Inicio  > Crisis > Haiti earthquake 2010

FAO in emergencies app

Download now!

Connect with us

Haiti earthquake

Haiti earthquake 2010

On 12 January 2010, Haiti and subsequent aftershocks have left Port-au-Prince and villages in its surroundings in ruins, displaced an estimated 1.7 million people and injured or killed hundreds of thousands. An estimated 482 349 people moved into rural areas, placing even greater strain on already vulnerable rural households. This movement of people worsened the situation in rural areas with nearly 600 new settlements established in rural areas since the earthquake. Seventy-five percent of the population was living in rural zones (prior to the earthquake) and depend on agriculture.

The damages to the agricultural sector caused by the earthquake was mostly related to the silt of irrigated plots and cracking of irrigation canals. According to a FAO rapid post-disaster assessment, over 80 percent of rural housing has been severely affected by the earthquake and the houses in the Léogane watershed are completely destroyed. Moreover, there has been a decrease in the volume of irrigation water available in the concerned municipalities of Gressier, Léogane and Grand Goave, affecting especially the plots of beans. There has also been a loss of stock of seeds, tools, storage and irrigation facilities.

FAO immediate response

The FAO Emergency Operations and Rehabilitation Programme for Haiti integrated humanitarian assistance activities and structural interventions to support the Government of Haiti Programme of Action to rebuild the agricultural sector, improve food security and create employment and livelihood opportunities for the rural population and internally displaced people moving to rural areas as a result of the earthquake.

The focus of FAO activities for immediate support to Haiti post-earthquake included: distribution of seeds, hand tools, fertilizers, small animals and fishing materials; support to husbandry and fishery activities; promotion of fruit tree crops for soil conservation; establishment of emergency seed stocks and seed storage and conservation; reconstruction and reinforcement of infrastructure (such as irrigation canals, river banks) to withstand future floods; urban and peri-urban agriculture income generation activities.

The overall objective of the FAO emergency response and rehabilitation programming for Haiti was to ensure that food security was safeguarded over the first 12-18 months on an increasingly sustainable basis, in line with the Government of Haiti Programme of Action to rebuild the agriculture sector, and working with and through the Agriculture Cluster.

FAO focused on five broad areas of intervention: (i) seed and planting material distribution to those areas and households where is known to be in short supply or low productivity; (ii) livestock support for income generation; (iii) cash for work programmes to replace and rehabilitate agricultural infrastructure while simultaneously increasing food access through markets; (iv) targeted agricultural input support to urban and peri-urban households (household gardens) to increase self-reliance in food production, improve nutrition, stimulate urban markets and support incomes; and (v) enhanced coordination of agencies supporting agricultural and food security recovery.

Related Topics

 - Since March 2011, violence in Syria has claimed hundreds of thousands of lives and injured countless civilians.As of December 2014, over 50 percent of the population has fled their homes, ...READ MORE
 - Agriculture plays an important role in Nepal’s economy, but the country’s small-scale producers face many challenges. Access to quality inputs, decent roads, irrigation and markets is patchy. Natural disasters destroy ...READ MORE
 - Las sequías, inundaciones, tormentas y otros desastres provocados por el cambio climático han aumentado en frecuencia y gravedad en las últimas tres décadas, incrementando los daños ...read more
17/08/2016
 - A tan sólo unas semanas de iniciar a preparar la tierra para la próxima temporada agrícola, unos 23 millones de personas en África austral necesitan con ...read more
28/07/2016
 - Los gobiernos y la comunidad internacional deben intensificar con urgencia sus esfuerzos conjuntos para evitar más sufrimiento humano, fortalecer la resiliencia y salvaguardar los medios de ...read more
06/07/2016
 - El Niño tiene amplias consecuencias en el clima global y los patrones climáticos.
04/07/2016
 - Vidas y medios de vida están amenazados en el Sudán del Sur después de un brote de enfrentamientos en Juba que se ha extendido a cinco ...read more
02/07/2016
 - El Corredor Seco Centroamericano, en particular Guatemala, Honduras y El Salvador está viviendo una de las sequias más graves de estos últimos 10 años, dejando a ...read more
29/06/2016
 - Una gran parte del Yemen -19 de un total de 22 provincias- se enfrenta a una situación de grave inseguridad alimentaria, según una nueva evaluación conjunta ...read more
21/06/2016
 - El desarrollo sostenible no puede lograrse sin medios de vida resilientes. La FAO ayuda a los países para aumentar la resiliencia de las familias, comunidades e ...read more
17/06/2016
 - Salvar medios de subsistencia salva vidas.
28/05/2016
 - La Organización de las Naciones Unidas para la Alimentación y la Agricultura (FAO) y el Programa Mundial de Alimentos (PMA) han comenzado a suministrar semillas, aperos ...read more
25/05/2016
« Previous 1 2 3 4 5 ... 37