0.05 0.07 -
Sierra Leone 0.04 0.04 -
Somalia 0.04 0.04 -
South Africa 0.53 0.71 0.74
Spain 0.86 1.15 1.22
Sudan 0.07 0.09 0.08
Sweden 1.30 1.74 1.83
Switzerland2 0.95 1.27 1.28
Syria3 - - -
Thailand 0.16 0.21 0.21
Togo 0.04 0.04 -
Tunisia 0.05 0.07 0.07
Turkey 0.40 0.54 0.78
United Arab Republic 0.30 0.40 0.42
United Kingdom 7.58 10.15 10.23
United States of America 32.02 32.02 32.51
Upper Volta 0.04 0.04 -
Uruguay 0.11 0.15 0.16
Venezuela 0.52 0.70 0.66
Viet-Nam2 0.16 0.21 0.26
Yemen 0.04 0.04 0.04
Yugoslavia 0.38 0.51 0.46
    100.00 100.00

Associate Members' Contributions4

British Guiana 0.024 %
Jamaica 0.024 "
Mauritius 0.024 "
Rhodesia and Nyasaland 0.09 "
Tanganyika 0.024 "

1 See Resolution No. 42/61
2 Not Members Or the United Nations.
3 To be split up between the United Arab Republic and Syria after decision by the United Nations Committee on Contributions.
4 Accruing to Miscellaneous Income.

H. Terms of reference of the technical committees of the conference

The Council decided to recommend that the Terms of Reference of the Technical Committees should be defined as follows.

The Technical Committees shall, where appropriate, perform the following functions (not necessarily all of them at every Conference session, but those that are most pertinent to the respective sections of the program of work under consideration):

  • 1. Review the activities of the biennium which is coming to an end under the Regular Program, technical assistance programs and other programs, including joint consideration of specific activities by two or more Committees, where desirable, and with particular attention to:
  • (a) the extent to which the approved program has been carried out, noting any modifications and the reasons for them;

    (b) the effectiveness of the work done, i.e., an evaluation of meetings and training centers held, publications issued, technical assistance rendered, etc;

    (c) the success achieved in securing the participation of governments in various activities, i.e., attending meetings, carrying out their shares of co-operative projects, providing adequate support, counterpart personnel, etc. in connection with technical assistance projects, etc.; and

    (d) the success achieved in co-ordinating FAO activities with those of other organizations.

  • 2. Consider the technical and economic aspects of the program of work for the coming biennium, particularly:

  • (a) the extent to which attention is being focused on the problems of greatest concern to Member Governments, upon which FAO may be expected to provide useful information or render effective assistance to those governments;

    (b) the extent to which the means selected for carrying out the program of work are those likely to serve the needs of governments to good advantage, i.e., how far a reasonable balance is achieved within the resources assigned for various purposes, such as personnel, meetings, travel documentation, etc.;

    (c) the methods of approach being employed to ensure more effective country participation, including the preparation and the provision of facilities for regional and international meetings, the provision of funds and competent personnel for national projects for which technical assistance has been requested, and the supplying of national statistics and other information, and what could be done to improve prospective country participation which appears inadequate;

    (d) specific questions upon which the Director-General requests guidance;

    (e) changes which, in the light of the discussion on the foregoing subparagraphs (a) - (d) and of any proposals put forward by participants, should be made in the activities planned for the coming biennium, either by deletion or substitution, with due attention to priorities;

    (f) the adequacy of the arrangements being made for collaboration with other agencies and between divisions.

  • 3. Consider trends in the program of work beyond the next biennium, with a view to suggesting:

  • (a) phases of the program of work that should be brought to completion;

    (b) new work that might be undertaken, particularly in view of emerging problems, and listed on a priority basis;

    (c) shifts of emphasis that might be made among continuing projects, in relation to world and regional needs;

    (d) improvements in or new avenues of collaboration among divisions within FAO and with agencies;

    (e) desirable shifts in emphasis in the methods of work used in serving member countries.

