Trade and markets
 

Meat and dairy publications

Situación de la lechería en América Latina y el Caribe en 2011
El análisis de la situación lechera en América Latina y el Caribe que se presenta en este documento, es una muestra de los productos de información que pueden ser generados por el Observatorio del Sector Lácteo Regional, cuya creación viene siendo apoyada por la Organización de las Naciones Unidas para la Alimentación y la Agricultura FAO a solicitud de algunos países miembros y en alianza con la Federación Panamericana de Lechería FEPALE.

Animal diseases: implications for international meat trade
Recent epidemics of foot-and mouth disease (FMD), Bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) and classical swine fever (CSF) have demonstrated the enormous losses that can accrue to an exporting country from animal disease outbreaks or from a change in a country disease status. This document briefly summarises the information collated from country surveys and literature reviews covering financial, economic and social costs associated with recent disease outbreaks in selected countries, their impact on international meat trading patterns, and policy responses to cope with their effects.

Guidelines for international cooperation in the livestock and meat sector: review of follow-up action and progress in 1996-98
The general trend towards reduced market intervention in the livestock and meat markets persisted since the last review in 1996.

Market developments for organic meat and dairy products: implications for developing countries
The past decade has seen substantial growth in the market for organic products because of changing consumer preferences. In terms of both its market and supply, the organic sector is principally located in the developed countries. The European Union and the United States represent the main markets; however, even in countries where the organic segment of the market is expanding rapidly, its share of total food sales is still small, most commonly ranging between one and three percent.

Biotechnology developments and their potential impacts on the livestock and meat sectors
This report summarises the biotechnology developments in the livestock and meat sectors and makes an initial attempt to assess their potential impacts on the competitiveness and trading patterns of the products concerned. The study is based on a review of the nature of patents for basic animal biotechnological procedures and manipulations, for methods of improving animal productivity and facilitating animal reproduction, and for new veterinary capabilities and other purposes, as well as a general review of literature on the subject.

Technical barriers to imports of livestock and meat products from developing countries
Livestock and meat products are important export commodities for a number of developing countries. The review of the material collected indicated the wide range and growing importance of importers' technically orientated trade control measures. This document illustrates that compliance with these requirements can pose considerable difficulties for exporters, particularly those of the developing countries.

Basic interactions between livestock and the environment
Historically, the development of animal production has responded to agro-ecological opportunities and demand for livestock products and has evolved into environmental sustainable systems.

Livestock trade in southern Africa
Intra-regional trade in livestock and meat is currently confined to only a few countries, specifically members of the Southern Africa Customs Union (SACU). South Africa is the major regional market, although it is in itself an important exporter of livestock and meat to the region. Population and income growth is expected to increase demand for meat in the near future, which combined with limited potential for expansion of production, should boost net imports of meat.

Trade Policy Brief No. 11. Dairy and dairy products: Why is reform so difficult?

Trade Policy Technical Note No. 11. Dairy - Measuring the impact of reform

Milk and Milk Product Policy Developments 2002-2004
This paper examines the principal developments in government-related policies for livestock and livestock products over the 2002-2004 period.

International Prospects for Dairying in the Next WTO Negotiating Round
The outcome of next round of multi-lateral trade negotiations to be conducted under the auspices of the World Trade Organization (WTO) could have an important impact on the world's dairy industry. Amongst the issues that could come up for negotiation in the next WTO round are the reduction, or removal, of export subsidies, reductions in import tariffs, increased market access and changes in domestic support measures. Changes in any of these areas would have important implications for the dairy sector, underlining the necessity for all parts of the industry to be as well informed as possible on potential developments.