Somalia

Somalia

Read more about FAO in emergencies and the Desert Locust crisis in the Horn of AfricaPoor rains and extended drought over multiple seasons have had a major impact on rural livelihoods and food security in Somalia, pushing the country to the brink of famine, just five years after the crisis of 2011 that claimed the lives of over a quarter of a million people.

Over half of the country’s population -- 6.7 million people –are now acutely food insecure (IPC 2,3 and 4). That is up from 6.2 million in February. Of these, 3.2 million are coping with severe food insecurity (IPC Phases 3 and 4). Food insecurity is particularly intense in rural areas: 68 percent (2.2 million) of all people in IPC 3 & 4 are rural farmers and pastoralists; 9 out of 10 people at greatest risk – IPC 4, the brink of famine –-are rural.

The April rains that each year support Somalia’s main Gu growing season and rejuvenate pastoral lands have now started – but they started late and rainfall has been below average in many places. Meanwhile, displacement, disease and compounding needs are causing food security to further deteriorate. The situation is dire. The risk of famine persists.

large-scale humanitarian surge has managed to hold the line so far through a combination of interventions but needs are growing. Livelihoods are people’s best defense against famine in rural areas. FAO is helping the most at-risk rural families meet their immediate food requirements through cash transfers while giving them the means to continue farming, raising their animals, and producing the food they need to survive the crisis.

These interventions also help mitigate displacement pressures, reduce the overall humanitarian burden, and lay the groundwork for future recovery.

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More about the country

 - The Horn of Africa is facing the worst desert locust crisis in decades. Control operations are key to stemming the upsurge and to avoid desert the ...read more
21/09/2020
 - To increase immediate food access while restoring household food production and protecting livestock assets.
08/09/2020
 - To contribute to protecting the most vulnerable populations in northeastern Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan and Yemen.
07/09/2020
 - UN Agency to air more than 30 episodes on good agricultural practices, livestock, nutrition and fishery In light of the current threat to public health posed by ...read more
02/09/2020
 - To support emergency and longer-term sustainable responses by providing timely information and analysis on the food security, nutrition, and livelihood situation in Somalia.
20/08/2020
 - FAO’s component of the Global Humanitarian Response Plan for COVID-19 The world is standing on the precipice of the greatest food crisis in generations. Worldwide, people and ...read more
17/08/2020
 - Initiative seeks to increase self-reliance of vulnerable populations and lay the groundwork for increased agribusiness investment The IKEA Foundation's support will boost efforts by FAO, in partnership ...read more
30/07/2020
 - To strengthen community resilience through the use of early warning information to improve flood and drought risk reduction, preparedness and mitigation.
10/07/2020
 - Somalia has been battling desert locusts since early 2020. In May, along with ground control operations, an FAO and Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation of the Federal ...read more
08/07/2020
 - FAO delivers agricultural inputs and cash transfers to vulnerable farmers in rural Somalia thanks to funding from the European Union’s humanitarian aid programme. The prolonged dry spell ...read more
30/06/2020