Bioenergy and Biofuels

ID:

313320

Language:

EN

Document type:

Book

Description:

Bioenergy accounted for roughly ten percent of the world total primary energy supply in 2009. Most of this is consumed in developing countries, where between two and three billion people rely on solid biomass (wood, charcoal, agricultural residues and animal waste) for cooking and heating, often in open fireplaces or traditional cook stoves. Biomass refers to non-fossil material of biological origin, such as energy crops, agricultural and forestry wastes and by-products, manure or microbial biomass. Biofuel is fuel produced directly or indirectly from biomass such as fuelwood, charcoal, bioethanol, biodiesel, biogas (methane) or biohydrogen. However, most people associate biofuel with liquid biofuels (bioethanol, biodiesel and straight vegetable oil). In this note the term ”biofuels” refers to liquid biofuels used for transport. Bioenergy is energy derived from biofuels.

Publication year:

2013

Pages:

4 p.

Job number:

AR589

Department:

NR

Division:

NRD

PDF:

http://www.fao.org/docrep/018/ar589e/ar589e.pdf

This document is also available in:
French

Bioenergie et Biocarburants

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Spanish

La bioenergí­a y los biocombustibles

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