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Aikanathan, S. & E. Wong (1994). Marine Park island management conceptual plan for Peninsular Malaysia. Report produced under WWF Project MYS 256/93. Department of Fisheries Malaysia and the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur.

Becker, R.H., A. Jubenville & G.W. Burnett (1984). Fact and judgement in the search for a social carrying capacity. Leisure Sciences 6 (4): 475-485.

Butler, R.W. (1980). The concept of a tourist area cycle of evolution: Implications for management of resources. Canadian Geographer 24 (1): 5-12.

Chilman, K., D. Foster & A. Everson (1989). Updating the recreational carrying capacity process: Recent refinements. Paper presented at Managing America's Enduring Wilderness Resource: A Conference. Minneapolis, MN, Sept. 11-14. Cited in Williams & Gill (1991).

Ch'ng K.L. (1990). National Marine Parks Malaysia: Policy and concepts. Department of Fisheries, Ministry of Agriculture, Malaysia.

Christaller, W. (1963). Some considerations of tourism location in Europe: The peripheral regions - underdeveloped countries - recreation areas. Regional Science Association Papers, xii Land Congress. Cited in Martin & Uysal (1990).

De Silva, M.W.R.N. & Ridzwan Abdul Rahman (1982). Coral reef survey of Pulau Paya/Segantang group of islands, Kedah, Malaysia: Expedition report and recommendations for management. Report produced under WWF Project Mal. 41/82. Universiti Pertanian Malaysia, Serdang.

Dow, K.M. (1995). An overview of pollution issues in the Straits of Malacca Maritime Institute of Malaysia (MIMA) Issue Paper No. 5/95.

English, S., C. Wilkinson & V. Baker (editors) (1994). Survey manual for tropical marine resources. ASEAN-Australia Marine Science Project. Australian Institute of Marine Science, Townsville.

Frost, J.E. & S.F. McCool (1988). Can visitor regulations enhance recreational experiences. Environmental Management 12(1): 5-9. Cited in Watson (1988).

Gates, C.E. (1979). Line transect and related issues. In: Cormack, R.M., G.P. Patil & D.S. Robson (editors). "Sampling Biological Populations". Inter. Co-op Publishing House, Fairland, Maryland. Cited in English et al (1994).

GESAMP (Joint Group of Experts on the Scientific Aspects of Marine Environmental Protection) (1990). The state of the marine environment. UNEP Regional Seas Reports and Studies No. 115, Nairobi.

Getz, D. (1981). Effects of tourism on the host population: A case study of tourism and potential regional development in the Badenoch-Strathspey district of the Scottish Highlands Ph.D. dissertation, Department of Geography, University of Edinburgh. Cited in Getz (1982).

Getz, D. (1982). A rationale and methodology for assessing capacity to absorb tourism. Ontario Geography 19: 92-101.

Getz, D. (1983). Capacity to absorb tourism: Concepts and implications for strategic planning. Annals of Tourism Research 10: 239-263.

Graefe, A.R. (1987). Recreation impacts and carrying capacity: A visitor impact management framework. Review draft. National Parks & Conservation Association, Washington DC. Cited in Williams & Gill (1991).

Graefe, A.R., F.R. Kuss & J.J. Vaske (1990). Visitor impact management: The planning framework. National Parks & Conservation Association, Washington DC. Cited in Williams & Gill (1991).

Graefe, A.R., J.J. Vaske & F.R. Kuss (1984). Social carrying capacity: An integration and synthesis of twenty years of research. Leisure Sciences 6: 395-431.

Hawkins, J.P. & C. Roberts (1992). Effects of recreational diving on coral reefs. Biological Conservation, (in press). Cited in Wells & Price (1992).

Hiew, K.W.P. & Abdul Rahim Gor Yaman (1996). The Marine Parks of Malaysia: Objectives, current issues and initiatives (Draft). Paper presented at the Workshop on Impact Management in Marine Parks, 13 & 14 August 1996, Kuala Lumpur.

Hopley, D. (1997). Coral reefs and global climate change. WWF Climate Change Campaign.

Hovinen, G.R. (1982). Visitor cycles - Outlook for tourism in Lancaster County. Annals of Tourism Research 9: 17-20. Cited in Martin & Uysal (1990).

