Nigeria

Nigeria

Read more about FAO in emergencies and the the crisis in the Lake Chad Basin

In northeast Nigeria, the Boko Haram insurgency has led to heightened levels of displacement and food insecurity. While humanitarian access is improving, most displaced families still rely on vulnerable host communities for basic needs, including food. Providing support to IDPs over the past three years has put already impoverished host communities under extreme pressure, leading to increased exposure to food insecurity and malnutrition. Lootings and fear of attacks have prevented many farmers from working in their fields, leading to the loss of harvests and productive assets, and extremely reduced purchasing power. 

Alarming rise in food insecurity in northeast Nigeria

The Cadre harmonisé report released on 19 August 2016 indicates that 4.5 million people are severely food insecure (Phase 3 to 5) in northeast Nigeria and require immediate assistance, an increase of 50 percent compared with March 2016. Over 65 000 people are classified in Phase 5 (Famine), while the number of those in Phase 4 (Emergency) has tripled since March 2016, reaching over 1 million. Hard-to-reach areas of Borno and Yobe States, where food insecurity has reached extremely high levels, are of particular concern. Such a rapid deterioration of the food security situation is linked to conflict, displacement and lack of relevant food production in the last three years and the consequent depletion of household and market food stocks. 

Immediate support to affected populations

In order to respond to the immediate needs of the affected population, FAO has launched a full scale corporate surge response. A dedicated team of experts is based in Maiduguri and works closely with partners on the ground. FAO’s priority is to provide immediate livelihood support to crisis-hit farmers, herders, and agropastoralists, including IDPs and host communities. The preparation of the next irrigated dry season is underway, and activities in support to weakened herd, such as veterinary care and animal feed, are urgently needed. FAO also actively participated in the assessments related to food security and livelihoods, and plays a critical role in the coordination of food security and livelihood partners. 

Strengthening livelihood resilience

Building on its emergency programme, FAO will design a resilience approach aiming at strengthening resilience in northeast Nigeria, as well as in other countries of the Lake Chad basin ‒ Cameroon, Chad and the Niger. This approach will support the 3 M system ‒  mobility, multi-activity, multiple use of lands ‒ that characterizes large parts of the agro-ecosystems in northeast Nigeria and beyond. Special emphasize will be put on women and youth, as well as on coordination with stakeholders involved in the resilience agenda in the Lake Chad region. This approach will contribute to conflict prevention and peacebuilding.

 

 

More about the country

 - Key messages FAO’s has launched its rainy season programme to bolster the food production capacity of 150 000 targeted farming families (1 050 000 people) in Adamawa, ...read more
14/06/2018
 - The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) held its first seed fair in northeastern Nigeria on 2 June 2018 in Tikau, a large ...read more
08/06/2018
 - As the security situation improves in northeastern Nigeria, more farmers and livestock owners return to their villages. To address their critical need for local agricultural extension ...read more
30/05/2018
 - Key messages FAO’s dry season programme bolstered the food production capacity of over 117 000 farming families (760 000 people) in Adamawa, Borno and Yobe, thereby enhancing ...read more
30/04/2018
 - To restore the agriculture-based livelihoods of IDPs, returnees and vulnerable host communities through the provision of quality agricultural inputs.
26/04/2018
 - See the differences between the two analysis moving the slider. Projected food insecurity situation in the Sahel and West Africa: as for June-August 2018 over 10.6 million ...read more
17/04/2018
 - See the differences between the two analysis moving the slider. Food insecurity situation in the Sahel and West Africa: as for March-May 2018 over 7.1 million people ...read more
06/04/2018
 - Aisa ya Maida, who lost her husband during an attack on her home in Magumeri, a Local Government Authority (LGA) in Borno State, fled to Mashumari ...read more
28/03/2018
 - To support information management mechanisms and systems of the Food Security Sector (FSS), improving access to timely and reliable information to inform partners’ programming and planning ...read more
09/03/2018