Trade and markets
 

Tropical fruits

Global production of tropical fruits has been growing steadily over the past decade, predominantly in response to growing demand in the major producing areas. An estimated 99 percent of tropical fruit production originates in developing countries, mostly cultivated by smallholder farmers who typically are endowed with, or have access to, less than 5 ha of land. While tropical fruits play a comparatively small role in global agricultural trade in volume terms, accounting for a mere 3 percent of world agricultural food products exports, their high average export unit value of well above USD1,000 per tonne places them as the third most valuable fruit group globally, behind bananas and apples. Trade in tropical fruits generates substantial income to smallholder producers, as well as significant export earnings for many of the producing countries, thereby contributing to their food security.

Developments in bananas and major tropical fruits: On the back of expanding supplies, global export volumes of bananas and tropical fruits rose by 18 percent on average during the first six months of 2018, compared to the same period in 2017. World shipments of bananas, pineapples and avocados each posted a double-digit growth rate from last year, while mango exports expanded by 7 percent. This article, published in Food Outlook, November 2018, represents a follow-up to the analysis on recent market developments in bananas and major tropical fruits, featured in the June and November 2017 editions of Food Outlook, respectively.

Global prospects for minor tropical fruits: Contrary to their major counterparts, only a small share of minor tropical fruit production enters local markets, and, with few exceptions, the different varieties continue to be little known outside the areas where they are grown. However, production and trade of minor tropical fruits are gaining importance globally, mainly in recognition of their contribution to a healthy diet. (Special Feature of Food Outlook, July 2018).

Global prospects for major tropical fruitsShort-term outlook, challenges and opportunities in a vibrant global marketplace. Tropical fruits constitute a comparatively new group in global commodity trade, having emerged on the international marketplace in significance only from 1970 onwards, thanks to advances in transportation, trade agreements and shifting consumer preferences in favour of these fruits (Special Feature of Food Outlook, November 2017). 

Medium-term prospects for raw materials, horticulture and tropical products
This publication puts the focus on a set of selected Raw materials, Horticulture and Tropical (RAMHOT) Products, namely sugar, tea, banana, tropical fruits, citrus products, Jute, and hard fibres. A medium-term outlook is generated for each of these products, and an analysis is undertaken to assess underlying market drivers and the factors likely to shape market performance over the next 10 years.

Smallholder participation in the tropical superfruits value chain: ensuring equitable share of the success to enhance their livelihood
The production and trade of tropical fruits generate income, improving the livelihoods and food security of producers, who are almost exclusively smallholders in developing countries.

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