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Uruguay Round: Monitoring implementation

The WTO Agreement on Agriculture (AoA) includes specific commitments by WTO Members to improve market access, reduce production and trade distorting domestic support and reduce export subsidies in agriculture. These commitments have been implemented over a six year period for developed countries (10 years for developing countries) that began in 1995.

The WTO Committee on Agriculture (CoA) meets four times a year under its regular sessions with the mandate, inter alia, of monitoring the implementation of the AoA on the basis of annual Notifications submitted by Members.  

The CoA also monitors developments in the implementation of Marrakech Ministerial Decision on Measures Concerning the Possible Negative Effects of the Reform Programme on Least-Developed and Net Food-Importing Developing Countries. For progress towards implementing the Marrakesh Decision and relevant negotiations see Marrakesh Decision.  The implementation of the Marrakesh Decision has remained unsatisfactory and a matter of concern for all, both donors and beneficiaries, despite the political commitment that has been stressed from time to time at major international conferences, such as the World Food Summit, UNCTAD and the Ministerial sessions of WTO.

FAO reports annually to the CoA on its capacity building activities and trends in the food import bills of LDCs and NFIDCs.