Trade and markets


International sugar prices

Sugar production
World sugar production is forecast to increase only slightly in 2013/14, as falling outputs in the EU, the United States and the Russian Federation offset expansions in Thailand, India and South Africa. The rise is likely to be limited in Brazil, the world’s largest sugar producer and exporter, where unfavourable weather conditions have hampered harvesting operations. Large export availabilities are expected to boost trade in 2013/14 by 12 percent, with strong purchases projected to be made by traditional importers aiming to beef up stocks as a protection against future price instability.

World sugar consumption is set to grow by about 2 percent in 2013/14, sustained by increases in several developing countries that will benefit from falling domestic prices. Despite its modest growth, global sugar production is anticipated to surpass consumption for the fourth consecutive year, with the surplus expected to hover around 4.7 million tonnes, resulting in a further build up of stocks. However, at this early stage of the season, there are many uncertainties surrounding the size of the projected production surplus.

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Commodity Market Review 2009-2010
The Commodity Market Review (CMR), a biennial publication of the FAO Trade and Markets Division, examines in depth issues relating to agricultural commodity market developments that are deemed by FAO as current and crucial for FAO’s member countries.

Structural changes in the sugar market and implications for sugarcane smallholders in developing countries - Country case studies for Ethiopia and the United Republic of Tanzania
This study looks at the contribution of the sugar sub-sector to smallholder’s livelihood based on field survey samples collected from sugar producing regions in Tanzania and Ethiopia.

The Brazilian ethanol programme: FAO Commodity and trade policy research working paper No. 1
The sugar market in Brazil has a strong relationship with the ethanol market. The Brazilian government has now abolished all the sugar market intervention measures except for the control on the ethanol-gasoline blend ratio. In this study, implications of a change in blend ratio to the sugar markets, particularly in its production resource use is investigated by applying a newly developed Ethanol-sugar market.

FAO trade policy technical notes - No. 6. Sugar: the impact of reforms to sugar sector policies - a guide to contemporary analyses
This technical note is intended as a guide to assist in the interpretation of a range of existing analytical studies of the impact of current sugar sector policies on world market conditions and on developing country producers, and of the insights that these studies can provide (and those that they cannot) in determining the potential impacts of future reform initiatives.