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Madagascar

Madagascar

Read more about FAO in emergencies and the locust crisis in MadagascarMore than three-quarters of Malagasy families earn a living from agriculture, but frequent natural disasters – drought in the South, cyclones in the East, locust threats – cut into production and incomes, pushing families into poverty and hunger. A locust plague that began in April 2012 could endanger the livelihoods of 13 million people – roughly 60 percent of the population. Madagascar has some of the highest malnutrition rates in the world, behind Afghanistan and Yemen. Through crop and income diversification, improved agricultural practices and stronger disaster preparedness, FAO is helping Malagasy families produce more and earn more – and reduce their reliance on external aid.

Building resilience to natural disasters

The frequency with which natural disasters strike Madagascar makes it increasingly difficult for farming families to recover. Challenges such as fields repeatedly damaged or destroyed by cyclones and flooding or yields reduced by drought or pest infestations cause greater food insecurity and uncertainty. FAO is working to ensure that families are better equipped to cope with a changing climate. It is expanding storage facilities, prepositioning quality seed in the event of a disaster and strengthening the capacity of local producers to multiply and market quality seed adapted to the country’s different agro-ecological zones. It is also training farmers on improved agricultural techniques and encouraging them to diversify production.

Improving food security in cities

Many of Madagascar’s city dwellers live in poverty, aggravated by political instability, rapid urbanization and unemployment. Some 31 percent of the population in the country’s capital gets by on less than 50 cents a day, with more than half of that used to buy food. Seasonal inflation of staples means that many cannot afford the food they need. FAO is helping families in urban areas diversify and improve the quantity and quality of food produced, working to ensure reliable supplies of high-yielding seeds and introducing micro-irrigation kits for production during the dry season. FAO is also strengthening the capacity of producer organizations to supply fresh and nutritious food to urban markets and is supporting Government efforts to integrate nutritional awareness programmes into primary schools.

Reducing losses from locusts

Madagascar’s southern districts are particularly vulnerable to locust outbreaks, which can be disastrous for food crops and pasture. An ongoing locust crisis is threatening the livelihoods of some 13 million people – nine million of whom rely on agriculture for their living, especially rice farming. FAO is helping to strengthen the country’s ability to prevent and control locust infestations by providing technical assistance in the management and use of pesticides, and supporting ground control operations. Efforts to protect human and environmental health are an important part of the campaign.

 

More about the country

 - Durant la 3ème décade de décembre 2014, la pluviosité était très faible tant dans l’Aire grégarigène que dans l’Aire d’invasion.Les informations pluviométriques étaient contradictoires, selon les ...read more
19/02/2015
 - Durant la 2ème décade de décembre 2014, la pluviosité augmentait dans la majeure partie de la Grande-Île et devenait excessive pour le Criquet migrateur malgache, surtout ...read more
11/02/2015
 - The northern part of the Invasion Area is now free from Malagasy Migratory Locust infestations. In the central part of the Invasion Area (in the Betsiriry ...read more
09/02/2015
 - Durant la 1ère décade de décembre 2014, la pluviosité était relativement importante et diversement repartie, surtout dans l’Aire d’invasion Centre et la quasi-totalité de l’Aire grégarigène. ...read more
09/02/2015
 - La campagne antiacridienne 2014/2015 a commencé, sur le terrain, à la fin de la première décade d’octobre par le déploiement de la Base 1 à Tsiroanomandidy. ...read more
03/02/2015
 - Durant la 3ème décade de novembre, les estimations de FEWS-NET indiquaient que des conditions arides perduraient dans l'Aire grégarigène et s'étendaient à l'Aire d’invasion (compartiment Centre). ...read more
30/01/2015
 - Madagascar is prone to natural disasters, including drought, floods, cyclones and locust crises. The current locust plague began in April 2012, following a two-year upsurge that ...read more
30/01/2015
 - Durant la 2ème décade de novembre, les informations pluviométriques restaient hétérogènes : les estimations de FEWS-NET (figure 1) indiquaient que la pluviosité était au moins supérieure à ...read more
26/01/2015
 - In Madagascar, the battle against an ongoing plague of locusts risks being lost as funds for continuing operations run out. Failure to carry through the joint ...read more
21/01/2015
 - The livelihoods of up to 13 million people in Madagascar continue to be threatened by plagues of migratory locusts. As FAO renews calls for further funding ...read more
21/01/2015