Sonigitu Ekpe-Aji

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Sonigitu Ekpe-Aji
Sonigitu Ekpe-AjiMinitry of International Development CooperationNigeria

Dear Justin,

Thanks for the veiw you have put up as per organisational capacity investment.

Please permit me to defer from your point. Strengthen organistional ethics through commitment of staff is one key ingreident. We all are aware that organisations are set up with clear mandates and human capacity to drive such mandates, but the bureaucratic management theory has led to many hinderances for effective performances as personal gains or influence is always at play.

My questions shall be,

  1. How can organisations be monitored and evaluated to avoid derailing within their mandates?
  2. What approaches are required for effective expertise engagement to ensure proper delivery of the stautory functions of these organisation? 
  3. What do we need to structure organizations to remain more focus on key needs rather than grabbing more that they can handle?
  4. Are the required tools and financing provided for effective functioning based on their manadates, if no why?

Sonigitu Ekpe-Aji
Sonigitu Ekpe-AjiMinitry of International Development CooperationNigeria

Dear Dr. Muchiri,

I totally agree with you.

The case of inequality has being a great challenge from time as a result of quest for supremacy.

My question based on the daily changes that occur, what can be done to reduce inequality? Even with free education many seem to follow their thought without leveraging on the importance of education. What choices do we provide the so called oppressed as they often seem not to understand the choices they make? What approach should developmental partners apply for a paradigm shift from the way they look at their developmental priorities? How can Open Data help in reconciling this great divide as technology is moving the World faster than the speed of light?

Sonigitu Ekpe-Aji
Sonigitu Ekpe-AjiMinitry of International Development CooperationNigeria

I think ICT  through collaborative approach Open Data has enhance efficiency among stakeholders to provide basic informations to the public.

In Nigeria, government policies are being digitalized to bring about needed information that provide support and needs of the farming families, for example edah.edostate.gov.ng and citizensofnigeria.org are two unique approaches; currently, supporting the good use of ICT.

More awareness and strategies to reach out to the underserved are required with increase content, since those with expert knowledge and technological resources are in short supply.

Once a platform is designed that can be universally applicable and enduring, then we can deliver real-world “business benefit” by focusing on workflow automation – to reduce burden; this shall overcome any obstacle to data sharing which is widespread in many jurisdictions – the reluctance to share low-level data without the associated assessment narrative.

It shall be important to address the knowledge challenges associated with establishing an indicator-based reporting process by providing a Shared Knowledgebase (SK) - so that stakeholders or countries can share relevant report templates and indicator definitions with a more public audience from grassroot upward.

Sonigitu Ekpe-Aji
Sonigitu Ekpe-AjiMinitry of International Development CooperationNigeria

Yes, ICT can play a lot of major role to help structure data collection and analysis.

Take for instance soil sensors that transmit information on soil health and once the data is analysed and presented to the Advisory officer, he advises the decision maker on what incentives to provide to the farmer for soil improvement, so also it is appltcable to weather data,crop yield data and so on.

What is needed is a harmonised Shared Data Infrastructure (SDI) that shall meet the standards for easy of validation of data.

Stakeholders have to come up with acceptable ways of syncronizing information generated by open data.

Sonigitu Ekpe-Aji
Sonigitu Ekpe-AjiMinitry of International Development CooperationNigeria

Greetings, Friends and Fellows,

Great reading all the contributions so far above and without reinventing the wheel, I shall reflect on the works and efforts of may experts accross the globe.

As we all may be aware, that over the last few decades massive technological development and opportunities have transformed people's lives includeing myself through e-resources. However, these opportunities may have not benefited the agricultural sector (farming families) in a significant way.

Farmers and various other actors along the value chains need significant amout of information. Today ICT is playing a leading role in knowledge exchange, targeted recommendaions,market integration and access to finance to make agriculture a profitable enteprise and attractive for men and women, especially the youths.

I think with the introduction of Digitial Agriculture, "which is an ICT and data ecosystems to support the development and delivery of timely targeted information and services to make farmig profitable and sustainable among small, medium and large scale farmers, while delivering safe nutritious and affordable food for ALL", may be considered as a welcome approach.

The diagram below is an illustration of how ICT can continouly improve agricultural revolution

main-qimg-c15a83c4581fd27d46a70e227db3a1ae-cLeaving no one behind becomes the greates task for International collaboration on (Open and Sensitive) data to solve the pressing challenges of both rural and urban settlements.

Sonigitu Ekpe-Aji
Sonigitu Ekpe-AjiMinitry of International Development CooperationNigeria

Great contribution from friends and fellows here so far. I tend to follow behind Richard Heeks last paragraph, 'Unless we have some framework or model of resilience, then we can’t understand how to target, design or evaluate ICT interventions in agriculture'. What is the current values and standards created for the rural dweller to organise his or her life? Poverty continues to increase as the farming family continue to reproduce children with good care and adequate provision.

The level of awareness provide for quality decision and approaches in utilizing knowledge for sustainable development.

What are the monitoring mechanism for continuity in government agricultural policies among under-developed countries?

How can we be resilience without an integrated cross sectoral approach than promotes orderliness and rule of law?

