Agricultural Development Economics

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The food security commitment and capacity profile (FSCCP) is a tool that was developed by FAO to assess and track performance of national authorities in terms of their commitment and capacity to act on food insecurity and malnutrition. Development of [...]

What do we really know about the number and distribution of farms and family farms in the world?

Background paper for The State of Food and Agriculture 2014
Sarah K. Lowder, Jakob Skoet and Saumya Singh [ 2014 ]
The agricultural economics literature provides various estimates of the number of farms and small farms in the world. This paper is an effort to provide a more complete and up to date as well as carefully documented estimate of the [...]

Climate variability, adaptation strategies and food security in Malawi

Solomon Asfaw, Nancy McCarthy, Leslie Lipper, Aslihan Arslan, Andrea Cattaneo and Mutie Kachulu [ 2014 ]
This paper assesses farmers’ incentives and conditioning factors that hinder or promote adaptation strategies and evaluates its impact on crop productivity by utilizing household level data collected in 2011 from nationally representative sample households in Malawi. We distinguish between (i) [...]

The challenges of managing agricultural price and production risks in sub-Saharan Africa

ESA Working Paper 14-09
L. Antonaci, M. Demeke and A. Vezzani [ 2014 ]
Agricultural production is prone to several risks which affect both producers and consumers. In order to enhance investment and achieve a sustained increase in production, coherent and integrated long-term strategies and policies are required to reduce risk aversion and build [...]
This paper assesses Bangladesh’s progress towards eradicating hunger, food insecurity and malnutrition, and how the National Food Policy Capacity Strengthening Programme (NFPCSP) implemented by FAO and the Government of Bangladesh contributed to this progress. To this effect, it uses FAO’s [...]

Testing for bubbles in agricultural commodity markets

ESA Working Paper 14-07
Francisco J. Areal, Kelvin G. Balcombe and George Rapsomanikis [ 2014 ]
Food price volatility spells have fuelled the debate about the reliability of world markets as a source of food. At the heart of this debate lies the question of whether food price spikes are generated by the forces of demand [...]

Brazil country fact sheet on food and agriculture policy trends

Food and Agriculture Policy Decision Analysis (FAPDA) [ 2014 ]
In Brazil, the government has successfully adopted an integrated approach for combating malnutrition and hunger. Under the well-known Zero Hunger strategy (“Fome Zero”) and subsequent Brazil Without Misery plan (“Brasil Sem Miséria”), innovative social programmes were launched to target more [...]

Burkina Faso country fact sheet on food and agriculture policy trends

Food and Agriculture Policy Decision Analysis (FAPDA) [ 2014 ]
Burkina Faso has succeeded in achieving the Maputo Declaration target by allocating at least 10 percent of the national budget to agriculture almost every year since 2003. Most of these expenditures have been allocated to support the production of [...]

Cambodia country fact sheet on food and agriculture policy trends

Food and Agriculture Policy Decision Analysis (FAPDA) [ 2014 ]
In Cambodia, the government has given increasing priority to commercial rice production by promoting higher yield seeds and expanding irrigation and post production infrastructure. Relevant reforms have been adopted in favour of the fisheries sector. Child malnutrition remains a critical [...]

Nonlinear cointegration in the food-ethanol-oil system

Evidence from smooth threshold vector error correction models
FAO [ 2014 ]
We examine the nature of relationship between prices of crude oil, ethanol and grains (maize, wheat and rice). Our working hypothesis is that profit maximization, the US biofuel policies and automotive engine technology give rise to a nonlinear relationship between [...]