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Kyrgyzstan Extended and Revised Flash Appeal 2010
The first half of 2010 saw an upsurge in political turbulence and violent outbreaks in Kyrgyzstan. Widespread protests in April forced the president to resign and were followed by two months of clashes that spilled over into ethnic violence, which particularly affected areas that were home to a substantial Uzbek minority. Over the last four months, the political and security situation has stabilized and most of those displaced by the violence have returned to their homes. A national election was held in October without major incident, reflecting the wider calm.
However, as the violence and political instability have waned, their impact continues to be felt throughout the country and an estimated 75 000 people remain displaced. Unresolved tensions, ethnic divisions and the economic consequences of the violence have placed communities at real risk of future conflict. Closure of the borders and resulting lack of trade, and the disruption of livelihoods have particularly affected the agriculture sector on which some 65 percent of the population relies. On 18 June 2010, Kyrgyzstan launched a Flash Appeal, which was revised in July to reflect changes in the operational environment and the results of rapid needs assessments. However, underfunding of these appeals, particularly in the agriculture and early recovery sectors risks undermining the nascent peace and sparking renewed violence in the country. The Extended and Revised Appeal is, therefore, being launched to ensure an adequate response to remaining humanitarian needs, enhance protection and strengthen preparedness for potential needs and promote communal recovery.
Challenges facing food security and agriculture
The agriculture sector was one of the worst-affected by the unrest, as the closure of borders led to a disruption of commercial supply routes for key farming inputs. This pushed input prices higher, constraining agricultural production in a country already facing persistently high levels of food insecurity. Assessments undertaken by FAO and the World Food Programme (WFP) in the aftermath of the crisis highlighted that about 1.4 million people were food insecure, with over a quarter of the population considered to be at high nutritional and health risk due to poor food consumption. In addition, it was estimated that 340 000 food secure households were at risk of food insecurity as food prices rise and food availability falls during the winter season. Overall, the food security situation in the country is likely to further deteriorate as continued border closures limit access to markets and food, the impacts of a poor harvest and increased global food prices hit the poorest families, and households adopt negative coping strategies such as the sale of livestock and domestic assets.
The Food Security and Agriculture Cluster in Kyrgyzstan is co-led by FAO and WFP and promotes a coordinated and effective food security response. Through this Extended and Revised Appeal, FAO is seeking USD 3.07 million to:
- provide time-critical agricultural inputs and technical assistance (e.g. seeds, fertilizers);
- restart small-scale poultry and livestock production activities; and
- support the effective coordination of emergency agriculture and rehabilitation interventions.