Madagascar

Madagascar

Madagascar is the country most exposed to cyclones in Africa and one of the world’s most vulnerable countries to the effects of climate change. Frequent natural disasters and locust threats negatively impact households’ livelihoods, pushing thousands of people into poverty and hunger. FAO is working to strengthen the resilience of vulnerable households in order to improve their food security and allow them to recover from recurrent crises.

Impact of food security and agricultural livelihoods

Since the start of 2020, Madagascar has faced three major disasters, namely floods affecting regions in the north, the COVID‑19 pandemic and prolonged drought in southern districts. The 2019/20 agricultural season in southern Madagascar was affected by the worst drought in the last decade lasting about two years, with a dramatic decrease in production, adding to several consecutive years of below-average harvests due to recurrent drought since 2014. The humanitarian situation is exacerbated by the adverse socio-economic effects of the COVID‑19 containment measures, leading to the disruption of the market supply chain, and the price increases of basic foodstuffs. Insecurity in parts of the deep south, as well as the resurgence of various crop and animal pests and diseases – a new outbreak of Rift Valley fever and a looming threat of migratory locusts – have also led to worse levels of food insecurity in the region.

These conditions are severely affecting access to food and income for vulnerable populations, who are forced to reduce the quantity, frequency and quality of their meals. The latest Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) analysis indicates that 42 percent of the population is facing crisis or worse levels of food insecurity, of whom nearly 14 000 in IPC Phase 5. This figure is expected to double reaching a total of 1.31 million people in October–December 2021, if appropriate humanitarian action is not taken.

FAO’s response

For 2021, FAO is requesting USD 40.4 million to restore and safeguard the livelihoods of over 1.1 million people. As 95 percent of the population in southern Madagascar lives on agriculture, livestock and fisheries, providing them with essential inputs, cash-based transfers and technical guidance are key to allow affected people to quickly produce food, generate income and strengthen their resilience. 

 

More about the country

 - With each day that passes, more lives are at stake as hunger tightens its grip in southern Madagascar. This is the stark warning from two United ...read more
11/05/2021
 - Southern regions of the Republic of Madagascar are currently facing a severe food insecurity and malnutrition crisis due to multiple shocks such as drought, sandstorms, plant ...read more
11/05/2021
 - La sècheresse prolongée, l’apparition fréquente du phénomène de tempête de sable, et les attaques d’ennemis de cultures, dont les chenilles légionnaires sont, entre autres, les situations ...read more
10/05/2021
 - Renforcer la résilience des ménages menacés par l’insécurité alimentaire, suite au phénomène El Nino et en raison de l’irrégularité des précipitations.
18/12/2019
 - A record 45 million people across the 16-nation Southern African Development Community (SADC) will be severely food insecure in the next six months, United Nations food ...read more
31/10/2019
 -  Late rains, extended dry periods, two major cyclones and economic challenges have proved a recipe for disaster for food security and livelihoods across Southern Africa. Currently, 9.3 ...read more
28/10/2019
 - To reduce the vulnerability and strengthen the resilience of recurrent drought-affected rural population in the Great South of Madagascar.
21/10/2019
 - Southern Madagascar is characterized by a semi-arid climate, and is regularly affected by periods of drought, along with drying winds and wind erosion. Here, vulnerable households’ ...read more
04/06/2019
 - There is evidence that the intensity and frequency of natural hazards and conflicts is increasing. Natural hazards, for example, now occur nearly five times as often ...read more
25/04/2019