Côte d'Ivoire and Neighbouring Countries Emergency Humanitarian Action Plan 2011
The political deadlock in Côte d’Ivoire following the second round of presidential elections, on 28 November 2010, is turning into a humanitarian crisis. This threatens the lives and livelihoods of ten of thousands of people in Côte d’Ivoire itself and the region as a whole. In response, Regional humanitarian actors in West Africa, in consultation with the country teams of Côte d’Ivoire and Burkina Faso, Ghana, Guinea and Mali - referred to as Côte d’Ivoire +4 - requested the elaboration of a Regional Emergency Humanitarian Action Plan (EHAP).
The objective of the EHAP is to allow humanitarian actors to reinforce their logistical capacities, level of preparedness, and coordination so as to respond in a timely and effective manner to the actual and potential humanitarian needs of up to 2 million people in Côte d’Ivoire, as well as up to 100 000 refugees and other vulnerable groups, including 420 000 returnees and third country nationals. The United Nations and its partners launched the Côte d’Ivoire and neigbouring countries (Burkina Faso, Ghana, Guinea and Mali) EHAP on 18 January 2011, requesting USD 32 766 935 to facilitate humanitarian organizations’ preparedness and cover the most urgent humanitarian needs for the next six-month.
Challenges facing food security and livelihoods
The crisis is already affecting the lives and livelihoods of both the displaced and host communities and the situation could further deteriorate. Displaced children are unable to attend school and families have lost their sources of income. Already, the crises and resulting disruption of trade has led to arise in the price of basic food stuffs in the main Ivorian cities, decreasing the purchasing power and compromising the food security of the most vulnerable of them.
Should the situation further deteriorate, agricultural input markets would be affected and would be unable to supply the regions in need. The food security situation and coping strategies of the affected populations in Côte d'Ivoire, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Guinea and Mali must be regularly monitored. In Cote d'Ivoire, preliminary assessments carried out by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations estimate that 40 000 agricultural kits (seeds, fertilizers and tools) are required to support rainy season agricultural production and the income generating activities of the affected households.
The Food Security Cluster, co-led by FAO and the Word Food Programme is appealing for USD 5 687 700 in order to:
- save lives, provide and protect the livelihoods of host communities, internally displaced person (IDPs), returnees and refugees through food aid, support to agricultural production and income generation; and
- reinforce preparedness, coordination and food security information sharing capacities among stakeholders in the affected countries.
FAO, under the EHAP is seeking USD 4 800 000 to improve the food security of IDPs, host communities and returnees in Côte d’Ivoire, Burkina Faso, Guinea, Ghana, and Mali and at regional level, as well as provide support to 40 000 households, and strengthen regional and national capacity to better respond to food insecurity needs through improved joint situation analysis.