Somalia

Somalia

In the past

Read more about FAO in emergencies and the the drought in the Horn of Africa

Poor rains and extended drought over multiple seasons have had a major impact on rural livelihoods and food security in Somalia, pushing the country to the brink of famine, just five years after the crisis of 2011 that claimed the lives of over a quarter of a million people.

Over half of the country’s population -- 6.7 million people –are now acutely food insecure (IPC 2,3 and 4). That is up from 6.2 million in February. Of these, 3.2 million are coping with severe food insecurity (IPC Phases 3 and 4). Food insecurity is particularly intense in rural areas: 68 percent (2.2 million) of all people in IPC 3 & 4 are rural farmers and pastoralists; 9 out of 10 people at greatest risk – IPC 4, the brink of famine –-are rural.

The April rains that each year support Somalia’s main Gu growing season and rejuvenate pastoral lands have now started – but they started late and rainfall has been below average in many places. Meanwhile, displacement, disease and compounding needs are causing food security to further deteriorate. The situation is dire. The risk of famine persists.

large-scale humanitarian surge has managed to hold the line so far through a combination of interventions but needs are growing. Livelihoods are people’s best defense against famine in rural areas. FAO is helping the most at-risk rural families meet their immediate food requirements through cash transfers while giving them the means to continue farming, raising their animals, and producing the food they need to survive the crisis.

These interventions also help mitigate displacement pressures, reduce the overall humanitarian burden, and lay the groundwork for future recovery.

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More about the country

 - The world faces one of the largest food crises in 70 years, with 20 million people in four countries — northeastern Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan and ...read more
25/05/2017
 - Governments, civic groups and businesses need to rally support for both immediate relief to people in countries at risk of famine and longer-term initiatives that will ...read more
18/05/2017
 - Key messages Rural livelihoods provide a critical defence against famine. Interventions that reinforce rural livelihoods meet immediate food needs, mitigate displacement pressures, reduce the overall humanitarian burden, ...read more
12/05/2017
 - IPC projection map of acute food insecurity situation overview in Somalia from 01/04 to 31/06/2017.
10/05/2017
 - The leaders of the United Nations' Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the World Food Programme (WFP) have called on the international community to urgently step ...read more
02/05/2017
 - A combination of food assistance and food production support is the only way to make any dent in the scale of hunger we are witnessing in ...read more
28/04/2017
 - In March, FAO activated 120 veterinary teams across Somalia to keep drought-affected animals alive and healthy, helping livestock owners to retain a vital food source. Nearly ...read more
27/04/2017
 - Urgent action is needed to save the lives of people facing famine in northeastern Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan and Yemen, FAO Directory-General José Graziano da Silva ...read more
24/04/2017
 - Prince Charles of Wales today visited FAO where he was briefed by officials from the three Rome-based UN food agencies on the massive hunger crises facing ...read more
05/04/2017
 - The objective of this good practice fact sheet is to provide guidance on using remote sensing technology in a developing country environment, in particular to verify ...read more
04/04/2017