GHG emissions from agriculture
As countries become more accountable for reporting greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, demand for data and information from a diverse stakeholder community grows. One such need is for the annual inventories of GHG emissions and removals related to agriculture, which countries submit periodically to the United Nation Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). The data required for this reporting present a unique challenge to inventory compilers, especially from developing countries, because of the lack of national data and technical capacity to monitor, collect and analyse relevant information.
FAO has developed a global inventory on greenhouse gas emissions from all agriculture sectors, in cooperation with the Natural Resources Department. The default IPCC/UNFCCC Tier 1 methodology is applied to derive estimates of GHG emissions associated with each activity, which is a key deliverable of the Monitoring and Assessment of Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Mitigation Potential in Agriculture (MAGHG) Project, funded by Germany and Norway and part of the Natural Resources Mitigation of Climate Change in Agriculture Programme (MICCA) at FAO. The dataset is based on input data from FAOSTAT and the Forest Resource Assessment (FRA) data on agriculture and land-use change activities officially reported by countries.
Agri-Environmental Indicators (AEI) are key tools to monitor the environmental performance of agriculture and track trends in the environmental impacts, as well as to provide policy makers and citizens with useful information to assess the effects of the integration of environmental concerns into policy measures.
The statistics division will soon be launching the AEI database, which follows the OECD and EUROSTAT frameworks in order to gain from the theoretical background already developed by these institutions. The new dataset will extend the geographical coverage to all FAO member countries, based on the availability of information.
The FAO Agri-Environmental dataset currently includes 17 indicators described by 59 data series, which monitor a variety of domains: air and climate, land, fertilizers, pesticides, livestock, soil, water, and energy. It is organised into driving forces, pressure, state, and responses. Data and derived indicators come from FAOSTAT, other FAO databases, as well as from other international organizations according to the different fields.
FAO Statistics carries out regular collection and dissemination of statistics on land use; production, trade and use of fertilizers; production and consumption for major pesticides groups (insecticides, herbicides, fungicides, plant growth regulators and rodenticides) and seed treatments.