Statistics
 

Food security indicators

Following the recommendation of experts gathered in the Committee on World Food Security (CFS) Round Table on hunger measurement, hosted at FAO headquarters in September 2011, an initial set of indicators aiming to capture various aspects of food insecurity is presented here. 

The choice of the indicators has been informed by expert judgment and the availability of data with sufficient coverage to enable comparisons across regions and over time. Many of these indicators are produced and published elsewhere by FAO and other international organizations. They are reported here in a single database with the aim of building a wide food security information system. More indicators will be added to this set as more data will become available. 

Indicators are classified along the four dimension of food security -- availability, access, utilization and stability. 

Download data  (Last updated: 15 October 2014)

Type of indicator

Source

Coverage

New

 

 

 

 

Availability

 

 

 

Average dietary energy supply adequacy

FAO

1990-2014

 

Average value of food production

FAO

1990-2012

 

Share of dietary energy supply derived from cereals, roots and tubers

FAO

1990-2011

 

Average protein supply

FAO

1990-2011

 

Average supply of protein of animal origin

FAO

1990-2011

 

 

 

 

 

Access

 

 

 

Percent of paved roads over total roads

WB

1990-2011

 

Road density

International Road Federation, World Road Statistics and electronic

1990-2011

 

Rail lines density

WB

1990-2012

 

Gross domestic product per capita (in purchasing power equivalent)

WB

1990-2013

Domestic food price index

FAO/ILO/WB

2000-2014

 

Prevalence of undernourishment

FAO

1990-2014

 

Share of food expenditure of the poor

FAO

partial

 

Depth of the food deficit

FAO

1990-2014

 

Prevalence of food inadequacy

FAO

1990-2014

 

 

 

 

 

Stability

 

 

 

Cereal import dependency ratio

FAO

1990-2011

 

Percent of arable land equipped for irrigation

FAO

1990-2012

 

Value of food imports over total merchandise exports

FAO

1990-2011

 

Political stability and absence of violence/terrorism

WB/WWGI

1990-2012

 

Domestic food price volatility

FAO/ILO/WB

2000-2014

 

Per capita food production variability

FAO

1990-2012

 

Per capita food supply variability

FAO

1990-2011

 

 

 

 

 

Utilization

 

 

 

Access to improved water sources

WHO/UNICEF

1990-2012

 

Access to improved sanitation facilities

WHO/UNICEF

1990-2012

 

Percentage of children under 5 years of age affected by wasting

WHO/UNICEF

1990-2012

 

Percentage of children under 5 years of age who are stunted

WHO/UNICEF

1990-2012

 

Percentage of children under 5 years of age who are underweight

WHO/UNICEF

1990-2012

 

Percentage of adults who are underweight

WHO

partial

 

Prevalence of anaemia among pregnant women

WHO/WB

1990-2011

Prevalence of anaemia among children under 5 years of age

WHO/WB

1990-2011

Prevalence of vitamin A deficiency in the population

WHO

partial

Prevalence of iodine deficiency

WHO

partial

 

 

 

 

The State of Food Insecurity in the World 2014