Madagascar

Madagascar

Read more about FAO in emergencies and the locust crisis in MadagascarMore than three-quarters of Malagasy families earn a living from agriculture, but frequent natural disasters – drought in the South, cyclones in the East, locust threats – cut into production and incomes, pushing families into poverty and hunger. A locust plague that began in April 2012 could endanger the livelihoods of 13 million people – roughly 60 percent of the population. Madagascar has some of the highest malnutrition rates in the world, behind Afghanistan and Yemen. Through crop and income diversification, improved agricultural practices and stronger disaster preparedness, FAO is helping Malagasy families produce more and earn more – and reduce their reliance on external aid.

Building resilience to natural disasters

The frequency with which natural disasters strike Madagascar makes it increasingly difficult for farming families to recover. Challenges such as fields repeatedly damaged or destroyed by cyclones and flooding or yields reduced by drought or pest infestations cause greater food insecurity and uncertainty. FAO is working to ensure that families are better equipped to cope with a changing climate. It is expanding storage facilities, prepositioning quality seed in the event of a disaster and strengthening the capacity of local producers to multiply and market quality seed adapted to the country’s different agro-ecological zones. It is also training farmers on improved agricultural techniques and encouraging them to diversify production.

Improving food security in cities

Many of Madagascar’s city dwellers live in poverty, aggravated by political instability, rapid urbanization and unemployment. Some 31 percent of the population in the country’s capital gets by on less than 50 cents a day, with more than half of that used to buy food. Seasonal inflation of staples means that many cannot afford the food they need. FAO is helping families in urban areas diversify and improve the quantity and quality of food produced, working to ensure reliable supplies of high-yielding seeds and introducing micro-irrigation kits for production during the dry season. FAO is also strengthening the capacity of producer organizations to supply fresh and nutritious food to urban markets and is supporting Government efforts to integrate nutritional awareness programmes into primary schools.

Reducing losses from locusts

Madagascar’s southern districts are particularly vulnerable to locust outbreaks, which can be disastrous for food crops and pasture. An ongoing locust crisis is threatening the livelihoods of some 13 million people – nine million of whom rely on agriculture for their living, especially rice farming. FAO is helping to strengthen the country’s ability to prevent and control locust infestations by providing technical assistance in the management and use of pesticides, and supporting ground control operations. Efforts to protect human and environmental health are an important part of the campaign.

 

More about the country

 - Au cours de la réunion de restitution qui s’est tenue le 24 juin 2015 dans les locaux de la Représentation à Madagascar de l’Organisation des Nations ...read more
24/06/2015
 - Diagnostic Durant la 3ème décade d’avril 2015, la pluviosité diminuait par rapport à la décade précédente, induisant un dessèchement du tapis végétal, surtout dans des biotopes xérophiles. ...read more
22/06/2015
 - In 2015, FAO seeks USD 759 million to assist over 30 million crisis-affected people in 35 countries.
22/06/2015
 - Diagnostic Durant la 2ème décade d’avril 2015, la pluviosité diminuait par rapport à la décade précédente. Dans l’Aire grégarigène, les compartiments Nord et Centre restaient globalement favorables ...read more
15/06/2015
 - Diagnostic Durant la 1ère décade d’avril 2015, la pluviosité diminuait dans la majeure partie de la Grande-Île, surtout dans les parties occidentale et méridionale. Cependant, les conditions ...read more
09/06/2015
 - Locust situation During the last twenty days of May 2015, the dry and cold season has gradually started. Temperatures were very low in the Hautes-Terres but continue ...read more
05/06/2015
 - Diagnostic Durant la 3ème décade de mars 2015, la pluviosité était faible à moyenne. Une légère diminution de la pluviosité a été constatée par rapport à la ...read more
03/06/2015
 - Diagnostic Durant la 2ème décade de mars 2015, la pluviosité était le plus souvent moyenne et diminuait par rapport à la décade précédente, principalement dans les régions ...read more
26/05/2015
 - Diagnostic Durant la 1ème décade de mars 2015, la pluviosité était moyenne à forte. Dans l’Aire grégarigène, les conditions éco-météorologiques étaient globalement acceptables pour le développement du ...read more
20/05/2015
 - Locust situation From mid-March 2015, rains have globally decreased on the whole Island: therefore the vegetation cover started to dry out on plateaus and in the plains ...read more
15/05/2015