Nigeria

Nigeria

In northeast Nigeria, the Boko Haram insurgency has led to heightened levels of displacement and food insecurity. While humanitarian access is improving, most displaced families still rely on vulnerable host communities for basic needs, including food. Providing support to IDPs over the past three years has put already impoverished host communities under extreme pressure, leading to increased exposure to food insecurity and malnutrition. Lootings and fear of attacks have prevented many farmers from working in their fields, leading to the loss of harvests and productive assets, and extremely reduced purchasing power. 

Alarming rise in food insecurity in northeast Nigeria

The Cadre harmonisé report released on 19 August 2016 indicates that 4.5 million people are severely food insecure (Phase 3 to 5) in northeast Nigeria and require immediate assistance, an increase of 50 percent compared with March 2016. Over 65 000 people are classified in Phase 5 (Famine), while the number of those in Phase 4 (Emergency) has tripled since March 2016, reaching over 1 million. Hard-to-reach areas of Borno and Yobe States, where food insecurity has reached extremely high levels, are of particular concern. Such a rapid deterioration of the food security situation is linked to conflict, displacement and lack of relevant food production in the last three years and the consequent depletion of household and market food stocks. 

Immediate support to affected populations

In order to respond to the immediate needs of the affected population, FAO has launched a full scale corporate surge response. A dedicated team of experts is based in Maiduguri and works closely with partners on the ground. FAO’s priority is to provide immediate livelihood support to crisis-hit farmers, herders, and agropastoralists, including IDPs and host communities. The preparation of the next irrigated dry season is underway, and activities in support to weakened herd, such as veterinary care and animal feed, are urgently needed. FAO also actively participated in the assessments related to food security and livelihoods, and plays a critical role in the coordination of food security and livelihood partners. 

Strengthening livelihood resilience

Building on its emergency programme, FAO will design a resilience approach aiming at strengthening resilience in northeast Nigeria, as well as in other countries of the Lake Chad basin ‒ Cameroon, Chad and the Niger. This approach will support the 3 M system ‒  mobility, multi-activity, multiple use of lands ‒ that characterizes large parts of the agro-ecosystems in northeast Nigeria and beyond. Special emphasize will be put on women and youth, as well as on coordination with stakeholders involved in the resilience agenda in the Lake Chad region. This approach will contribute to conflict prevention and peacebuilding.

 

More about the country

 - Highlights 5.1 million people face acute food insecurity in northeast Nigeria (according to the latest Cadre harmonisé analysis released on 28 October) – immediate intervention is required ...read more
24/11/2016
 - In Northeast Nigeria, crisis-hit farmers are considering a return to fields they left up to three years ago. When people fled the remote rural areas in ...read more
15/11/2016
 - Food insecurity situation in the North of Nigeria from 01/10 to 31/12/2016.
30/10/2016
 - The Cadre Harmonisé (CH) is a current regional framework aimed to prevent food crisis by quickly identifying affected populations and proffering appropriate measures to improve their ...read more
29/10/2016
 - Key points Normal to above normal harvest and pasture production expected for the 2016/2017 cropping season. Spread of the Rift Valley fever in the region of Tahoua in ...read more
24/10/2016
 - Key messages Almost 4.5 million people face acute food insecurity in northeast Nigeria and require immediate assistance, according to the latest Cadre harmonisé analysis, released on 19 ...read more
28/09/2016
 - Key points Relatively well-distributed rainfall in most of the region with above normal in Burkina Faso, Mali, Niger, Nigeria and Senegal. Normal availability of pastures in the pastoral ...read more
26/09/2016
 - Key messages Restoring agricultural livelihoods is a priority to avoid a further deterioration of the food security situation of displaced people and host communities in the coming ...read more
23/09/2016
 - In Northeast Nigeria, internally displaced persons (IDPs) and host communities bear the brunt of the multiple impact of the current crisis. Most of displaced families have ...read more
22/09/2016
 - In Northeast Nigeria, 3,000 households (about 24 000 people) are benefitting from FAO assistance to engage in vegetable production (rain fed and irrigated cropping) and marketing, ...read more
21/09/2016