In the past
Since 2013, Cameroon has been experiencing a complex humanitarian crisis. With over double the number of food insecure people since June 2015 ‒ from 1.1 to 2.7 million ‒ the situation has sharply deteriorated. Armed conflict in the Central African Republic and notheastern Nigeria have triggered a huge influx of refugees, while nearly 200 000 Cameroonians have been internally displaced due to natural disasters and the presence of Boko Haram in the country. This has increased pressure on vulnerable host communities, particularly in the eastern and northern regions, who were already affected by food insecurity, malnutrition and diseases, and have limited access to basic social services.
Concerning agricultural situation
Agricultural activities continue to be severely affected, particularly in the Far North region, by civil unrest that has spread from neighbouring Nigeria and recurrent climate shocks. In the Far North region, livestock rearing activities have also been affected by the crisis, with large numbers of cattle reported to be stolen. Cameroonian authorities have temporarily closed several cattle markets in an effort to curb illicit livestock trade. As a result, 35 percent of the northern population is food insecure and households lack access to inputs and productive assets.
Boosting food production
Given reduced agricultural production due to erratic weather conditions and widespread insecurity, timely and effective agricultural support is essential in 2017 to mitigate the impact of the crisis, and enable vulnerable farmers to produce their own food and generate income. To help avert a full-scale food security and nutrition crisis in the coming months, under the 2017 Humanitarian Response Plan, FAO requires USD 4.6 million to respond to the needs of 100 000 crisis-hit farmers, mainly through increased crop, vegetable and livestock production.