Nigeria

Nigeria

In northeast Nigeria, the Boko Haram insurgency has led to heightened levels of displacement and food insecurity. While humanitarian access is improving, most displaced families still rely on vulnerable host communities for basic needs, including food. Providing support to IDPs over the past three years has put already impoverished host communities under extreme pressure, leading to increased exposure to food insecurity and malnutrition. Lootings and fear of attacks have prevented many farmers from working in their fields, leading to the loss of harvests and productive assets, and extremely reduced purchasing power. 

Alarming rise in food insecurity in northeast Nigeria

The Cadre harmonisé report released on 19 August 2016 indicates that 4.5 million people are severely food insecure (Phase 3 to 5) in northeast Nigeria and require immediate assistance, an increase of 50 percent compared with March 2016. Over 65 000 people are classified in Phase 5 (Famine), while the number of those in Phase 4 (Emergency) has tripled since March 2016, reaching over 1 million. Hard-to-reach areas of Borno and Yobe States, where food insecurity has reached extremely high levels, are of particular concern. Such a rapid deterioration of the food security situation is linked to conflict, displacement and lack of relevant food production in the last three years and the consequent depletion of household and market food stocks. 

Immediate support to affected populations

In order to respond to the immediate needs of the affected population, FAO has launched a full scale corporate surge response. A dedicated team of experts is based in Maiduguri and works closely with partners on the ground. FAO’s priority is to provide immediate livelihood support to crisis-hit farmers, herders, and agropastoralists, including IDPs and host communities. The preparation of the next irrigated dry season is underway, and activities in support to weakened herd, such as veterinary care and animal feed, are urgently needed. FAO also actively participated in the assessments related to food security and livelihoods, and plays a critical role in the coordination of food security and livelihood partners. 

Strengthening livelihood resilience

Building on its emergency programme, FAO will design a resilience approach aiming at strengthening resilience in northeast Nigeria, as well as in other countries of the Lake Chad basin ‒ Cameroon, Chad and the Niger. This approach will support the 3 M system ‒  mobility, multi-activity, multiple use of lands ‒ that characterizes large parts of the agro-ecosystems in northeast Nigeria and beyond. Special emphasize will be put on women and youth, as well as on coordination with stakeholders involved in the resilience agenda in the Lake Chad region. This approach will contribute to conflict prevention and peacebuilding.

 

More about the country

 - FAO warned that the food security situation in Nigeria and the Lake Chad Basin is drastically deteriorating, as conflict and instability continue. Daniele Donati, the Deputy Director of FAO Emergency and Rehabilitation Division explains ...read more
24/02/2017
 - As conflict and instability continue, the food security situation in Nigeria and the Lake Chad Basin is drastically deteriorating, FAO warned today, as it called for swift and decisive action from ...read more
24/02/2017
 - The figures of the people living in the Lake Chad Basin, the number of incidents and deaths, the displacemnt trend and the number of food insecure ...read more
23/02/2017
 - Buoyed by the prospect of restarting life through agricultural livelihoods, many internally displaced persons (IDPs) in northeastern Nigeria are returning to farms supported by the Food and Agriculture ...read more
23/02/2017
 - Context Boko Haram-related violence in northeastern Nigeria has spilled over to areas of neighbouring Sahelian countries in the Lake Chad Basin – specifically, Cameroon, Chad and the ...read more
21/02/2017
 - Key Points: Food situation remains good in the region with new harvests. The off season crop campaign in the region is ongoing. Niger recorded a forage production deficit. Locust ...read more
10/02/2017
 - Key messages Restoring agricultural livelihoods is a priority to avoid a further deterioration of the food security situation of displaced people and host communities in the coming ...read more
31/01/2017
 - Highlights 5.1 million people face acute food insecurity in northeast Nigeria (Adamawa, Borno and Yobe States) during the next lean season (Cadre harmonisé analysis released on 28 ...read more
19/01/2017
 - Food insecurity situation in the North of Nigeria from 01/06 to 31/08/2017.
09/01/2017
 - Food insecurity situation in the Sahel and West Africa from 01/06 to 31/08/2017. Compare it with the previous one.
09/01/2017