Irving, R. (1993). Too much of a good thing: Nutrient enrichment in the U.K.'s inland and coastal waters. A report to WWF (U.K.).

Kinsey, D.W. (1988). Coral reef system response to some natural and anthropogenic stresses. Galaxea 7: 113-128. Cited in Wells & Price (1992).

Lim L.C. (1995a). The concepts and analysis of carrying capacity: A management tool for effective planning. Part I. Report produced under Project MY 0033. WWF Malaysia, Petaling Jaya.

Lim L.C. (1995b). The concepts and analysis of carrying capacity: A management tool for effective planning. Part III. Case study: Pulau Tioman. Report produced under Project MY 0058. WWF Malaysia, Petaling Jaya.

Lim L.C. (1996). Tourism, pollution and the marine environment in Malaysia Report produced under Project 91147 for WWF-UK. WWF Malaysia, Petaling Jaya.

Manning, R.E. (1985). Crowding norms in backcountry settings: A review and synthesis. Journal of Leisure Research 17(2): 75-89. Cited in Watson (1988).

Markham, A., N. Dudley & S. Stolton (1993). Some like it hot. WWF International.

Martin, B.S. & M. Uysal (1990). An examination of the relationship between carrying capacity and the tourism lifecycle: Management and policy implications. Journal of Environmental Management 31: 327-333.

Matheison, A. & G. Wall (1982). Tourism: Economic, physical and social impacts. Longman House, New York. Cited in Martin & Uysal (1990).

McIntyre, G., A. Hetherington & E. Inskeep (1993). Sustainable tourism development: Guide for local planners. World Tourism Organization.

MOCAT (Ministry of Culture, Arts and Tourism)/WWF Malaysia (1996). National Ecotourism Plan. Prepared by WWF Malaysia for the Ministry of Culture, Arts and Tourism, Government of Malaysia.

O'Reily, A.M. (1986). Tourism carrying capacity - Concept and issues. Tourism Management 7: 254-258. Cited in Martin & Uysal (1990).

Pullen, S. & P. Hurst (1993). Marine pollution prevention. WWF International background report.

Salm, R.V. (1986). Coral reefs and tourist carrying capacity: The Indian Ocean experience. UNEP Industry and Environment Jan/Feb/Mar: 11-14.

Shelby, B. & T.A. Heberlein (1984). Social carrying capacity in recreation settings: Evolution, appraisal and application. Leisure Sciences 6: 453-473.

Stankey, G.H. (1973). Visitor perception of wilderness recreation carrying capacity. USDA Forest Service Research Paper Int-142, 61 pp. Cited in Watson (1988).

Stankey, G.H. & S.F. McCool (1984). Carrying capacity in recreational settings: Evolution, appraisal and application. Leisure Sciences 6: 453-473.

Stankey, G.H. & S.F. McCool (1992). Managing recreation use of marine resources through the Limits of Acceptable Change planning system. Paper presented at First World Congress on Tourism and the Environment, Belize City, Belize, April 27 - May 2, 1992.

Tan C.L. (1996). Loving them to death. The Star, Kuala Lumpur. 8 October 1996.

Watson, M. (1988). Social carrying capacity in recreational settings: A literature review. Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority Technical Memorandum GBRMPA-TM-17. Townsville, Australia.

Wells, S.M. & A.R.G. Price (1992). Coral reefs - Valuable but vulnerable. WWF International Discussion paper.

White, A.T. (1988). Marine parks and reserves: Management for coastal environments in Southeast Asia. Association of Southeast Asian Nations/United States Coastal Resources Management Project Education Series 2.

Williams, P.W. & A. Gill (1991). Carrying capacity management in tourism settings: A tourism growth management process. Simon Fraser University.

Wong, G. (1997). The need for economic valuation of marine and coastal tourism benefits in Malaysia. Report produced under Project MY 0062. WWF Malaysia, Petaling Jaya.

Wong, J.L.P.(1996). Marine Parks Malaysia: Tourism, impact and conservation awareness. Maritime Institute of Malaysia (MIMA), Kuala Lumpur.

WTO & UNEP (1992). Guidelines: Development of national parks and protected areas for tourism. UNEP-IE/PAC Technical Report 13. Prepared with the assistance of McNeely, J.A., Thorsell, J.W. & Ceballos-Lascurain, H. (IUCN).

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