Environmental Impact Assessment (Volume V) of Livestock Production in Grassland and Mixed Rainfed Systems in Temperate Zones and Grassland and Mixed-Rainfed Systems in Humid and Subhumid Tropic and Subtropic Zones (Except Africa)

ID:

62603

Language:

EN

Document type:

Other

Description:

Mixed-farming systems in humid zones (MRH) are very important in South America (Argentina and Brazil) and Asia (China, India, Indonesia, and Thailand) (Table V.1). Significant amounts of this AZ-LS combination are also found in Australia, Mexico, and the U.S. The MRH supports just over one- fourth of the world’s population but uses only 7 percent of the world’s pasture land and 15 percent of its arable land. Its agricultural land is made up of almost equal parts of pasture and arable land, and it supports a population density of .3 ha/capita. Several countries in Asia with land in the MRH have population densities of less than .1 ha/capita; e.g., Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, North Korea, etc. The MRH supports about 20 percent of the world’s cattle and 8.2 percent of its goats and sheep (Table V.2). As with the land and people, most of the livestock in the MRH are in Asia and South America. Bangladesh, China, India, and Indonesia combine to account for 44 percent of the cattle, 68 percent of the sheep, and 86 percent of the goats in the MRH. Brazil alone accounts for 29 percent of the cattle in this AZ-LS, and it accounts for a large percent of the cattle produced in most of the other CSA countries. Based on livestock unit equivalents, 82 percent of the feed demand generated by the three types of livestock in the MR/H is from cattle. In this AZ-LS, buffalo (primarily in Southeast Asia) add an additional 25 percent to the total feed demand generated by the cattle, sheep, and goats.

Publication year:

1996

URL:

http://www.fao.org/DOCREP/004/X6121E/X6121E00.HTM

Job number:

X6121

Department:

AG

Division:

AGA

Country:

Argentina

Region:

South West Pacific