Haiti

Haiti

One of the poorest and least developed countries in the western hemisphere, it is prone to natural disasters – from drought and flooding to seasonal hurricanes and tropical storms. The complex humanitarian context remains precarious due to the persistence of cholera, the binational mixed migration crisis with the Dominican Republic and the limited response to the needs of people affected by natural disasters. Recurrent droughts and back-to-back emergencies make it difficult for many Haitians to rebound. The combined effects of these factors prevent the country’s recovery, weakening its resilience against future shocks, with an estimated 2.8 million people in need of urgent humanitarian assistance and about 37 500 people still displaced from the 2010 earthquake. FAO seeks to help Haitians to produce food, earn money and become more resilient to face the next disaster.

Challenges facing agriculture and food security

Over two-thirds of Haitians depend on agriculture as their main source of food and income, therefore when a disaster strikes, it can wipe out a household’s means to make a living. The El Niño phenomenon has caused a drought in many parts of the country resulting in a sharp drop of the production of the main crops (cereals and beans). Together with the rise in commodity prices and annual inflation rate of 14.1 percent year-on-year, this has significantly affected households’ ability to access food. The persistence of the El Niño phenomenon, inflation, the depreciation of the gourd and the lean period are expected to further deteriorate the food security situation.

According to the Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC), 1.3 million people are severely food insecure. Furthermore, preliminary results of an IPC analysis carried out in October 2018 in the country’s most drought-affected areas, indicated that 30 percent of the population analysed are in IPC Phases 3 and 4 and malnutrition rates are above the alert threshold.  

Rebuilding livelihoods

Given limited harvests during the last cropping seasons and the limited access to agricultural inputs, supporting households’ purchasing power and ensuring their ability to produce food are FAO’s main strategies to mitigate the effects of the drought.

Under the 2017 ̶ 2018 Humanitarian Response Plan, FAO appealed for USD 22 million to assist 461 000 people in 2018. Priority activities focus on recovering agricultural, livestock and fish production through the provision of quality inputs, training, cash-for-work and mobile veterinary clinics.

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More about the country

 - In the context of increasing humanitarian crises, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations and the World Food Programme are committed, alongside Member States, ...read more
22/08/2018
 - A new FAO report sounds the alarm on some of the world's most severely underfunded crises, which in the wake of new shocks require an urgent ...read more
01/08/2018
 - In the first half of 2018, conflicts, droughts and floods in countries already experiencing complex crises have left millions of people facing a further deterioration in their food security ...read more
30/07/2018
 - Réhabiliter les moyens d’existence et relancer la production agricole et halieutique des communautés rurales affectées par l’ouragan Matthew dans les communes de Bombardopolis, Baie de Henne ...read more
18/06/2018
 - Protéger et réhabiliter les moyens d’existence des éleveurs et des pêcheurs artisanaux affectés par l’ouragan Matthew dans les départements de la Grande Anse, du Sud et ...read more
10/04/2018
 - In Haiti, access to veterinary services is vital, as livestock production is a main source of income. However, these services are generally expensive or simply unavailable ...read more
03/04/2018
 - To contribute to protect the livelihoods of herders and farmers affected by Hurricane Matthew to restore their food security.
28/03/2018
 -  to assist 461 000 people FAO requires USD 22 million period January – December 2018                                 Haiti remains affected by a convergence of humanitarian crises exacerbated by the impact of Hurricane Matthew (2016) ...read more
08/02/2018
 - With conflict and climate-related shocks sending global hunger numbers marching back up after declining for decades, FAO is asking for $1.06 billion to save lives and livelihoods and ...read more
08/02/2018
 - The list of hurricanes and natural disasters which have struck Haïti over the last decade is long. Its location between the Caribbean Sea and the ...read more
29/01/2018