Somalia

Somalia

Read more about FAO in emergencies and the Desert Locust crisis in the Horn of AfricaPoor rains and extended drought over multiple seasons have had a major impact on rural livelihoods and food security in Somalia, pushing the country to the brink of famine, just five years after the crisis of 2011 that claimed the lives of over a quarter of a million people.

Over half of the country’s population -- 6.7 million people –are now acutely food insecure (IPC 2,3 and 4). That is up from 6.2 million in February. Of these, 3.2 million are coping with severe food insecurity (IPC Phases 3 and 4). Food insecurity is particularly intense in rural areas: 68 percent (2.2 million) of all people in IPC 3 & 4 are rural farmers and pastoralists; 9 out of 10 people at greatest risk – IPC 4, the brink of famine –-are rural.

The April rains that each year support Somalia’s main Gu growing season and rejuvenate pastoral lands have now started – but they started late and rainfall has been below average in many places. Meanwhile, displacement, disease and compounding needs are causing food security to further deteriorate. The situation is dire. The risk of famine persists.

large-scale humanitarian surge has managed to hold the line so far through a combination of interventions but needs are growing. Livelihoods are people’s best defense against famine in rural areas. FAO is helping the most at-risk rural families meet their immediate food requirements through cash transfers while giving them the means to continue farming, raising their animals, and producing the food they need to survive the crisis.

These interventions also help mitigate displacement pressures, reduce the overall humanitarian burden, and lay the groundwork for future recovery.

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More about the country

 - East Africa is going through a massive desert locust infestation that’s stripping farming families of food and income and threatening the food security of millions throughout ...read more
30/03/2020
 - Key messages From February to September 2020, the population in Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) Phases 3 (Crisis) and 4 (Emergency) is expected to rise by ...read more
18/03/2020
 - FAO has thanked the government of Sweden for its pledge of $4 million to combat the swarms of crop-devouring desert locusts in East Africa and provide ...read more
12/03/2020
 - FAO is acting in response to a Government request for technical support to help mitigate the impact of desert locust. The Government has also clearly identified ...read more
10/03/2020
 - General situation during February 2020 and forecast until mid-April 2020.
06/03/2020
 - Areas affected by the desert locust crisis in the Greater Horn of Africa according to the data from the latest FAO Desert Locust bulletin.
03/03/2020
 - Farmers and agropastoralists in Somalia experienced up to four consecutive poor harvests during the drought in 2016-17, which impacted household food availability, income generated from harvests ...read more
02/03/2020
 - FAO Director-General QU Dongyu has welcomed a €17 million contribution from Germany to provide assistance to those directly affected by the desert locust upsurge in East ...read more
28/02/2020
 - Switzerland has pledged $1 million for the ongoing campaign in East Africa aimed at controlling large infestations of the pernicious crop pest and limit damages to ...read more
28/02/2020
 - Desert locust poses an unprecedented risk to agriculture-based livelihoods and food security in an already fragile region. Over the past few years, consecutive shocks – among ...read more
26/02/2020