What approaches have be put in place to evalute open data and estimated data in the agricultural sector as supply by countries especially in Africa?

A lot of indicators are required to understand the workability of ICT in supporting rural farmers resilience.

Sonigitu Ekpe-Aji
Sonigitu Ekpe-AjiMinitry of International Development CooperationNigeria
Compliments of the season!
  1. &  2. How NIRSAL fixes the agricultural value chain and the strong incentives it offers.  

There are five pillars to be addressed by an estimated USD 500 million of CBN money that will be invested as follows:

  • Risk-sharing Facility (USD 300 million). This component would address banks’ perception of high-risks in the sector by sharing losses on agricultural loans.
  • Insurance Facility (USD 30 million). The facility’s primary goal is to expand insurance products for agricultural lending from the current coverage to new products, such as weather index insurance, new variants of pest and disease insurance etc.
  • Technical Assistance Facility (USD 60 million). This would equip banks to lend sustainably to agriculture, producers to borrow and use loans more effectively and increase output of better quality agricultural products.
  • Holistic Bank Rating Mechanism (USD 10 million). This mechanism rates banks based on two factors, the effectiveness of their agricultural lending and the social impact and makes them available for the public.
  •  Bank Incentives Mechanism (USD 100 million). This mechanism offers winning banks in Pillar four, additional incentives to build their long-term capabilities to lend to agriculture. It will be in terms of cash awards.



In the first instance, six pilot crop value chains have been identified based on existing crop production levels and potentials in six high-potential breadbasket areas. The crops are: Tomatoes, Cotton, Maize, Soya beans, Rice, and Cassava.
NIRSAL and its five pillars will be administered by a Non-Banking Financial Institution (NBFI.) At the national level, the NBFI will administer the five NIRSAL pillars. It will report to a Board of Directors chaired by the CBN and memberships from AGRA, the Ministries of Agriculture, Finance, and Commerce and Industry. The Board will have ultimate decision-making and strategy-setting responsibility for the Fund. The CEO of the NBFI will be responsible for NIRSAL’s overall implementation and for maintaining relationships with key stakeholders. At the regional levels, Regional Transformation Engines will administer NIRSAL, through Portfolio Investment Managers and a Technical Assistance Representatives.
  • Financial support from the Ministry of Finance, state governments and donors to fund the insurance and technical assistance facilities.
  • Policy reforms such as:
    • Deregulation of the agricultural insurance industry to open access to private insurance companies and pave the way for innovation.
    • Shift the fertiliser subsidy from a focus on consumption subsidies to production subsidies and private sector-led fertiliser import system.
    • Increased liberalization and competition in foundation seed production and marketing.
    •  Establishment of staple crop-processing zones to drive import substitution, buoyed by tax breaks stoppage of imposition of import tariffs for agricultural equipment.
  • Functional, effective and efficient implementation arrangements and institutions.
  • Comprehensive stakeholder buy–in and support.
Hope this answers the question.
Warm wishes,


Sonigitu Ekpe-Aji
Sonigitu Ekpe-AjiMinitry of International Development CooperationNigeria

 Nigeria Incentive-Based Risk Management System for Agricultural Lending (NIRSAL) is a dynamic, holistic approach that tackles both the agricultural value chain and the agricultural financing value chain. NIRSAL does two things at once; fixes the agricultural value chain, so that banks can lend with confidence to the sector and, encourages banks to lend to the agricultural value chain by offering them strong incentives and technical assistance. NIRSAL, unlike previous schemes which encouraged banks to lend without clear strategy to the entire spectrum of the agricultural value chain, emphasises lending to the value chain and to all sizes of producers.


  • Central Bank of Nigeria: Increased lending to agriculture from 1.4 to 7 percent of total bank lending within 10 years, increased income, GDP, foreign exchange earnings and the implication on the Bank’s ability to manage the value of local currency, lower food inflation and maintain monetary robust external reserves as well as monetary stability. In addition the project will absolve the Bank of the need for endless and voluminous subsidies to the agricultural sector.
  • Banks: Opportunity for capturing latent profits in agricultural lending, maintain long term human, institutional and cultural capacity for value chain financing capacity and enjoy lower loan origination and distribution costs.
  • Agricultural producers: Increased access to credit, enhanced adoption of better cultural and agronomic practices, use of improved inputs like seeds and fertilizers, increased productivity and profit, income, standards of living, job creation and poverty reduction.
  •  Ministry of Agriculture: A stronger agricultural sector with six showcase value chains, enhanced food security, fewer imports, and higher productivity.
  • Ministry of Finance: A stronger economy with additional agricultural GDP growth, higher employment, reduced expenditure on food imports, higher tax revenue from the agricultural sector, competitive exports and a more diversified economy.
  • State governments: An improved agricultural economy at state level creating more employment, less poverty, enhanced food security and higher tax revenue from a better-performing, well-financed sector.


Sonigitu Ekpe-Aji
Sonigitu Ekpe-AjiMinitry of International Development CooperationNigeria

 Dear Shahid,

Do you link data base of the populations so as to access the profiles of farmers?

Thank you