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Madagascar

Madagascar

Read more about FAO in emergencies and the locust crisis in MadagascarMore than three-quarters of Malagasy families earn a living from agriculture, but frequent natural disasters – drought in the South, cyclones in the East, locust threats – cut into production and incomes, pushing families into poverty and hunger. A locust plague that began in April 2012 could endanger the livelihoods of 13 million people – roughly 60 percent of the population. Madagascar has some of the highest malnutrition rates in the world, behind Afghanistan and Yemen. Through crop and income diversification, improved agricultural practices and stronger disaster preparedness, FAO is helping Malagasy families produce more and earn more – and reduce their reliance on external aid.

Building resilience to natural disasters

The frequency with which natural disasters strike Madagascar makes it increasingly difficult for farming families to recover. Challenges such as fields repeatedly damaged or destroyed by cyclones and flooding or yields reduced by drought or pest infestations cause greater food insecurity and uncertainty. FAO is working to ensure that families are better equipped to cope with a changing climate. It is expanding storage facilities, prepositioning quality seed in the event of a disaster and strengthening the capacity of local producers to multiply and market quality seed adapted to the country’s different agro-ecological zones. It is also training farmers on improved agricultural techniques and encouraging them to diversify production.

Improving food security in cities

Many of Madagascar’s city dwellers live in poverty, aggravated by political instability, rapid urbanization and unemployment. Some 31 percent of the population in the country’s capital gets by on less than 50 cents a day, with more than half of that used to buy food. Seasonal inflation of staples means that many cannot afford the food they need. FAO is helping families in urban areas diversify and improve the quantity and quality of food produced, working to ensure reliable supplies of high-yielding seeds and introducing micro-irrigation kits for production during the dry season. FAO is also strengthening the capacity of producer organizations to supply fresh and nutritious food to urban markets and is supporting Government efforts to integrate nutritional awareness programmes into primary schools.

Reducing losses from locusts

Madagascar’s southern districts are particularly vulnerable to locust outbreaks, which can be disastrous for food crops and pasture. An ongoing locust crisis is threatening the livelihoods of some 13 million people – nine million of whom rely on agriculture for their living, especially rice farming. FAO is helping to strengthen the country’s ability to prevent and control locust infestations by providing technical assistance in the management and use of pesticides, and supporting ground control operations. Efforts to protect human and environmental health are an important part of the campaign.

 

More about the country

 - Durant la 3ème décade, les informations disponibles concernant la pluviosité étaient contradictoires : selon les estimations de FEWS-NET (figure 1), les pluies étaient abondantes dans la majeure ...read more
17/12/2014
 - Durant la 2ème décade d’octobre 2014 : selon les estimations de FEWS-NET, les pluies étaient abondantes dans la majeure partie de Madagascar. La pluviosité était inférieure à ...read more
16/12/2014
 - In the Invasion Area (mainly in the West), control operations started on the 17 October with the onset of the rainy season and the first breeding ...read more
15/12/2014
 - A US$4 million project to strengthen controls of food security threats and better manage plant and animal pests and diseases in the Southern African region was ...read more
28/11/2014
 - Durant la 1ère décade d'octobre 2014, une augmentation progressive de la pluviosité a été constatée dans la majeure partie de la Grande-Île: la saison des pluies ...read more
19/11/2014
 - En septembre 2014, l'aridité persistait sur le versant occidental de la Grande-Île, sauf dans le Melaky et le Sud-Est qui ont reçu des pluies précoces relativement ...read more
19/11/2014
 - The helicopter took off to carry out an extensive aerial survey between Antananarivo and Majunga in Madagascar, stopping at Maevatanana to refuel. The objective of the ...read more
13/11/2014
 - The sun is almost at its zenith, the ground bristling with termite mounds, the vegetation sparse with rice fields dotted within the low-lying areas. The survey ...read more
13/11/2014
 - The helicopter took off to carry out an extensive aerial survey between Antananarivo and Majunga in Madagascar, stopping at Maevatanana to refuel. The objective of the ...read more
07/11/2014
 - The end of the winter period was marked by the first rains in late September. These rains have continued throughout October, resulting in the growth and ...read more
31/10/2014