the Niger

the Niger

In the past

Read more about FAO in emergencies and the crisis in the Lake Chad BasinThe humanitarian situation in the Niger remains affected by food insecurity, malnutrition, population displacement, natural disasters and epidemics. Multiple chronic factors and successive shocks mean that millions of people require urgent assistance each year. According to the latest Cadre Harmonisé (November 2018), 1.2 million people are projected to be severely food insecure in June–August 2019 – twice as many compared with the current situation – if adequate assistance is not provided. FAO is working to strengthen household resilience by providing agricultural assistance to save lives and protect livelihoods.

Challenges to food security

The crisis in the Niger has increased the vulnerabilities of millions of people already facing poverty in the country, where a large part of the rural population still lives in a state of chronic food insecurity. Malnutrition trends are also alarming, with 380 166 children suffering from severe acute malnutrition.

Violent conflict and instability in neighbouring countries along with tensions within the Niger continue to result in population displacements, particularly in the Diffa, Tillabery and Tahoua regions. The effects of the state of emergency in these areas will continue to hinder the movement of people and goods, and access to markets as well as to farming fields and grazing areas, resulting in price increases, the disruption of livelihoods, and rising levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.

Furthermore, land degradation, pest attacks, floods and forage deficits due to drought in agricultural and pastoral areas have also had negative impacts on food insecurity in the country and put pressure on already limited natural resources, resulting in reduced production outcomes.

Improving agricultural and livestock production

As 80 percent of the population relies on agriculture for their livelihoods, providing agricultural support is crucial to prevent the worsening of the food security situation. Establishing food stocks and restoring fodder production is essential to improve vulnerable people’s livelihoods and resilience to shocks.

Under the 2019 Humanitarian Response Plan, FAO seeks USD 12.8 million to assist 505 400 people. Specific activities will focus on providing animal feed, vegetable and fodder seeds, as well as livestock restocking and the implementation of cash-based transfers. Moreover, support to animal health will also be provided through vaccination campaigns and deworming.

FAO and the World Food Programme continue to co-lead the Food Security Cluster to improve coordination and enhance national capacities to ensure evaluation, monitoring of activities and analysis of gender-sensitive response and protection. Both partners aim to provide coordinated food and agricultural assistance in order to strengthen household resilience to shocks in crisis-affected areas.

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More about the country

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 - Increased violence in bordering regions with Burkina Faso, Mali and Nigeria, and intercommunal conflict have caused an unprecedented humanitarian crisis in the Niger along with higher levels of food insecurity and malnutrition. Poor ...read more
01/06/2020
 - To improve the resilience of vulnerable crisis-affected households in the Diffa region.
01/05/2020
 - The Early Warning Early Action (EWEA) report on food security and agriculture is developed by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). It ...read more
24/04/2020
 - Le Burkina Faso, le Mali et le Niger sont des pays enclavés et à faible revenu qui ont toujours été vulnérables face aux chocs, tandis que ...read more
22/04/2020
 - The outcome of the pastoral campaign in the Niger was limited, mainly due to insecurity, which is disrupting the mobility of herds in certain regions − ...read more
31/03/2020
 - In addition to structural weaknesses, the Niger is facing an unprecedented security crisis, which is linked to conflict in the neighbouring countries of Burkina Faso, Libya, ...read more
31/03/2020
 - In 2019, the Niger faced increased insecurity, particularly in the Diffa region and areas along the border with Burkina Faso and Mali, mainly Tahoua and Tillabery, ...read more
27/03/2020