Read more about FAO in emergencies and the the crisis in the Lake Chad Basin

In northeast Nigeria, the Boko Haram insurgency has led to heightened levels of displacement and food insecurity. While humanitarian access is improving, most displaced families still rely on vulnerable host communities for basic needs, including food. Providing support to IDPs over the past three years has put already impoverished host communities under extreme pressure, leading to increased exposure to food insecurity and malnutrition. Lootings and fear of attacks have prevented many farmers from working in their fields, leading to the loss of harvests and productive assets, and extremely reduced purchasing power. 

Alarming rise in food insecurity in northeast Nigeria

The Cadre harmonisé report released on 19 August 2016 indicates that 4.5 million people are severely food insecure (Phase 3 to 5) in northeast Nigeria and require immediate assistance, an increase of 50 percent compared with March 2016. Over 65 000 people are classified in Phase 5 (Famine), while the number of those in Phase 4 (Emergency) has tripled since March 2016, reaching over 1 million. Hard-to-reach areas of Borno and Yobe States, where food insecurity has reached extremely high levels, are of particular concern. Such a rapid deterioration of the food security situation is linked to conflict, displacement and lack of relevant food production in the last three years and the consequent depletion of household and market food stocks. 

Immediate support to affected populations

In order to respond to the immediate needs of the affected population, FAO has launched a full scale corporate surge response. A dedicated team of experts is based in Maiduguri and works closely with partners on the ground. FAO’s priority is to provide immediate livelihood support to crisis-hit farmers, herders, and agropastoralists, including IDPs and host communities. The preparation of the next irrigated dry season is underway, and activities in support to weakened herd, such as veterinary care and animal feed, are urgently needed. FAO also actively participated in the assessments related to food security and livelihoods, and plays a critical role in the coordination of food security and livelihood partners. 

Strengthening livelihood resilience

Building on its emergency programme, FAO will design a resilience approach aiming at strengthening resilience in northeast Nigeria, as well as in other countries of the Lake Chad basin ‒ Cameroon, Chad and the Niger. This approach will support the 3 M system ‒  mobility, multi-activity, multiple use of lands ‒ that characterizes large parts of the agro-ecosystems in northeast Nigeria and beyond. Special emphasize will be put on women and youth, as well as on coordination with stakeholders involved in the resilience agenda in the Lake Chad region. This approach will contribute to conflict prevention and peacebuilding.



More about the country

 - Since 2013, the Boko Haram insurgency in northeastern Nigeria has caused a significant humanitarian crisis resulting in massive socio-economic and human losses. A total of 1.9 more
 - Key messages In 2017, FAO supported over 1.8 million people through the provision of seeds, fertilizers and livestock and cash-based assistance in northeastern Nigeria’s three most affected more
 -  to assist 1.6 million people FAO requires USD 31.5 million period January – December 2018                               The conflict in northeastern Nigeria has devastated agricultural livelihoods in various ways, including livestock losses, reduced access more
 - With conflict and climate-related shocks sending global hunger numbers marching back up after declining for decades, FAO is asking for $1.06 billion to save lives and livelihoods and more
 - After receiving crop and vegetable seeds and fertilizer, 1 million people in northeastern Nigeria’s Adamawa, Borno and Yobe states produced enough food to last well into more
 - To improve the food and nutrition security of internally displaced families and their host families and build their resilience.
 - The Global Early Warning - Early Action System (EWEA) report on food security and agriculture is developed by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) through its EWEA. more
 - Améliorer les moyens de subsistance, la sécurité alimentaire et la nutrition des personnes vulnérables déplacées, des rapatriés et des familles d’accueil en soutenant l’agriculture pendant la more
 - For the first time since the onset of the Boko Haram crisis, hunger has considerably declined in northeastern Nigeria. In the three states ravaged by the more
 - Strong cereal harvests are keeping global food supplies buoyant, but localised drought, flooding and protracted conflicts have intensified and perpetuated food insecurity, according to the new more