Agricultural Development Economics

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An overview and prospects for a green revolution in Sub-Saharan Africa

Keijiro Otsuka, Kaliappa P. Kalirajan  [ 2005 ]
While population still continues to grow rapidly in Sub-Sahara Africa, the expansion of cultivation area has slowed down considerably due to the increasing scarcity of uncultivated land. Since the yield of food grain per unit of land has remained largely [...]

Investing in agriculture for growth and food security in the ACP countries

Jakob Skoet, Kostas Stamoulis, Annelies Deuss [ 2004 ]
Countries in the ACP region will face significant challenges in the years to come as they try to step up economic growth, deal with increasingly integrated world markets and meet the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), especially those focused on hunger [...]

Will buying tropical forest carbon benefit the poor? Evidence from Costa Rica

Suzi Kerr, Alexander Pfaff, Romina Cavatassi, Benjamin Davis, Leslie Lipper, Arturo Sanchez, Joanna Hendy  [ 2004 ]
We review claims about the potential for carbon markets that link both payments for carbon services and poverty levels to ongoing rates of tropical deforestation. We then examine these effects empirically for Costa Rica during the 20th century using an [...]
This paper presents the construction of a spatially explicit, nationally disaggregated measure of poverty over time in Costa Rica. The paper first describes the two possible methods considered for the construction of a poverty map: principal component analysis (PCA) versus [...]

Effects of poverty on deforestation: distinguishing behaviour from location

Suzi Kerr, Alexander Pfaff, Romina Cavatassi, Benjamin Davis, Leslie Lipper, Arturo Sanchez, Jason Timmins [ 2004 ]
We summarize existing theoretical claims linking poverty to rates of deforestation and then examine this linkage empirically for Costa Rica during the 20th century using an econometric approach that addresses the irreversibilities in deforestation. Our data facilitate an empirical analysis [...]

Understanding vulnerability to food insecurity: Lessons from vulnerable livelihood profiling

Christian Romer Løvendal, Marco Knowles, Naoko Horii [ 2004 ]
The Food Security and Agricultural Projects Analysis Unit (ESAF) of FAO has undertaken a number of pilot studies to develop a methodology for understanding why certain groups of people are vulnerable to becoming food insecure. The studies use the sustainable [...]
Rapid economic and income growth, urbanization, and globalization are leading to a dramatic shift of Asian diets away from staples and increasingly towards livestock and dairy products, vegetables and fruit, and fats and oils. While the diversification of diets away [...]
Using an ethnographic approach, this study explores small-scale farmers’ perceived transaction costs in relation to maize seed acquisition in the Central Valleys of Oaxaca. These farmers have different needs and require seed of diverse maize types with multiple traits in [...]

Internal mobility and international migration in Albania

Gero Carletto, Benjamin Davis, Marco Stampini, Stefano Trento, Alberto Zezza  [ 2004 ]
Using evidence from two recent data sources – the 2002 Albania Living Standards Measurement Survey (LSMS) and the 2001 Population Census of Albania – the paper documents the phenomena of internal and external migration in Albania, a country that in [...]
As shown empirically for many transition economies, even small changes in assumptions on economies of size and adult equivalence scales are likely to produce significant changes in the analysis of poverty and its distribution across households and individuals. Since [...]