  • 4. Study any special problems that might be specifically referred to them, such as:

  • (a) initial consideration of special subject-matter topics;
    (b) specific budgetary, organizational, or staffing problems.
  • I. ILO/FAO/UNESCO agreement on agricultural education

    1. FAO/UNESCO consultations on agricultural education
    2. Memorandum of agreement between ILO, FAO and UNESCO supplementing the UNESCO/FAO agreement on agricultural education

    1. FAO/UNESCO consultations on agricultural education

    Rome, 15 September 1960 / Paris, 31 October 1960



    Mr. A. H. Boerma Mr. R. Maheu
    Mr. S. K. Dey Mr. M. S. Adiseshiah
    Dr. D. Kimmel Mr. J. Guiton
    Mr. A. G. Orbaneja Mr. P.C. Terenzio
      Mr. A. de Silva

    The purpose of the consultations was to find practical ways and means for co-operation between FAO and UNESCO in the field of agricultural education, with special reference to Technical Assistance and Special Fund projects. The representatives of both Organizations were aware of the interest of ILO in this matter and decided to keep that Organization fully informed of these consultations.

    The following aspects of the problem were discussed:


    UNESCO and FAO have a joint concern with the higher level of agricultural education. As regards teaching staff, UNESCO's concern is with the basic sciences and FAO's concern is with applied agricultural sciences. It is agreed that, as a matter of policy both agencies will recommend establishment of faculties of agriculture within the framework of a University. Advising on the planning and development of a faculty, college or institute is primarily an FAO responsibility with UNESCO participating on matters relating to integration of the faculty or college within the university and on other questions of university administration and on the preparation of curricula. Where the college or faculty of agriculture is the first unit of higher education in a country, FAO and UNESCO will both be involved from the start since the development of both basic and applied sciences would be required.

    The general need and resources for education should always be taken into account in planning agricultural education at higher levels, but this does not mean that a faculty or college of agriculture should not be established until a complete pan and system of general education has been developed.

    In relation to the planning and implementation of Special Fund projects, agreement was reached on co-operation at each of the four stages as follows:

  • 1. Advice to governments on preparation of request. It was agreed that the representative of the agency initiating preparation of the draft request in the country would consult with the appropriate representative of the other agency in that country.

    2. Review at agency headquarters of requests referred to the agencies by the Special Fund. A copy of any request received by one agency will immediately be sent to the other for comment. If agreement cannot be reached by correspondence or telephone, personal consultations will be arranged so that an agreed position can be submitted to the Fund by the agency which received the request.

    3. Preparation and negotiation of plan of operations. The executing agency designated by the Special Fund will consult the other. It will send the draft plan of operations to the other agency for comments. If agreement cannot be reached by correspondence or telephone personal consultations will be arranged at the invitation of the executing agency.

    4. Implementation of the project. The executing agency will, where posts falling within the competence of the other agency are called for, arrange for participation of the other agency by means of subcontracts transferring the money from one agency to the other for payment of experts or fellowships.


    Agricultural education at the intermediate level is a joint concern of FAO and UNESCO, The relative concern of the two Organizations varies with the general level of education and development in a country. FAO's concern is predominant where the main function of a school is the preparation of lower- and medium-level employees for ministries of agriculture, other agricultural development agencies, and other forms of direct agricultural employment, and therefore the curriculum is heavily weighted on the applied agricultural side. UNESCO's concern is predominant where the emphasis in intermediate agricultural schools is on general education content as preparation of students for advanced education rather than direct employment. It is, therefore, clearly recognized that the situation is not static and that consequently, the relative responsibilities of UNESCO and FAO are likely to vary.

    Parallel systems of agricultural education at the intermediate (or any other) level will not be encouraged. The policy of both UNESCO and FAO will be to work for adaptation and improvement of existing institutions, regardless of the ministry in which they are located, rather than creation of new ones. In recommending establishment of agricultural education facilities at the medium level, due account would be taken of the requirements and resources for development of education in general.


    Out-of-school education in agriculture is considered as an exclusively FAO function. General extension methods, however, are not exclusively applicable to agricultural extension. UNESCO provides advice and assistance to governments in such areas as preparation and use of mass media of communication and in visual teaching aids. FAO will encourage its agricultural extension experts and government agricultural extension services to make use of the facilities available from UNESCO.


    The preparation of teachers for intermediate level agricultural schools is a matter requiring a joint effort by UNESCO and FAO. It is desirable that such preparation be undertaken in a Faculty (Department) of Agriculture in dose co-operation with a Faculty (Department) of Education to permit concurrent training in both technical content and educational methodology.


    UNESCO takes the initiative in all general surveys of education with FAO participating in planning and carrying out the sections having to do with agricultural education. FAO will take the initiative in surveys dealing exclusively with agricultural education with the actual survey being conducted jointly by the two agencies.

