Read more about FAO in emergencies and the Ebola outbreak in West AfricaThe humanitarian situation in Mali is still extremely fragile. Given the socio-political instability, particularly in the northern region of the country, and the highest number of floods registered over a period of five years, the lives of over 3 million people have been affected. Approximately 970 000 people are severely food insecure and over 2.3 million people are moderately food insecure.

Furthermore, recent events in the Central African Republic and Northern Nigeria have placed countries such as Mali under additional pressure to absorb thousands of returning third country nationals. As a result, an estimated 453 000 people are still displaced.

Agriculture and pasture are the most important sectors for people's livelihood, representing 80 percent of the workforce. It is therefore essential for FAO to provide quality seeds, small ruminants and veterinary support to vulnerable families that have lost their assets, in order to reinforce food and nutritional security and quickly increase the resilience of the vulnerable population.

Restoring livelihoods

The Sahel crisis has led to fodder deficits, little cereal production (19 percent lower than the 2012/2013 agricultural campaign) and insufficient water for agriculture and livestock production. In order to respond to both immediate needs of the population and structural vulnerabilities, FAO is setting up market gardens with fences, as well as rehabilitating water points and irrigation infrastructure. FAO is also distributing agricultural kits, tools, improved good quality seeds and small ruminants in order for refugees and internally displaced people to restore their livelihoods. In order to ensure livestock productivity, FAO is distributing feed concentrates and multi-vitamin blocks, providing animal health support and training to pastoralists on good livestock management practices.

Increasing resilience

With the objective of increasing rehabilitation and resilience, FAO is distributing seeds, restoring vegetable production, increasing access to credit and supporting livestock breeders.

Controlling transboundary animal diseases

The FAO/ECTAD programme is based in Mali and covers the 23 countries of West and Central Africa. Its main objective is to prevent and control transboundary animal disease, as well as to assist governments in better responding to animal health emergencies.

Developing capacities

In order to increase and diversify vegetable production, FAO is training beneficiaries on improved agricultural practices and creating small market gardens. FAO is also providing nutrition education to women and children in order for them to learn how to grow, process, purchase and prepare healthier food. Furthermore, it is providing training on horticultural processing and marketing techniques. With the objective of increasing food availability in the market, FAO is supporting producers by facilitating their access to more secure market channels in order for them to trade their products.


More about the country

 - Points essentiels: Poursuite des précipitations à l’ouest de la région avec le risque de perte de production par pourrissement des cultures déjà récoltées. Plus de 300 000 personnes more
 - Dans ce numéro: Édito Combattre l'insécurité alimentaire au Sahel Cultures pérennes et sécurité alimentaire Jeunesse au travail JMA 2015 - « Focus sur la protection sociale et l’agriculture » Nutrition à Bandigara more
 - Key points Average to good productions is expected in West Africa/Sahel. Further decline of the FAO food index was noted during this reporting period. In areas affected by more
 - Apoyo a la protección de los medios de vida de ganaderos y agro-ganaderos vulnerables en la región de Gao.
 - Highlights The rainfall situation has improved markedly in most parts of the region. However, some areas particularly the south of Benin, Ghana and Togo, northwest Mali, central more
 - To contribute to reinforce and protect the food and nutrition security of vulnerable households in the affected regions to resume agricultural and aquaculture production.
 - Key Points The pastoral lean season continues despite improved rainfall in end of July 2015 in the pastoral zone.  The agricultural campaign is off to a slow start more
 - To contribute to protect the livelihoods of the farming communities by increasing small farmer (mainly returnees and people with disabilities) production and productivity of rice and more
 - Key points The late arrival of rains entail an extension of pastoral lean season and the delay of the start of the cropping season. The FAO Food Price more
 - Food insecurity situation in the Sahel and West Africa from 01/06 to 30/08/2015.