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Senegal

Senegal

The Sahel Crisis, also affecting Senegal, has led to a decline in agropastoral production that has put over 739 000 people at risk of food insecurity. FAO is working with the Government of Senegal to strengthen the livelihoods of the rural population by improving their means of production. The decline in agricultural production and pasture availability in the central, southern and south-eastern regions of the country are likely to continue deteriorating the food and nutrition security situation. FAO is distributing good quality seeds, minerals and vitamins complements and dewormers for livestock and strengthening market linkages to ensure food access and availability.

Strengthening agriculture in response to the crisis

The agriculture sector, also including livestock, forestry and fisheries, is the main source of employment and revenue for about 60 percent of the population. Irregular rainfall, declining soil fertility and relatively low levels of investment in the agriculture sector have led to a decline in production. FAO is distributing rice, millet, maize, cowpeas and watermelon seeds, as well as fertilizer to vulnerable farmers in an effort to increase their production capacity and diversify the food available. FAO is also investing in agriculture by providing important tools for production and processing and supplying good quality seeds to be stored in stocks. Disparities in agricultural production are localized across the country, and FAO focuses its response in the worst affected areas, particularly in the regions of Diourbel, Kaffrine, Kédougou, Kolda, Saint Louis, Sédhiou, Louga, Matam, Tambacounda and Ziguinchor, including the pastoral zones for livestock interventions.

Strengthening resilience through training

Losses in agricultural production have meant that more families are becoming dependant on markets for a greater share of their food needs. FAO is improving the production capacity of households so that they can become less dependent on markets. FAO trains rural communities on better agricultural production practices including fertilizer use, soil fertility and irrigation. By not only providing seeds but training these communities on good vegetable production techniques, FAO is ensuring that they become more resilient to future crises. FAO also introduced the Integrated Management of Production and Predators approach (GIDP) with the use of organic products made by women’s associations.

Supporting the National Early Warning System

Timely and accurate information on the nature and causes of food insecurity and malnutrition are vital to formulate and implement policies and programmes that respond well to crises. FAO participates in the permanent monitoring of food security and nutrition conditions, and is also strengthening the Cadre Harmonisé. Beyond emergency operations, interventions in the medium and longer-term that seek to reverse the cycle of food shortages and crises in Senegal, are also being implemented by FAO.

 

More about the country

 - L'Essentiel Malgré la reprise des précipitations dans la région, les pays de la façade atlantique connaissent toujours des déficits pluviométriques qui affectent les productions agricoles et pastorales La ...read more
24/09/2014
 - The United Nations are calling on the international donor community to renew a commitment to fight food insecurity. Increased efforts need to be boosted in the ...read more
25/07/2014
 - The United Nations today called on the international donor community to renew a commitment to fight hunger and food insecurity in the Sahel by protecting and ...read more
25/07/2014
 - Key points Sowing activities are affected by the late start of the rainy season as well as dry spells that occurred in localized areas in the region Monthly ...read more
11/07/2014
 - Key points Population displacements as a result of violence in the Central African Republic, in northern Nigeria and in northern Mali, pose a humanitarian risk in the ...read more
20/06/2014
 - Introduction June 2014: Despite continuous efforts of governments and partners to fight hunger in the Sahel, the situation remains of great concern. Since January 2014 and after an ...read more
14/06/2014
 - Despite continuous efforts of governments and partners to fight hunger in the Sahel, the situation remains of great concern. Since January 2014, following an early start ...read more
14/06/2014
 - The Regional training workshop on “Integrating Nutrition and Food Security programming for emergency response and resilience building” aims to build capacities of humanitarian actors on how ...read more
10/06/2014
 - Highlights The PRESAO forum results indicate a high probability that expected rainfall in 2014 will be inferior than in 2013 in the region, notably in Western Sahel The ...read more
08/05/2014
 - Key points: Seasonal precipitation forecasts indicate possible cumulative rainfall deficits in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone during the rainy season. The pastoralist situation is characterized by pasture depletion ...read more
09/04/2014