Statistics
 

Table 2. Number and Area of Holdings, and Gini's Index of Concentration: 1990, 1980 and 1970 Rounds of Agricultural Censuses (1)

Countries by continents. Number of reporting countries is given in square brackets.

Census year

Number of holdings

Area of holdings (Ha)

Average size (Ha)

Median size for number

Median size for area (Ha)

Gini's index of concentration

TOTAL [48]

AFRICA [5]

Congo, Dem. Rep. of

90

4 479 600

2 387 700

0.53

0.39

0.76

0.37

 

70

2 536 616

3 821 916

1.51

1.20

1.80

0.37

Ethiopia

89/92

6 091 840

4 871 020

0.80

0.54

1.30

0.47

 

77

4 797 300

6 862 200

1.43

1.00

2.30

0.46

Lesotho

90

229 300

331 000

1.44

1.10

2.40

0.49

 

70

187 421

372 342

1.99

1.50

2.60

0.39

Malawi

93

1 561 416

1 167 240

0.75

0.52

1.30

0.52

 

69

885 000

1 361 000

1.54

1.20

2.10

0.36

Reunion

89

15 198

67 154

4.42

1.60

7.30

0.61

 

79

20 788

74 034

3.56

0.94

7.00

0.65

 

73

39 111

77 231

1.97

0.18

4.50

0.71

NORTH AND CENTRAL AMERICA [8]

Bahamas

94

1 760

20 336

11.55

1.50

-

0.87

 

78

4 246

36 246

8.54

1.00

-

0.89

Grenada

95

18 277

14 164

0.77

-

4.60

0.73

 

81

8 202

13 858

1.69

-

6.70

0.75

Guadeloupe

89

16 530

53 559

3.24

1.60

4.80

0.56

 

79

18 957

70 503

3.72

1.70

5.20

0.60

 

69/72

22 577

68 714

3.04

1.20

5.90

0.65

Martinique

89

15 460

37 173

2.40

-

12.00

0.75

 

81

19 573

41 353

2.11

-

13.00

0.76

Panama

90

213 895

2 941 583

13.75

1.20

110.00

0.87

 

81

153 194

2 258 558

14.74

1.70

95.00

0.84

 

71

115 364

2 098 062

18.19

3.60

86.00

0.80

Puerto Rico

87

20 245

348 530

17.22

4.10

100.00

0.77

 

78

31 837

426 186

13.39

3.00

89.00

0.77

 

70

32 687

525 000

16.06

3.90

120.00

0.79

Saint Lucia

86

11 551

23 478

2.03

-

13.00

0.70

 

74

10 938

29 138

2.66

0.44

59.00

0.84

U.S.A.

87

2 087 759

390 311 617

186.95

52.00

740.00

0.74

 

79

2 476 340

394 061 235

159.13

51.00

640.00

0.72

 

69

2 730 250

430 321 000

157.61

55.00

530.00

0.72

Virgin Islands (US)

87

267

7 197

26.96

2.70

430.00

0.87

 

78

378

9 873

26.12

2.80

450.00

0.88

 

70

212

8 284

39.08

3.00

510.00

0.87

SOUTH AMERICA [4]

Brazil (3)

85

5 820 988

376 286 577

64.64

8.60

670.00

0.85

 

80

5 159 851

364 854 421

70.71

9.80

730.00

0.85

 

70

4 905 642

294 145 466

59.96

9.40

520.00

0.84

French Guiana

89

4 480

20 642

4.61

2.10

25.00

0.66

 

81

2 209

7 349

3.33

0.99

22.00

0.74

Paraguay

91

307 221

23 817 737

77.53

6.90

-

0.93

 

81

248 930

21 940 531

88.14

8.20

-

0.93

Peru

94

1 756 141

35 381 809

20.15

2.50

-

0.86

 

72

1 390 877

23 545 147

16.93

1.80

-

0.91

ASIA [11]

Cyprus

94

52 089

177 760

3.41

1.40

8.40

0.63

 

77

44 522

201 094

4.52

2.50

8.40

0.61

India

91

106 637 000

165 507 000

1.55

0.74

3.40

0.58

 

77

81 569 000

163 343 000

2.00

0.85

4.80

0.61

 

71

70 493 000

162 124 000

2.30

0.98

5.50

0.62

Indonesia

93

19 713 806

17 145 036

0.87

0.54

1.80

0.46

 

73

14 375 343

16 394 000

1.14

0.56

2.40

0.55

Israel

95

25 448

314 230

12.35

-

-

-

 

81

51 654

584 028

11.31

2.30

-

0.85

 

71

40 210

537 000

13.35

3.00

220.00

0.77

Japan

95

3 444 000

4 120 000

1.20

0.73

2.20

0.59

 

79

4 650 214

4 772 093

1.03

0.61

1.60

0.52

 

70

5 354 074

5 389 000

1.01

0.63

1.50

0.47

Korea, Rep. of

90

1 768 501

1 857 491

1.05

0.81

1.40

0.34

 

80

2 157 555

2 025 795

0.94

0.75

1.20

0.35

 

70

2 421 420

2 132 233

0.88

0.71

1.20

0.37

Nepal

92

2 736 050

2 598 971

0.95

-

1.60

0.45

 

82

2 193 956

2 463 717

1.12

0.49

2.80

0.60

 

72

1 721 546

1 654 000

0.96

-

2.40

0.56

Pakistan (4)

89

5 070 963

19 149 637

3.78

2.10

7.20

0.57

 

80

4 069 419

19 058 970

4.68

2.90

7.80

0.52

 

71/73

3 761 940

19 913 000

5.29

3.30

8.40

0.51

Philippines

91

4 610 041

9 974 871

2.16

1.40

4.30

0.55

 

81

3 420 323

9 749 200

2.85

2.00

4.90

0.51

 

