Chad

Chad

Chronic poverty, years of conflict and severe climatic events, including the 2011/2012 drought in the Sahel which triggered a major food and nutrition crisis, have negatively impacted agricultural and livestock production. The influx of refugees and Chadian returnees fleeing violence in neighbouring countries, particularly the Central African Republic, has put further pressure on the fragile food security situation. FAO is working to strengthen the livelihood capacities of the most vulnerable households to ensure they are able to fulfil their basic needs.

Boosting agricultural and pastoral production

Poor rainfall distribution during the 2013 rainy season caused significant cereal deficits in the country’s Sahel region, weakening the livelihoods of the already vulnerable population. Decreased cereal and fodder production have led many families to rely on markets to access both food for themselves and feed for their livestock. Persistently high prices, however, mean that many households are unable to afford the food they need. FAO is providing the necessary seeds and tools that will help restore agricultural production throughout the country.

Pastoralists in areas with heavy fodder deficits face a higher risk of livestock starvation and death, contributing to the reduction in their production capacity, and consequently their purchasing power. To prevent these losses, FAO is providing emergency feed, vaccinating livestock and reinforcing local market access to sell animal products, so that these pastoralists do not lose their capital.

Various crises in the region have led thousands of returnees to lose their productive means and capital during displacement. Communities hosting IDPs, refugees and returnees also struggle to cope with already scarce natural resources. FAO is providing these groups with good quality seeds and tools to reinforce their production capacity and ensure they will be able to provide for themselves.

Supporting home gardening

Many households in Chad are suffering from malnutrition, which is the combined result of food unavailability, food inaccessibility resulting from chronic poverty and a limited understanding of nutrition. FAO is supporting the promotion of off-season garden agriculture to assist Sudanese refugees and other vulnerable populations in the country’s Sahel region by increasing nutritious food consumption and providing additional income. FAO also works on landscaping of home gardening perimeters to give women access to land.

Strengthening coordination and information systems

Chad has an information gap in timely food security data availability that slows down response preparation and does not allow for timely quality actions. FAO is involved in building an efficient food security information system based on national and local capacities in order to assess humanitarian needs early enough to provide relevant and efficient assistance. Strengthening food security information systems is necessary to avoid delays in the humanitarian response.

Delays in appropriate responses to crisis can also be reduced through better response coordination within the humanitarian community. FAO, which co-leads the Food Security Cluster in Chad with the World Food Programme, is working to strengthen the Cluster’s coordination mechanism while building the capacity of partners to respond to recurrent crises.

 

More about the country

 - In 2016, FAO seeks USD 787 million to assist over 21 million crisis-affected people in 29 countries. FAO in the 2016 Humanitarian Appeals
19/01/2016
 - Keys points: Good agro-pastoral production is expected in West Africa and the Sahel. Some localized fodder deficits in the pastoral zone of Niger, Mali, Mauritania, Senegal and Chad ...read more
21/12/2015
 - Food insecurity situation in the Sahel and West Africa from 01/10 to 31/12/2015.
14/12/2015
 - Préserver la sécurité alimentaire et nutritionnelle des ménages réfugiés et retournés de la République centrafricaine ainsi que des populations hôtes au sud du Tchad.
10/12/2015
 - Key points: Continued rainfall in the west of the region with the risk of post-harvest losses due to decay of harvested crops More than 300,000 people affected by ...read more
25/11/2015
 - Key points Average to good productions is expected in West Africa/Sahel. Further decline of the FAO food index was noted during this reporting period. In areas affected by ...read more
15/10/2015
 - Highlights The rainfall situation has improved markedly in most parts of the region. However, some areas particularly the south of Benin, Ghana and Togo, northwest Mali, central ...read more
16/09/2015
 - Cameroon's capital hosts two meetings that started on 24 August and which bring together about 40 participants, including Heads of Veterinary Services, Directors of laboratories and ...read more
26/08/2015
 - Key Points The pastoral lean season continues despite improved rainfall in end of July 2015 in the pastoral zone.  The agricultural campaign is off to a slow start ...read more
18/08/2015
 - Key points The late arrival of rains entail an extension of pastoral lean season and the delay of the start of the cropping season. The FAO Food Price ...read more
13/07/2015