Food insecurity regularly affects over 1 million people annually in the Niger due to recurrent shocks, which increases households’ vulnerability and weakens their resilience. As a result of the conflict in the Lake Chad Basin, the security situation in Diffa has aggravated the already precarious living conditions of vulnerable populations and caused the displacement of 302 000 people in the region.
Increasing agricultural production
Subsistence agriculture and pastoralism are the predominant economic activities occupying more than 80 percent of the workforce. Despite the encouraging preliminary results of the 2016/17 agricultural campaign, nearly 3 000 villages remain at risk of production deficit. The population in over 70 villages in the Diffa region were not able to plant due to insecurity, while the livelihoods of other farmers were affected by the floods in August 2016. Food insecurity is likely to worsen, especially in the northwest, owing to increases in rice and cereal prices as well as the onset of the Rift Valley fever, affecting both human and animal health and thereby restricting livelihood activities and production. In addition, cereal and fodder deficits are expected in pastoral and transhumance regions due to various weather abnormalities, including excess of humidity, drought, sand, winds, etc.
Under the 2017 Humanitarian Response Plan, FAO is requesting USD 5.5 million to assist 580 532 people by providing them with critical agricultural inputs to restore their livelihoods and avoid a further deterioration of their food security. Support to animal health will also be provided through vaccinations, deworming, training and the distribution of veterinary kits and animal feed.