In the past

Read more about FAO in emergencies and the crisis in the Lake Chad BasinChronic poverty and successive shocks have affected Chadians for decades. Since 2015, Chad’s Lake province has been severely affected by the impact of the northeastern Nigerian crisis. Ongoing military operations and security incidents, particularly in the border areas with Nigeria and the Niger, have caused population displacements and affected vulnerable local communities. Households’ livelihoods have been disrupted, increasing food insecurity and malnutrition, with 2.2 million people affected by malnutrition – a 29 percent increase compared with 2018. The situation is likely to deteriorate further in 2019 as 519 123 people are expected to be severely food insecure during the lean season (June–August). FAO is working to protect the livelihoods of food-insecure people by providing emergency agricultural and livestock support.

Challenges facing agriculture

Chad’s humanitarian needs stem from multiple structural development challenges, chronic poverty and successive shocks that continue to expose people to recurring crises, exacerbating their vulnerabilities and affecting their resilience. Other factors include limited access to basic services, environmental degradation, climate variability, population growth in relation to slow economic growth, and insecurity in neighbouring countries and in the western part of the country causing population movements. All these factors have adversely affected agricultural production and the food security situation in the country, particularly in the Sahelian belt. The frequent emergence of crop pests and floods have destroyed crops and resulted in low agricultural yields, significantly affecting households’ food security and nutritional status. The number of children at risk of severe acute malnutrition has increased by 59 percent compared with 2018 – from 220 000 to 350 000.

Furthermore, intercommunity tensions persist in certain areas of the country’s eastern, southern and Lake regions, particularly between herders and farmers that are exacerbated by transhumance movements due to the lack of fodder and few water points. A deterioration of social cohesion and inter-community conflict in agropastoral areas and localities hosting displaced persons is a significant risk. The presence of displaced people puts pressure on the limited resources in host areas, causing tensions with host communities. According to the Cadre Harmonisé (November 2018), 657 540 people are displaced. Moreover, the country hosts a large number of refugees due to the continuing civil conflict in neighbouring countries: the Central African Republic, Libya, Nigeria and the Sudan. The ongoing civil insecurity due to Boko Haram led to large population displacement, compromising the food security of refugees, returnees and host communities in the Lake Chad Basin.

Boosting agricultural production

In 2019, providing emergency agricultural assistance to vulnerable populations will be particularly important during the lean season as well as pastoral support to herders in areas where natural resources are under pressure, mainly because of transhumance movements and adverse climate events. This will help to strengthen vulnerable populations’ resilience against climate shocks.

Under the 2019 Humanitarian Response Plan, FAO seeks USD 21 million to assist 272 025 people to increase agricultural and livestock production through the provision of inputs, such as irrigation kits, seeds, tools, processing units and animal feed, as well as trainings and income-generating activities.


More about the country

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