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Tracking results in agriculture and rural development in less-than-ideal conditions
A sourcebook of indicators for monitoring and evaluation


This sourcebook provides a number of workable approaches for designing an M&E system that would be of greatest relevance to different agricultural and rural development (ARD) activities, projects and programmes, and degree of data availability.

Rural Households’ Livelihood and Well-Being
Statistics on Rural Development and Agriculture Household Income


The handbook is intended for the benefit of various groups concerned with rural development and the evolving nature of the agricultural industry.

The Probability Distribution Framework for estimating the Prevalence of Undernourishment
Food security working paper


In his pioneering study carried in the early 1960’s, Sukhatme had formulated the estimate of the prevalence of undernourishment in a population within a bivariate distribution framework where dietary energy consumption (DEC) and dietary energy requirement (DER) are considered as random variables.  

The effect of sampling design on the reliability of estimates of the variance of distributions derived from household survey data: a simulation study
Statistics working paper series


On a regular basis, FAO produces estimates of the prevalence of undernourishment and related measures that require estimates of the frequency distribution of household per capita food consumption, expressed in terms of dietary energy (kilocalories).

On reliability of estimates of inequality in distributions derived from sample survey data
Statistics working paper series


A non-parametric approach suggested by researchers from the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) for measuring food deprivation (undernourishment) is not an improvement to the current FAO parametric approach.