Somalia

Somalia

In the past

Read more about FAO in emergencies and the the drought in the Horn of Africa

Poor rains and extended drought over multiple seasons have had a major impact on rural livelihoods and food security in Somalia, pushing the country to the brink of famine, just five years after the crisis of 2011 that claimed the lives of over a quarter of a million people.

Over half of the country’s population -- 6.7 million people –are now acutely food insecure (IPC 2,3 and 4). That is up from 6.2 million in February. Of these, 3.2 million are coping with severe food insecurity (IPC Phases 3 and 4). Food insecurity is particularly intense in rural areas: 68 percent (2.2 million) of all people in IPC 3 & 4 are rural farmers and pastoralists; 9 out of 10 people at greatest risk – IPC 4, the brink of famine –-are rural.

The April rains that each year support Somalia’s main Gu growing season and rejuvenate pastoral lands have now started – but they started late and rainfall has been below average in many places. Meanwhile, displacement, disease and compounding needs are causing food security to further deteriorate. The situation is dire. The risk of famine persists.

large-scale humanitarian surge has managed to hold the line so far through a combination of interventions but needs are growing. Livelihoods are people’s best defense against famine in rural areas. FAO is helping the most at-risk rural families meet their immediate food requirements through cash transfers while giving them the means to continue farming, raising their animals, and producing the food they need to survive the crisis.

These interventions also help mitigate displacement pressures, reduce the overall humanitarian burden, and lay the groundwork for future recovery.

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More about the country

 - Key messages The latest food security projections in Somalia (October-December) are a concern:o 2.1 million people in IPC Phases 3-4 (twice the pre-crisis average)o 4.2 million people ...read more
09/10/2019
 - The Food and Nutrition Security Resilience Programme (FNS-REPRO) of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), funded by the Government of the Netherlands, ...read more
30/09/2019
 - The Kingdom of the Netherlands has contributed $28 million to back FAO's work to boost the resilience of food systems in Somalia, Sudan, and South Sudan ...read more
24/09/2019
 - This update, facilitated by the Food Security Information Network and produced under the Global Network Against Food Crises, provides the members of the United Nations Security Council ...read more
05/09/2019
 - This regional report on food crises is the first for the region and highlights the plight of millions of people experiencing acute levels of food insecurity in ...read more
03/09/2019
 - IPC projection map of acute food insecurity situation overview in Somalia from 01/01 to 31/06/2020.
02/09/2019
 - Hassan Muhumed Abdilaahi is a young beekeper from Gebiley in Somaliland. He started in 2013, at the age of 24, with only two traditional beehives. The ...read more
15/08/2019
 - Hassan waves from the small green tuk-tuk that has brought him from home to his beloved and ever-growing apiary. Having gone from two traditional hives in ...read more
12/08/2019
 - Desert Locust summer breeding, amplified by heavy rains, can pose a serious threat to agricultural production areas of Yemen, Sudan, Eritrea and parts of Ethiopia and ...read more
25/07/2019
 - The Federal Government of Somalia has adopted a new Livestock Sector Development Strategy, the outcome of a multi-stakeholder process led by the Food and Agriculture Organization ...read more
08/07/2019