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The majority of Bolivians relies on the agriculture sector for their livelihoods; however about 85 percent of farmers can only produce at subsistence levels and 40 percent of the population is not able to earn enough money to meet their basic food needs. The effects of climate change in recent years have made the rural population, more vulnerable than ever. FAO is working in Bolivia to help vulnerable communities to restore their livelihoods and build their resilience to natural disasters so they increase their food security and have minimum living standards.
Enhancing local capacities to cope with natural disasters
FAO is supporting vulnerable communities living in areas affected by droughts, cold waves and floods by promoting community disaster risk management and early warning systems to mitigate the negative effect of climate change. FAO is restoring the ancestral practice of embankments built at two meters from the surface of the natural ground, which allows to face two continuous disasters of high recurrence (flood and drought in a same place at different times of the year), with only one type of infrastructure. The retained water into the channels during the dry season also benefits the implementation of several small familiar or communal plots or gardens for crop production.
FAO is providing animals to the most vulnerable families and training in order to establish some familiar herds and subsistence production of protein. These animals are the basic material for giving the elemental knowledge of animal management, including veterinary health, sanitary concepts and procedures, reproduction, livestock feed and feeding, and better basic transformation of the by products for the best way of it consumption into the familiar nucleus.
By distributing to small farmers distinct species of seeds (rice, maize, beans and cassava) and tools, a routine of crop production is established, year by year, under the FAO´s technical concepts of selection, post-harvest conservation and well uses of the best seeds for the recurrent and sustainable production next years.