Agricultural Development Economics

Food security analysis and policy

Decision-makers at country, regional and global levels need reliable and timely information on the incidence and causes of food insecurity, malnutrition and vulnerability. This information is used to improve policy and programme formulation, targeting, and monitoring of progress of interventions aimed at reducing poverty and hunger.

Cross-sectoral food security analysis helps strengthen the understanding of why people are food insecure, malnourished or hungry. In line with the broad definition of food security, FAO supports its analysis along four key dimensions: availability, access, stability and utilisation.

Food and Agriculture Policy Decision Analysis (FAPDA)
FAPDA systematically monitors and analyses decisions on food and agriculture policies in over 80 countries. It promotes evidence-based decision-making in support of transparent and effective policy formulation and implementation.

Integrated Food Security Phase Classification
The Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) is a standardised tool that aims at providing a "common currency" for classifying food security.

Seeds, Diversity and Development
This programme consists of applied economics research on how seed systems affect the decisions farmers make about which crops and varieties to plant – in other words the on-farm utilization of crop genetic resources.

Global Governance for Hunger Reduction Programme
The Improved Global Governance for Hunger Reduction  programme seeks to concretely improve the way in which the global community works together to eradicate hunger and malnutrition.

National Food Policy Capacity Strengthening Programme
The National Food Policy Capacity Strengthening Programme was initiated to enhance national capacity to implement the National Food Policy and Plan of Action. This project supports food security related initiatives of the Government of Bangladesh and build stronger links between the Government and civil society.

The Global Forum on Food Security and Nutrition
The FSN Forum is an online community whose members can share their knowledge and experience. Through interaction, the network finds solutions to issues related to Food Security and Nutrition policies and strategies. It hosts discussions, welcomes queries, invites requests for peer assistance and is driven by the needs of participants.

The Sudan Institutional Capacity Programme: Food Security Information for Action
SIFSIA works with national institutions in Sudan to strengthen their capacity for generating, analysing and disseminating food security information.

Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit - Somalia
The Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit - Somalia (FSNAU) seeks to provide evidence-based analysis of Somali food, nutrition and livelihood security to enable both short-term emergency responses and long-term strategic planning to promote food and livelihood security for Somali people.