FAO’s role in the Revised South Sudan Crisis Response Plan (June – December 2014)
Before the crisis, South Sudan was already the scene of one of the world’s largest humanitarian operations – responding to structural food insecurity, large refugee populations, intra-tribal violence, floods, drought and austerity caused by the halt in oil production in 2013.
Despite this, progress was being made and resilience-building and development were becoming the main focus of the Government and its partners. However, the ongoing crisis has undermined much of the progress – around 1.4 million South Sudanese have fled their homes in the last six months, escaping the violence that broke out in Juba on 15 December and spread across the country.
The majority of the displaced are living in makeshift camps, the UN’s Protection of Civilians (PoC) sites or among host communities in rural and urban areas, impacting on the coping capacities of these communities. The humanitarian response to the current crisis is hampered by restricted access to affected populations, transport constraints, continued insecurity, looting of pre-positioned supplies, and the displacement of both civil servants and humanitarian staff.
Planned FAO response
FAO is seeking USD 108 million to rapidly increase food availability through distributing emergency livelihood kits in severely-affected states (Unity, Jonglei, Upper Nile, and Central and Eastern Equatoria), and to protect and boost food production in less affected states (Northern and Western Bahr el-Ghazal, Warrap and Lakes).
Resources are urgently needed to assist 3.3 million of the most vulnerable people under the revised Crisis Response Plan. FAO’s Emergency Livelihood Response Programme seeks to address the immediate needs of different livelihood groups affected by the crisis – livestock owners, fishers, farmers and urban populations.