71

2 354 469

8 494 000

3.61

2.40

5.40

0.51

Thailand

93

5 647 490

19 002 071

3.36

2.40

5.50

0.47

 

78

4 018 427

14 954 592

3.72

2.70

5.80

0.44

Turkey

91

4 068 432

23 451 099

5.76

3.00

13.00

0.61

 

80

3 650 910

22 764 029

6.24

3.60

13.00

0.57

EUROPE [16]

Austria

90

273 210

7 217 498

26.42

8.80

46.00

0.65

 

80

312 418

7 325 863

23.45

8.70

50.00

0.69

 

69

362 216

7 490 463

20.68

7.30

48.00

0.70

Belgium

90

87 180

1 400 364

16.06

8.60

31.00

0.56

 

79

119 277

1 475 140

12.37

6.50

24.00

0.58

 

70

184 005

1 602 864

8.71

4.20

18.00

0.60

Denmark

89

81 267

2 774 127

34.14

24.00

50.00

0.44

 

79

122 722

2 919 721

23.79

17.00

36.00

0.46

 

70

140 197

2 941 316

20.98

15.00

30.00

0.43

Finland

90

199 385

12 338 439

61.88

8.20

14.00

0.26

 

80

224 721

12 800 326

56.96

7.70

11.00

0.23

 

70

297 257

15 150 223

50.97

6.60

9.40

0.25

France

89

1 016 755

31 985 606

31.46

16.00

52.00

0.53

 

80

1 262 672

33 648 959

26.65

14.00

42.00

0.53

 

71

1 587 643

35 039 217

22.07

11.00

33.00

0.53

Germany (5) (6)

95

566 900

17 156 900

30.26

11.00

73.00

0.68

 

79

850 006

14 487 137

17.04

8.80

26.00

0.52

 

71

1 074 637

15 236 139

14.18

7.30

20.00

0.51

Greece (5)

95

802 400

3 578 200

4.46

2.40

9.00

0.57

 

71

1 047 260

3 586 294

3.42

2.30

5.60

0.49

Ireland

91

170 578

4 441 755

26.04

18.00

41.00

0.48

 

79

263 558

5 704 381

21.64

13.00

33.00

0.49

 

70

279 450

5 650 000

20.22

13.00

32.00

0.49

Italy

90

3 023 344

22 702 356

7.51

1.80

41.00

0.78

 

82

3 270 560

23 559 924

7.20

1.90

36.00

0.76

 

70

3 607 262

25 064 218

6.95

1.90

28.00

0.75

Luxembourg

90

3 803

126 298

33.21

24.00

58.00

0.48

 

80

5 173

130 061

25.14

20.00

42.00

0.47

 

70

7 608

135 143

17.76

13.00

28.00

0.45

Netherlands

89

127 367

1 865 031

14.64

10.00

29.00

0.55

 

79

148 674

2 033 483

13.68

9.70

23.00

0.50

 

70

184 613

2 142 597

11.61

8.40

19.00

0.48

Norway

89

99 382

991 077

9.97

7.10

16.00

0.46

 

79

125 302

953 528

7.61

5.10

12.00

0.48

 

69

154 977

955 333

6.16

4.20

9.20

0.46

Portugal

89

594 418

4 005 594

6.74

1.60

61.00

0.78

 

79

783 944

5 182 902

6.61

1.20

100.00

0.81

 

68

811 656

4 975 000

6.13

1.50

57.00

0.81

Spain

89

2 284 944

42 939 208

18.79

2.60

240.00

0.86

 

82

2 375 327

44 311 769

18.66

2.80

220.00

0.85

 

72

2 571 059

45 702 620

17.78

3.00

210.00

0.84

Switzerland

89

108 296

1 262 167

11.65

9.00

20.00

0.50

 

79

125 274

1 271 545

10.15

7.00

18.00

0.52

 

69

152 859

1 292 110

8.45

5.80

14.00

0.51

United Kingdom (7)

93

244 205

17 144 777

70.21

27.00

170.00

0.67

 

79

268 560

17 568 330

65.42

24.00

160.00

0.68

 

70

326 698

17 992 312

55.07

21.00

150.00

0.69

OCEANIA [4]

American Samoa

90

384

2 349

6.12

2.60

19.00

0.67

 

79

1 331

2 428

1.82

1.20

3.10

0.53

 

70

1 923

4 212

2.19

1.20

4.20

0.53

Fiji

91

95 400

591 407

6.20

1.50

27.00

0.77

 

78

66 376

277 134

4.18

0.35

31.00

0.84

 

69

33 521

245 000

7.31

3.50

17.00

0.65

Guam

87

351

5 315

15.14

1.60

590.00

0.88

 

78

1 999

11 582

5.79

-

-

0.93

 

70

1 121

10 586

9.44

1.10

510.00

0.91

Northern Mariana Isl.

90

119

5 836

49.04

2.80

590.00

0.82

 

80

299

4 932

16.49

2.90

-

0.82

 

(1) Includes holdings without land. Includes only countries for which data for the 1990 census round, and also for the 1980 and/or 1970 census rounds were available.

(2) Data for 1979 exclude 2 302 "abnormal holdings" (i.e. institutional, experimental, research farms and Indian Reservations) with an area of 26 313 102 Ha.

(3) Due to lack of data for the period 1986 - 95, data from 1985 Agricultural Census are presented.

(4) Data exclude 149 Government holdings with 103 035 Ha for 1989, and 192 Government holdings with 49 995 Ha for 1980.

(5) Data source: Eurostat - Farm Structure - 1995 Sample Survey.

(6) Data for 1979 and 1971 exclude Germany, Dem. Rep. of.

(7) Area classified by size of holding for 1993 excludes 156 223 Ha reported by Minor Holdings.