    Meetings having to do with education in general are a UNESCO responsibility, FAO participation being invited as appropriate. Meetings in agricultural education have in the past been organized by FAO but consideration will be given to joint FAO-UNESCO sponsorship in the future. This will not be possible for the Latin-American meeting (August 1961, Quito, Ecuador), for which plans have been completed in co-operation with the Organization of American States. However, UNESCO's active participation is invited.


    At its Eleventh Session (November-December 1960) the General Conference of UNESCO will consider the advisability of an international instrument on technical and vocational education. Such an instrument would be submitted to the General Conference for approval in 1962.

    It was agreed that FAO would be consulted at all stages of preparation of the instrument. As a first step FAO would send UNESCO within a week a statement of their position to be issued as an addendum to the document to be submitted to the General Conference of UNESCO.

    It was decided that the agreement reached on these consultations should be conveyed to ILO, the Special Fund, Technical Assistance Board representatives, UNESCO and FAO Country Representatives and the Administrative Committee on Coordination which may report on it to the Economic and Social Council.

    2. Memorandum of agreement between ILO, FAO and UNESCO supplementing the UNESCO/FAO agreement on agricultural education

    Representatives of ILO, FAO and UNESCO met at UNESCO House on 27 February 1961 for the purpose of supplementing the Agreement on Agricultural Education which had been reached between FAO and UNESCO in September-October 1960 in which it was noted that " the representatives of both Organizations were aware of the interest of ILO in this matter. "

    The representatives of the three agencies concurred in the following statement of ILO interest and responsibilities in this field:

    The general or over-all interest and responsibility of ILO in agricultural training and education concerns in the first place the relationship between training and employment. The role of ILO is to ensure that vocational training programs in agriculture are based on the assessment of actual and potential needs of the country or region in skilled manpower at different levels in agriculture and in agricultural services and institutions, that they are conducive to security of productive and remunerative employment in its broad economic sense, and that they contribute to a proper balance in employment between agriculture and other sectors of the economy. A necessary element of comprehensive programs is the provision of training in nonagricultural skills for those workers whether hired, semi-independent or self-employed - who are not fully employed in agriculture or whom for other reasons it may be desirable to transfer to other occupations.

    Within this broad framework, the co-operation of the three agencies may take the following forms:

  • (a) At the international and regional levels, the agencies will continue to co-operate in the organization of conferences centers and training courses for higher and intermediate personnel engaged in vocational training in agriculture and forestry and in the granting of fellowships to facilitate participation.

    (b) At the national levels, the three agencies have a concern in assisting governments in the over-all planning and organization of programs of vocational education and training in agriculture including forestry at various levels, to ensure that such programs are provided and that they are organized in an effective, rational, systematic and coordinated manner.

    (c) ILO will take the lead in out-of-school education and training programs for hired workers in agriculture and for small-scale rural industries.

    (d) ILO has a joint interest with FAO in the preparation for direct agricultural employment and, in particular, has a predominant concern with apprenticeship schemes, rehabilitation of handicapped workers and training of agricultural workers in nonfarming skills. ILO has also a particular concern with the establishment of facilities for training in the maintenance, repair and operation of agricultural machinery, the construction and maintenance of farm buildings.

    (e) FAO and UNESCO will consult with ILO on agricultural educational surveys, inviting participation as appropriate. Similarly, ILO in the preparation and conduct of manpower surveys in agriculture, will consult FAO and UNESCO and invite their participation as appropriate.

    (f) ILO will continue to exercise its responsibility in research and standard-setting and, in collaboration with FAO and UNESCO, as appropriate, will assist governments in the application of such standards as those embodied in the ILO Recommendation concerning vocational training in agriculture. UNESCO will also continue to consult FAO and ILO on the preparation of the proposed international instrument on technical and vocational education to be submitted to the UNESCO General Conference in 1962.

    (g) ILO will be consulted on, and invited to participate, as appropriate, in activities in the fields of higher and intermediate levels of education in agriculture and in the preparation of teachers for intermediate and agricultural schools. Similarly, ILO will consult FAO and UNESCO and invite their participation, as appropriate, in activities for which it has major responsibility.

    (h) The three organizations agree that duplication of any existing facilities maintained by any of them is to be avoided; if any problems should arise in this respect there will be consultation between the Directors-General concerned.

    (i) Further consultations will take place with a view to reaching fuller agreement on areas of work which should be regarded as the special responsibility of one of the three organizations.

  • Paris, 15 September 1961

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