Gambia

Gambia

Faced with the lingering effects of the 2012 food and nutrition crisis in the Sahel, high food prices, recurrent natural disasters, animal disease outbreaks and plant infestations, many families in the Gambia struggle to feed themselves and their families. Approximately two-thirds of the population are currently food insecure.

FAO is focused on restoring the livelihoods of the most vulnerable communities in the Gambia, while at the same time, rebuilding their resilience to shocks that pose a threat to food security.

Assessing humanitarian and livelihood needs

The Gambia is a food-deficient country, contributing to only half of its food consumption needs, with less than 10 percent of rice – the country’s staple crop – produced locally. One of the main constraints to rice production in the Gambia is the red billed quela quela bird – a plant pest which is causing significant losses to crops and threatening the food security of farming families across the lower river region of the country. Approximately 600 ha of rice fields have been affected thus far.

FAO is currently carrying out a rapid assessment to better understand the extent of the damage as well as the humanitarian and livelihood needs of the affected farmers.

Combating transboundary animal diseases

Livestock production is carried out nationwide by almost all rural households in the Gambia. However, transboundry animal diseases – which can wipe out entire herds and adversely affect human health – is the biggest risk to farming families who depend on livestock production for their livelihood.

By carrying out vaccination campaigns against common animal diseases, FAO aims to improve animal health conditions and minimize the spread of transboundary animal diseases to other parts of the country. To prevent future outbreaks, FAO is training Government staff to improve disease detection, surveillance and reporting. FAO is also helping the Government to develop a five-year plan for the control and eradication of contagious bovine pleuropneumonia – the biggest threat to cattle production in sub-Saharan Africa.

 

More about the country

 - Food insecurity situation in the Sahel and West Africa from 01/03 to 31/05/2015.
13/04/2015
 - An analysis of the Harmonized Framework highlights minimal food insecurity in several areas in the region. However, between March and May 2015 ,4,749,000 persons are identified ...read more
10/04/2015
 - L'Essentiel Malgré les bonnes perspectives de récoltes en Afrique de l’Ouest, les estimations de production céréalière au Sahel Ouest (Cap-Vert, Gambie, Guinée-Bissau, Sénégal) enregistrent une baisse de ...read more
20/02/2015
 - About 20 million people are still affected by food insecurity in the Sahel, and are likely to see their situation deteriorate rapidly in 2015. Among them, ...read more
13/02/2015
 - Food insecurity situation in the Sahel and West Africa from 01/01 to 31/03/2015.
18/12/2014
 - L'Essentiel Les prévisions régionales de production agricole sont en hausse par rapport à la moyenne des cinq dernières années. Ce niveau de production cache des disparités d’un ...read more
15/12/2014
 - Food insecurity situation in the Sahel and West Africa from 01/10 to 31/12/2014.
16/11/2014
 - Key points The agricultural productions (cereal and pulses) are expected to be lower than the five-year average in the Gambia, Guinea Bissau, Mauritania and Senegal. Market cereal supply ...read more
24/10/2014
 - Key points Despite the resumption of rainfall in the region, countries along the Atlantic coast still record rainfall deficits affecting agricultural and pastoralist production. The extension of the ...read more
24/09/2014
 - The United Nations are calling on the international donor community to renew a commitment to fight food insecurity. Increased efforts need to be boosted in the ...read more
25/07/2014