Somalia

Somalia

In the past

Read more about FAO in emergencies and the the drought in the Horn of Africa

Poor rains and extended drought over multiple seasons have had a major impact on rural livelihoods and food security in Somalia, pushing the country to the brink of famine, just five years after the crisis of 2011 that claimed the lives of over a quarter of a million people.

Over half of the country’s population -- 6.7 million people –are now acutely food insecure (IPC 2,3 and 4). That is up from 6.2 million in February. Of these, 3.2 million are coping with severe food insecurity (IPC Phases 3 and 4). Food insecurity is particularly intense in rural areas: 68 percent (2.2 million) of all people in IPC 3 & 4 are rural farmers and pastoralists; 9 out of 10 people at greatest risk – IPC 4, the brink of famine –-are rural.

The April rains that each year support Somalia’s main Gu growing season and rejuvenate pastoral lands have now started – but they started late and rainfall has been below average in many places. Meanwhile, displacement, disease and compounding needs are causing food security to further deteriorate. The situation is dire. The risk of famine persists.

large-scale humanitarian surge has managed to hold the line so far through a combination of interventions but needs are growing. Livelihoods are people’s best defense against famine in rural areas. FAO is helping the most at-risk rural families meet their immediate food requirements through cash transfers while giving them the means to continue farming, raising their animals, and producing the food they need to survive the crisis.

These interventions also help mitigate displacement pressures, reduce the overall humanitarian burden, and lay the groundwork for future recovery.

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More about the country

 - IPC projection map of acute food insecurity situation overview in Somalia from 01/02 to 31/06/2018.
10/02/2018
 -  to assist 2.7 million people FAO requires USD 236.5 million period January – December 2018                                 In 2016–2017, Somalia faced one of its harshest droughts in recent history. However, the ongoing drought has ...read more
08/02/2018
 - With conflict and climate-related shocks sending global hunger numbers marching back up after declining for decades, FAO is asking for $1.06 billion to save lives and livelihoods and ...read more
08/02/2018
 - In 2017, FAO used early warning information to prompt early action in Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia, easing the impact of drought on pastoralists who were struggling ...read more
08/02/2018
 - The Global Early Warning - Early Action System (EWEA) report on food security and agriculture is developed by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) through its EWEA. ...read more
04/01/2018
 - Strong cereal harvests are keeping global food supplies buoyant, but localised drought, flooding and protracted conflicts have intensified and perpetuated food insecurity, according to the new ...read more
07/12/2017
 - Key messages Rural livelihoods are people’s best defence against famine. Interventions that reinforce rural livelihoods meet immediate food needs, mitigate displacement pressures, reduce the overall humanitarian burden ...read more
04/12/2017
 - FAO has implemented Cash+ programmes in development, humanitarian and recovery contexts in Sub-Saharan Africa, and conducted analyses of other programmes and complementarities.
04/12/2017
 - FAO's Cash transfers activities in Somalia famine response.
18/11/2017
 - With the main farming season coming to a close in northeastern Nigeria, over 66 000 people affected by conflict are harvesting food – many for the ...read more
16/11/2017