Markets and trade

Tropical fruits

Global production of tropical fruits has been growing steadily over the past decade, predominantly in response to growing demand in the major producing areas. An estimated 99 percent of tropical fruit production originates in developing countries, mostly cultivated by smallholder farmers who typically are endowed with, or have access to, less than 5 ha of land. While tropical fruits play a comparatively small role in global agricultural trade in volume terms, accounting for a mere 3 percent of world agricultural food products exports, their high average export unit value of well above USD1,000 per tonne places them as the third most valuable fruit group globally, behind bananas and apples. Trade in tropical fruits generates substantial income to smallholder producers, as well as significant export earnings for many of the producing countries, thereby contributing to their food security.

Tropical Fruits Preliminary Market Results 2020. The Tropical Fruits Preliminary Market Results are compiled using provisional estimates to provide timely first insights into recent market developments. It complements the Tropical Fruits Market Review, which is issued on an annual basis to Members and Observers of the Sub-Group on Tropical Fruits of the Intergovernmental Group on Bananas and Tropical Fruits and offers a comprehensive overview of previous-year developments in tropical fruits trade. Both publications are prepared by the Team on Responsible Global Value Chains, Markets and Trade Division, FAO, which provides research and analyses on global value chains for agricultural commodities, and economic data and analyses on tropical fruits.

Previous editions: 2019 | 2019 Prel2018 | 2017

Preliminary assessment of the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on trade in bananas and tropical fruits. Amid an extraordinarily rapid decline in global economic activity and international transport, world supply and demand for bananas and tropical fruits have experienced COVID-19-related disruptions and contractions through several channels of transmission. This article presents a preliminary assessment of the current market situation and potential implications of the COVID-19 pandemic for the production, trade and consumption of bananas and tropical fruits in 2020.

Major Tropical Fruits Statistical Compendium 2019. The Major Tropical Fruits Statistical compendium, issued once a year, contains information on global trade in mangoes, pineapples, avocados and papayas. Its sources include information provided by FAO member nations, traders, news bulletins and the opinions of commodity specialists and represents the most authoritative and up-to-date source of information on the world tropical fruit economy.

Previous editions: 2018 2017

Major Tropical Fruit Market Review Snapshot February 2020. This snapshot describes the market situation and highlights the medium-term projections for world major tropical fruit markets for the period 2020-2029. Production, consumption and trade developments for mangoes, pineapples, avocados and papayas are discussed. The snapshot includes an introductory discussion of the key characteristics, opportunities, as well as risks and uncertainties that may shape world major tropical fruit markets during the outlook period.

Medium-term Outlook: Prospects for global production and trade in Bananas and Tropical Fruits 2019 to 2028. Bananas and, particularly, tropical fruits constitute a significant source of economic growth, income, food security and nutrition for the rural areas of many developing countries. The projections for bananas and tropical fruits presented in this medium-term outlook span a ten year horizon, from 2019 to 2028.

Bananas and major tropical fruits in Latin America and the Caribbean – The significance of the region to world supply. This article represents an introductory background note to the medium-term outlook for bananas and major tropical fruits in Latin America and the Caribbean, which has been published in the FAO Food Outlook, May 2019 edition.

Developments in bananas and major tropical fruits: On the back of expanding supplies, global export volumes of bananas and tropical fruits rose by 18 percent on average during the first six months of 2018, compared to the same period in 2017. World shipments of bananas, pineapples and avocados each posted a double-digit growth rate from last year, while mango exports expanded by 7 percent. This article, published in Food Outlook, November 2018, represents a follow-up to the analysis on recent market developments in bananas and major tropical fruits, featured in the June and November 2017 editions of Food Outlook, respectively.

Global prospects for minor tropical fruits: Contrary to their major counterparts, only a small share of minor tropical fruit production enters domestic and international markets, and, with few exceptions, the different varieties continue to be little known outside the areas where they are grown. However, production and trade of minor tropical fruits are gaining importance globally, mainly in recognition of their contribution to a healthy diet. (Special Feature of Food Outlook, July 2018).

Global prospects for major tropical fruitsShort-term outlook, challenges and opportunities in a vibrant global marketplace. Tropical fruits constitute a comparatively new group in global commodity trade, having emerged on the international marketplace in significance only from 1970 onwards, thanks to advances in transportation, trade agreements and shifting consumer preferences in favour of these fruits (Special Feature of Food Outlook, November 2017). 

Medium-term prospects for raw materials, horticulture and tropical products
This publication puts the focus on a set of selected Raw materials, Horticulture and Tropical (RAMHOT) Products, namely sugar, tea, banana, tropical fruits, citrus products, Jute, and hard fibres. A medium-term outlook is generated for each of these products, and an analysis is undertaken to assess underlying market drivers and the factors likely to shape market performance over the next 10 years.

Smallholder participation in the tropical superfruits value chain: ensuring equitable share of the success to enhance their livelihood
The production and trade of tropical fruits generate income, improving the livelihoods and food security of producers, who are almost exclusively smallholders in developing countries.


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Pascal Liu

Sabine Altendorf

Giuseppe Bonavita

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